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GCSE: Classics

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  • Peer Reviewed essays 2
  1. To what extent are the traditions and values of the ancient Olympic Games reflected in those of today?

    In ancient Greece a winner's success was spread throughout the states, just as today success is published through media. "You must be an athlete-since nothing makes a man so famous during his lifetime as what he can achieve with his hands and feet." - Homer Odysseys. Even after the games were completed, the winners left their mark on the site. Olympic victors were allowed to erect a statue in the Altis. On the base of the statue were the names of the athlete, his father and his city, as well as the event in which he had triumphed.

    • Word count: 2604
  2. what was the purpose of hadrians wall.

    After the wall and its forts were built it also gave Hadrian's legions somewhere to live. What was the original plan and how did it change to what it's like today? Hadrian's Wall was a military barrier which, in its final form, comprised six separate elements; 1. A stone wall fronted by a V-shaped ditch. 2. A number of purpose-built stone garrison fortifications; Forts, Milecastles and Turrets. 3. A large earthwork and ditch, built parallel with and to the south of the Wall, known as the Vallum. 4. A metalled road linking the garrison forts, the 'Roman Military Way'.

    • Word count: 2198
  3. What was life like in the Roman Army and what made them successful?

    The period from 107 BC - 27 BC was known as the period of Marian reform. In this period, the Roman consul, Gaius Marius carried out a programme of reform in the Roman military, forming a structured, and extremely dangerous unstoppable force out of a feeble civilian army.. In 107 BC, all citizens, regardless of their wealth or social class, were made eligible for entry into the Roman army. Legionary infantry formed a homogeneous force of heavy infantry. These legionaries were picked from everyday citizen; by this time, Roman or Latin citizenship had been regionally expanded over much of ancient Italy.

    • Word count: 2188
  4. Latin Coursework Roman Culture

    The Roman Empire 100AD Wikipedia (c) (1) Many of Rome's greatest written works are either heavily influenced by, or directly copied from, myths or legends from other people and cultures. One of the most famous examples is Virgil's Aeneid, dedicated to the emperor Augustus, and telling the story of Aeneas, a Trojan fleeing from the destruction in his home city, who's destiny is to go on to found Rome. The story, which recounts Aeneas's many adventures on the way to founding Rome, clearly borrows it's hero and original storyline from that of Homer's 'Iliad' and the sequel 'The Odyssey'.

    • Word count: 2146
  5. child development coursework visit 1

    * A food activity- will help me observe his social development. It will consist of eating and drinking around a table with other people. This activity will help me see how his relationships are with other people. To see how well Harris is developing emotionally I will just see how Harris feels in the three activities. Whilst Harris is doing the jigsaw puzzle I will see how he feels before, after and whilst doing the jigsaw. The food activity will allow me to see if Harris is confident around other people or not and finally the ball game will help me see whether he feels any enjoyment and how he shows his emotion throughout the game.

    • Word count: 2123
  6. Existentialism in The Stranger

    Meursault refuses to spend the time and effort required in connecting these facts. This narrative effect can be seen from the opening passage, "Mother died today. Or maybe yesterday; I don't know. I had a telegram from the home: 'Mother passed away. Funeral tomorrow. Yours sincerely.' That doesn't mean anything. It may have been yesterday." Here, we see Meursault's shocking indifference to his mother's death and his event stating quality. He merely recounts the dubious facts of his mother's death as plainly as the telegram had stated it.

    • Word count: 2008
  7. HOW DOES SHAKESPEARE USE DRAMATIC DEVICES TO PREPARE THE READER FOR THE TRADEGY OF ROMEO AND JULIET IN ACT ONE SCENE FIVE?

    Love in Romeo and Juliet is a brutal, powerful emotion that captures individuals and catapults them against their world, and, at times, against themselves. The purpose of the prologue is to set the scene of Romeo and Juliet. It gives us information and depth about where the play is set and tells the audience exactly what is going to happen in the play. The prologue refers to an ill-fated couple with its use of the word 'star-crossed', which means, literally, against the stars.

    • Word count: 2710
  8. Was Britain Worth The Romans Invading?

    In fact, the Romans received a lot of money from the taxes and custom duties that merchants paid. The Romans also profited from the goods, like metal, that they could export and sell to other provinces. This may seem like an advantage, however, there wasn't much in Britain that wasn't already being provided elsewhere, and so the Empire did not benefit as much from British produce as would be expected. For example, tin that was mined in Britain was not easily sold, as there was already a supply from Iberia. However, the Romans did mine lots of metal, and other valuable materials in Britain.

    • Word count: 2900
  9. How Shakespeare creates dramatic events in Romeo and Juliet

    At the beginning of act 1, scene 5, the plot and events start very differently from the beginning of the play. In act 1 scene1 Romeo and others are absorbed into a chaotic fight which is due to the hate allocated between the Montague's, and the Capulet's. However this scene contrasts act 1 scene 5 in many ways which creates a dramatic effect. One of the main aspects of act1, scene 5 that allows dramatic things to persist is Capulet's opening speech.

