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What do the terms management and work organisation mean?

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Introduction

What do the terms management and work organisation mean? Since they were created, management and work organisation have been wide-spreadly used in variety of circumstances, business negotiations in particular. Over the last century, several famous theorists have contributed their own approaches of what is meant by such complex items management and organisation (management theory and practice, 4th edition, G.A.Cole, P3). Meanwhile, confusion arose by variety of concepts in different theories. For instance, the classic definition of management states it is an activity, but the statement is not accepted by most of the modern writer (G.A.Cole, P3). In my essay, I am going to withdraw the definition of management at first by considering the most basic thought, which most of the theorists share in common. The interpretation of key elements will be added to deconstruct the complex. Then, a synopsis of work organisation will be carried out, as well as its comprehension. In the early twenties, most of the theory writers had been influenced deeply by Adam Smith and F.W.Taylor's scientific management approach, so Henri Fayol came out with his classic definition, which tends to be more specific about command and control (G.A.Cole, P3). At the time when neo-humanist of Herzberg and McGregor became popular and practical, the importance of motivation and coordination between staff and manager is emphasised. However, in 21st century when technology and efficiency have been improving with passing days management is more likely to be a balance of all sorts, in order to overcome obstacles caused by technological changes. ...read more.

Middle

To manage diverse stakeholder interests is actually dealing with pressure group such as Green Place, which might be become an obstacle in the use of resource. For example, animal protestors are continuing give pressures to the fashion designer for using furl. Involving others in decision-making is pretty much like Japanese approach, which gives more responsibilities and privileges to employees, and therefore encourage them to put more attention on increasing average labour turnover. A good communication is often a motivator to employees. When the information is passed effective around the organisation, employees will probably think they have chance to gain the recognition of their achievement, therefore satisfied their self-esteem. In addition, a good communication also helps manager to keep employees on focus of objectives. Due to the hierarchical structure of modern organisation, information was not always passed on effectively, man-made mistakes occur frequently. In this technological generation, pace of a business has been a substantial item to be considered. Work organisation is the way to organise the work and workforce. From the very beginning, when the scale of production remained small, most of the products were produced in several family workshops. The goods were sold in a marketplace or sold to a trader who collected all the goods from villages. Before the first revolution started, factories were formed; the skill workers in workshops, i.e. the males were recruited to be workforces in factories. The scale of production was enlarged as well as the profit, but not the productivity. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, they are the brain of the work, the main job of manager is to plan the overall direction of the department and monitor the operation processes. The supervisors who are in span of the control of each manager are responsible of achieving the work, which is the 'hand'. Modern approach of vertical form of organising the work is to delegate the task directly to shop floor employees without passing thought mid class managers or supervisors. All in all, there are no fixed definitions for management and work organisation, because they vary from time to time. One other reason why we cannot judge the most appropriate convention of those two terms, it is because the need of organisations are not the same they might be similar but they will somehow have their unique characteristics, therefore to performance the best, the way of managing and organising the work adopt by business will definitely be differed from other. With the change in technology and life style, new rules or structure of management or work organisation might emerge and thus modified its original definition. Hence, management and work organisation cannot be defined particularly. Appendix 1. Mullins, L.J. (1987), Management and Organisation Behaviour, The bath Press, Avon 2. Pugh, D.S. & Hickson, D. J. (1989), Writers on Organisation, England 3. Cole, G. A. (1993), Management Theory and Practice, Guernsey, Channel Islands 4. Boddy, D. & Paton, R. (1998), Management An Introduction, Gosport, Hampshire 5. Shafritz, J. & Steve nott, .J (1991), Classics of Organization Theory, Belmont, California Lu Shang 1 ...read more.

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