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Why is it essential to build training into overall organisational and HRM strategy? What evidence should one look for to see if organisations are doing this?

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Introduction

Why is it essential to build training into overall organisational and HRM strategy? What evidence should one look for to see if organisations are doing this? 'Training is the planned provision to modify attitude, knowledge or skill behaviour through learning experience to achieve effective performance in an activity or range of activities. Its purpose, in the work situation, is to develop the abilities of the individual and to satisfy the current and future needs of the organisation.' (Manpower Services Commission, 1981). According to D. King (1964) there are many reasons why an employer should provide training including shortage of labour, high turnover, expanding production, automation, redundancy, improvement of quality, reduction of scrap, diversification of products and raising the calibre of the staff. Although this is quite a dated theory, most of the reasons mentioned are still relevant these days. All the benefits of training are related to cost as the impact of training has to be cost effective. In the first section of this essay, I am going to give an introduction to Human Resource management otherwise known as HRM. In the next section, I would like to discuss some of the benefits of training and ultimately provide a reason why it is essential to build training into an organisation. ...read more.

Middle

This idea of flexibility is the main advantage of a learning organisation. Incorporating learning into an organisation is very beneficial as the organisation can learn from past mistakes and constantly try to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of their business. Moreover training needs to be a continuous process otherwise the organisation will not be able to adapt to the changing environment. The learning organisation concept was made popular as managers recognised the need for more highly skilled and trained, flexible employees. An essential function to the business is communication, hence without communication the organisation won't be able to improve or change. Ultimately a learning organisation is based around training, this may improve the effectiveness of the business however in terms of the employees, they will be able to improve essential skills such as leadership, motivation, communication and teamwork. The idea of a learning organisation was made popular by the work of P. Senge. His argument was that work must become more 'learningful' at all organisational levels. Total quality management (TQM) is an alternative technique which an organisation can deploy to improve quality. This technique relates to the attitude and actions of the employees. ...read more.

Conclusion

There also needs to be a certain amount of flexibility and willingness to learn. In relation to attitude, total quality management is a system which strives to improve their organisation by focussing on the attitudes of its employees. In order to find evidence if an organisation is a learning organisation or using training and development techniques one needs to monitor all aspects of the organisation including productivity levels and waste levels. If for example there is an improvement in the previously mentioned levels this will show that the organisation is using some form of training and development. This will also show that the organisation has similar traits to a learning organisation. The human resource management is the management perspective which makes the decision whether to incorporate training into the business. It is essential to build training into overall organisational and HRM strategy as it a tool which ultimately improve the financial position of the business through improving performance of efficiency of the employees, the productivity, the quality of the product and by reducing waste. It also improves vital interpersonal skills such as communication, co-operation, team work, motivation as well as job satisfaction. Training is essential because most jobs are becoming more complex and an increasing shortage of qualified employees. Therefore training is emerging as the most important natural resource to most organisations. ...read more.

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