    • Word count: 2018
  10. Describe the organisation and events of the Great Dionysia festival at Athens. To what extent do these reflect the religious importance the Athenians attached to this festival?

    Altogether, there was over one thousand choregoi: twenty lots of fifty for the dithyrambs, three lots of fifteen for the tragedies (each lot being for a single playwright), and five lots of twenty-four for the comedies. For the Greeks, religion was an everyday part of life, and the festival became a state affair, as can be seen through its name, 'City Dionysia'. However, the City Dionysia must have been a later religious invention than festivals such as the Lenaia, as it was run and organised by the Eponymous Archon, rather than the Basileus Archon, who organised the rest of the religious events.

    • Word count: 2179
  11. Classics - Notes on Acharnians

    o Regular sales talk and repeated phrases, i.e. "As a purely personal favour". o Real entrepreneur - thinks he can make money out of an informer. * Megarian is a stereotype impersonation of a type of person from a certain place. o Stereotyped for being desperate for food. o Decent guy; last thing he can do is sell daughters to help the rest of the family. Topical Allusions & Aristophanes' Agenda * 7 years of war... you think people would come running for any mention of peace (AA).

    • Word count: 2138
  12. This theme is prevalent in Maupassants stories which make us question if money is evil. Two stories related to this topic are The Jewels and Life in the Country.

    She takes a great liking to the youngest Tuvache boy, Charlot and soon becomes a daily visitor bringing 'treats' and talking to his parents. Soon Madame d'Hubi�res, who is childless and spoilt, asks to buy the boy. She is refused by the Tuvaches, so turns to the Vallin family, whose son Jean is Charlot's age. The Vallins accept the offer; Madame Tuvache is outraged and condemns the Vallins, telling everybody of their 'wrong-doing'. Jean Vallin returns aged 21, much to the bother of Charlot who leaves home screaming abuse at his devastated parents.

    • Word count: 2043
  13. How do Books 1 - 4 of the Odyssey prepare us for the introduction of the hero Odysseus in Book 5?

    All the Greek heroes except Odysseus have returned home. Odysseus pines on the remote island Ogygia with a goddess named Calypso. Calypso has fallen in love with Odysseus and refuses to let him go home. The narrator of the Odyssey raises the Muse, asking for inspiration as he prepares to tell the story of Odysseus. We glimpse Odysseus very vaguely in the first book. We get to know the situation that he is presently in. Athena describes this to us. In this speech he is described as "wise Odysseus" and being "unhappy."

    • Word count: 2302
  14. Form and Structure - Antigone

    In "Antigone" the contemporary issue is the Peloponnesian war which is mixed with Hubris and its effects on man. After the story was selected by the playwright it was then structured to form a play. A play would commence with the prologue: the background and story of the play are revealed to the audience. Ismene and Antigone introduce the background of "Antigone". Following the prologue is the parados which was a song performed by the chorus as they entered. In "Antigone" the chorus sing about the death of Polyneices and Etocles. An episode then takes place followed by a stasimon, alternation occurs this way until the end of the play.

    • Word count: 2283
  15. In What Circumstances did Greeks Come into

    Only in times of great battles would several cities join allegiance against a common enemy and once victory was achieved the alliance would be depleted2. Economic problems seem, from literary evidence3, to have affected many of the cities and each dealt with it differently. The larger states that were suffering from over population and therefore land hunger were more likely to send communities off to build a colony. Historians have looked at contemporary works together with the amount of archaeological grave evidence and have concluded that there was a population increase in the 8th and 7th centuries.

    • Word count: 2043
  16. 'Both Antigone and Creon deserve our sympathy'. Discuss.

    We quickly come to learn of the events that have passed between Antigone's brothers Eteocles and Polynices. Again, the audience feel it is unfair that Antigone has lost her loved ones, probably the only comfort in her life. Creon's harsh proclamation that Polynices' body be left unburied and untouched only adds to her discontent. However, Antigone demonstrates great strength of character in vowing to bury her brother, even though the penalty for doing so would be death. We feel a great deal of admiration for her courage and determination.

    • Word count: 2845
  17. Choose such a scene from 'Antigone' and explain what makes it dramatic.

    The chorus tells the audience what is going to happen, which is surprising. From this you know the fate of Antigone, from her actions of disregarding the state law. The story is told very factually and unemotionally. The contrast between what is being said and the way it looks from an audience�s point of view evokes emotion. This opening chorus speech alters the way of watching the play. It makes things inevitable, and you watch to see how things happen rather then what will happen. This creates suspense early on in the play, which is continued on throughout, until the fatal confrontation.

    • Word count: 2333
  18. 'Antigone' by Jean Anouilh.

    As the audience, we can only anticipate the most dramatic scene will therefore be the confrontation between these two characters when Antigone is arrested. In the opening tableau, the chorus notifies the audience of the fate of Antigone which is unusual as rather than waiting for the story to unfold, the audience can only await what they already know will happen. Rather than wanting to know what will happen next, the audience are more concerned with how something will happen due to the information delivered from the chorus.

    • Word count: 2000
  19. "Do you think that Euripides intended us to sympathise with Medea?"

