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world development

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Functional Areas There are different functional areas or departments in a business to ensure everything runs efficiently. Even in small businesses different key tasks need to be done regularly this may be carried out by 2 or 3 different people doing various tasks or in a big business such as Tesco or Sainsbury one department may consist of up to several people. Functional areas also vary for different businesses such as retailer do not have the need for the production function. The purpose of having different functional areas are so that each one of them can be carried out efficiently it also helps them achieve their aims and objectives as different departments have different aims and objectives. There are many different departments or functional areas in a business they are: Administration - This department is a support function that is needed by all businesses, they carry out a wide range of tasks which can be simple like opening mail, filing documents and sending email and faxes but it also includes more original and flexible tasks, such as arranging travel or important events, from staff meetings to visits by foreign customers. Poor or sloppy administration can be disastrous for a company's image and reputation as mistakes such as a lost order, badly typed letter, important message that is not passed on or wrong date scheduled for a meeting can cause problems and may lose customers. A good administration department means that everything runs smoothly and managers can concentrate on the task of running the business. In a small organisation, an administrator is often a 'jack-of-all-trades' who can turn a hand to anything - from checking and paying invoices to keeping the firm's website up to date. In a larger firm administration may be carried out in every department, rather than just one. A sales administrator may make overseas travel arrangements whereas an administrator in human resources would arrange job interviews. ...read more.


Finally the overall main tasks carried out by the Sales department are: * Ordering (often buying) stocks of raw materials from approved suppliers * Storing and checking the stocks of raw materials * Planning production schedules to maximise machine capacity and staff levels * Producing or assembling the finished product * Checking the quality of the product throughout the production process * Checking production is on schedule and resolving delays or problems * Packing and storing the final products before distribution * Scheduling routine machinery inspections and maintenance * Carrying out repairs to machinery and equipment as required The Research and Development function (R&D) - This function involves new product development along with improvements to the product that they already sell in many businesses it includes product design as well. Improvements are made to existing product through market research and customer feedback, for example ring pull cans and memory sticks for computers. In this department new products are developed such as mobile phones and new drugs because of scientific and technological scientific advances. There are two types of research, Pure research which aims to helps us learn more about things like outer space and DNA, this kind of research is mainly carried out universities and scientific establishments where as Applied research is investigating how to improve products that are already out there such as non stick pans this research is done in business organisations. R & D staff aim to work with designers to create a usable product that can be manufactured at a reasonable cost, sold at a competitive price and is safe to use. For that reason, R & D attracts staffs who are very experienced in their own industry and also in their own field. Technological advances through R & D not only affect our lives but also the ways in which businesses operate. New developments in computer software and hardware have changed the way all departments create, store and share data and communicate with their customers; and new types of machinery and equipment have revolutionised many production processes. ...read more.


N/A Human Resources Greenpeace is constantly searching for new volunteers and aid workers. HR administers the most suitable candidates who have no ulterior motive and are not working for companies which compromise their aims. N/A ICT The ICT department manages systems, software and programming at Greenpeace without confronting the values that the organisation holds. The PCs they use do not contain atmosphere harming PVC( polyvinyl chloride) N/A Customer Services Greenpeace doesn't have a direct customer audience but rather aims to aid the people and wildlife who have been affected by climate change. They are introducing more tree planting and renewability schemes. N/A Finance The finance group at Green peace is administering individual donations and on grant supports which neither question aims nor integrity. The money is then used to purchase goods for a particular project. At the moment, Greenpeace has bought a plot of land originally designed for a new runway. N/A Research and development The Greenpeace research team have discovered the illegal scrapping and disguising of waste and are striving to reduce this toxic dumping N/A Marketing The marketing team at Greenpeace organise demonstrations and protests which outline Greenpeace aims and objectives in the most effective means possible. They believe that actions, improvements and changes portray a more powerful message. N/A Production The production team at Greenpeace, in accordance to its objectives, is researching alternative methods to factory and waste disposal. They have discovered new methods to making products which do not have a harsh impact on the Earth. N/A Operations The operations teams are consistently working to promote new, environmentally aware means of converting resources that are discovered by science and research. They do not use traditional factory methods to produce anything for Greenpeace. N/A Sales The Greenpeace business is a new channel which aims to sell time and knowledge to the public concerning environmental affairs. The sales team organise lectures and workshops to colleges, schools and workplaces in return for donations towards Greenpeace aims. N/A ...read more.

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