• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why People Work

Extracts from this document...


Page 1 AS Economics & Business Johirul Islam Why People Work Work is an application of mental or physical effort to a purpose, which usually earns a wage or salary or provides other rewards, though some work, like housework remains unpaid. Work is an important element in occupying and directing the individual's time. The demand of working life involves a high degree of discipline if jobs are to be kept. In this assignment I will be considering and explaining the importance of motivation in the work force and also be interviewing a few people and then giving details of wages and other rewards for working; working conditions and other factors that influence their motivation. I will also review a variety of theories, which categorise workers. In business, motivation shows how satisfied or dissatisfied people are at work. Nowadays in the work force motivation is needed to increase employee output. If employees are motivated, they will be more likely to achieve business goals. Many people believe that they are motivated by earning money, but this is not entirely true, because other factors like variety of workplace and the need to be appreciated for the work they do. The need to be appreciated for the work they do may be reflected in the prestige attached to their job, and while the need for a variety in the workplace may be satisfied by an interesting job. ...read more.


needs he would put himself into the security needs since he works for money to save for the future but he also says that he hopes for promotions and recognition from the management. So he would also be categorized into esteem needs. At the moment he goes to work to earn money and buy luxuries. His parents provide food and other essential household items. He is motivated by the fact that he could get promotions or a pay rise if he works hard and if deadlines are met. Another factor which helps to motivate him is having a good understanding with his boss. Having done both interviews I believe that the first person I interviewed would fall into theory y seeing as he enjoys his work and even works in terrible weather. I also believe he should be categorised into the security needs seeing as he works for money that he wants to save and use for luxuries. He could also be categorised into affiliation needs in view of the fact that he has social events with fellow workers after and during work. A factor which helps him become motivated to work is having a good boss, who allows flexibility. This is vitally needed because of the time it takes him to get to work after college. ...read more.


If I relax my gaze and I am too soft sloppiness sets in. 3. Indeed most people prefer to be directed. They do not really wish to carry the burden of responsibility indeed they tend to avoid this. They have little ambition and prefer a secure, steady life. Theory Y A Theory Y manager tends to believe that 1. Given the right conditions for employees, their application of physical and mental effort in work is as natural as rest or play. Work is play, offers satisfactions and meaning. 2. There are alternatives to reliance on external controls, pushing and threats - implied or real. These are not the only means for linking individual effort with organizational objectives. If people feel committed, they will exercise self-direction and self-control in the service of the firm's objectives. 3. Their objectives will complement the firm's and commitment is a function of the "intrinsic" rewards associated with their achievement i.e. not just extrinsic rewards/punishments. 4. The Theory Y manager recognizes the influence of learning. He/she believes that if the right conditions are created the average person learns not to accept and seek responsibility. 5. The capacity to exercise imagination, ingenuity and creativity in the solution of organizational problems is widely not narrowly distributed in the work force 6. In modern organizations, the intellectual potential of the average person are only partially utilized. People are capable of handling more complex problems. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE People in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE People in Business essays

  1. Business at Work - ASDA

    then successfully launched an advertising campaign through television and in-store taste sessions and posters to tempt customers to try their delicious take-away foods. The team have also been successful in tempting those customers who perhaps had no intention to purchase hot food from the Asda take-away food counter, by providing

  2. Management Theory of Douglas McGregor - Theory X and Theory Y

    They are also far more prevalent in the work place. For instance, their ingenuity, creativity, and imagination result increasingly present throughout the ranks of the working population.

  1. GSCE Unit 2: People & Business

    Managers- The managers of Asda make a big influence on the company. As the employees would look up to the managers so they can see what to look for so they could maybe be a manager. Managers can determine whether * Employing and sacking people when they are needed or not suitable for the job.

  2. Business At Work

    o Open and Restricted; means that some information, such as product prices, etc. is available to everyone, but things such as customer details are only given to certain people. 1.2 The objectives that are set within B & Q are to help the business run more effectively.

  1. Paul Cronan Case - Ethical Analysis This case involves a corporate response to AIDS ...

    I would have a duty to protect the privacy of Cronan. I would have a duty to provide information about the disease to other employees and to the dispel ors. None of these are easy tasks to accomplish without offending someone.


    Perhaps the most important, organisations today are under intense pressure to be better, faster, and more competitive. The combined effects of the globalisation, the dematerialisation of economic activity, the acceleration of technological and social change, and the emergence of new trends toward a service society and the information age.

  1. Self-Efficacy Theory Explanation for the Managementof Remote Workers in Virtual Organizations

    and their performance, was investigated in the current study using self-efficacy as the theoretical basis for the developed model. Survey data collected from 376 remotely-managed employees was used to test this model. The remainder of this paper is organized as follows.

  2. How businesses Work

    But if the tesco motivate their staff and offer good working place for all the staff then they would be keen to work. This helps the Tesco to achieve its aims. The overall purpose of the human resource function is to attract and retain good high quality staff.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work