    In the beginning of the play, our opinions of Medea are based on other people's opinions of the situation. Therefor we sympathise with whomever the people sympathise with. We hear the Nurse talking about how wronged Medea is and how horrible Jason has been to her, so we have no sympathy for Jason: " Since she first heard of Jason's wickedness." And we sympathise with Medea : " Poor Medea! ..." When we meet the Tutor he also has sympathy for Medea: " Poor women!

    • Word count: 2196
  20. "Jason is detestable - and uncomfortably like us. By contrast Medea, except that she is intensely a person in her own right, might be called Eros (love) incarnate, and because Love and Hate are closely allied, she has become Hate incarnate"

    In Medea's mind, what she does is not in the slightest bit immoral, but a just retaliation for a broken heart. Granted, the way in which she brings about this payback is hardly conceivable to a sane human mind, and not what one expects others to do, but on an emotional and moral scale, the fact that she destroys Jason's whole world in retaliation is understandable; to a passionate woman like Medea, love is an extremely powerful feeling, and Jason in a sense was her world and her whole life.

    • Word count: 2116
  21. A day at the amphitheatre

    When I was thirteen years old and starting to build muscle I wanted to be a gladiator, and trained extremely hard everyday to become an idolised hero. Even now I occasionally train at the Stabian Baths with some of my friends. For the past several months the walls of Pompeii have been flooded full of advertisements for the big day against our neighbouring city, Nuceria. People have been going crazy over this event, some would even come running into my families grocery screaming "its coming, its coming" and running out again.

    • Word count: 2428
  22. Write a diary from the point of view of Achilles' during the Trojan War

    Poor beggar: but life goes on. X Well the Old priest is obviously favoured by his god. No sooner had he left than the first of our animals and men became sick. They died within hours but not before they had managed to spread the disease round the camp; it?s as if the lord Apollo himself was raining arrows on our heads in vengeance for the disrespect of his priest. If that is so however, the archer lord can?t be a very good shot, as Agamemnon has not even felt the disease, nor has anyone close to him, though that may be because the arrows have bounced of his many layers of fat.

    • Word count: 2055
  23. Odysseus becomes a much wiser man throughout his epic journey

    The Cicones rally a force together and attack Odysseus and his men. Upon the attack Odysseus and his men must flee but they lose many men because they stayed to celebrate the victory. Odysseus? men cause the trouble they get in with the Cicones. Odysseus? man could have left after the victory over the Cicones and suffered no further casualties. Odysseus learns from this experience. This incident begins his transformation into a more controlled and humble hero. In Book 9 Odysseus lands on the island of the Cyclops. On his arrival to the island Odysseus and his men immediately find a cave filled with sheep and many crates of milk and cheese.

    • Word count: 2029
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GCSE Classics is a terrific way of studying the culture and history of the ancient civilisations. Both the Roman and the Greek worlds were fascinatingcivilisations with rich cultures and histories and this makes them really worthy of study. The subject is a kind of mixture between History, Literature and Religious Studies, but simply confined to those two ancient societies. What you'll cover precisely is determined by the exam board specification your teacher chooses for you but you may be studying subjects like the history of Rome and/or Sparta; you'll cover at least one major literary work from one of the eras like Homer's Odyssey or Oedipus, and you'll be considering the, sometimes extraordinary, values and attitudes of people in those societies.

The subject will give you a truly broad knowledge and improve your literacy and analytical skills too. Assessment is done by coursework and examination and Marked by Teachers has a range of essays in the Classics at GCSE level which you can access and really gain an insight into what examiners are looking for.

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Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • To what extent is it appropriate to describe 5th century Athenian men as sexist?

    "To conclude, I think that 5th century Athenian men were much more sexist in their views and opinions on how women should be treated and what their rights and responsibilities were than today, but partly because of their traditions and what they were brought up to believe. It seems that both men and women were happy with this lifestyle and did not have to change things, as the way they were living seemed to work for them - no one rebelled and everyone got on with life, carrying on the oikos and enjoying each others' presence at the same time."

  • Discuss examples of metamorphosis in Greek Mythology and analyze the reasons why metamorphosis is inevitable in the mythology.

    "In conclusion, using the method of metamorphosis is an unavoidable way in the mythology. The concept of eternalization is expressed by metamorphosis, a symbol of rebirth from destruction. Furthermore, out of people's imagination, those who undertake metamorphosis are the gods. Their divine intervention usually leads to the character's metamorphosis and the elucidation of natural phenomena, a core factor of the mythological stories."

  • Discuss one literary work from the Middle Ages and another from the Renaissance to discuss the concept of chivalry and the evolution of this concept.

    "The chivalric concept n the Song of Roland and Orlando Furioso differ from each other due to the decisive keyword "Humanism." The ideal medieval knight is expected to possess his fame, loyalty, and devotion to God or his king because the Christian Church plays a significant role in the medieval culture; nonetheless, a common person (even not a knight) -in which Renaissance men-centered spirit is exemplified-concerns his/her own interest, value, sense, and so on owing to the idea of Humanity advocating a new position God and mankind. To sum up, the concept of chivalry in the Middle Ages is theocentric while that in the Renaissance is anthropocentric."

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