• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Albert Camus created Meursault as the protagonist of The Outsider in order to illustrate the condemnation of a character who refuses to lie even to save himself.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

D 0998 039 Jackie Porter Albert Camus created Meursault as the protagonist of The Outsider in order to illustrate the condemnation of a character who refuses to lie even to save himself. Likewise, Jean Anouilh creates Antigone as a classic hero who also refuses to lie, but Meursault of The Outsider and the main character Antigone of Antigone are extremely different characters living in very different societies. However, each made the courageous choice to follow their unique and apparent non-conformist set of beliefs, thereby presenting an unwanted challenge to their repressive societies, and ultimately resulting in their heroic deaths. In order to effectively reveal that nonconformity is unacceptable in society, Camus creates an ordeal that Meursault must overcome. Thus, Camus demonstrates the reality of society's outrageous condemnation of those who refuse to conform. Unlike Antigone whose set of morals and beliefs are apparent through her actions at the beginning of the play, Meursault appears to be a degenerate person at the beginning of The Outsider. He does not grieve at his mother's funeral, smokes a cigarette and drinks coffee beside her coffin, and sleeps with a new girlfriend the day of her funeral, he does not express any condemnation towards the way that Salamano treats his dog, or the way that Raymond treats his mistress. ...read more.

Middle

He believes that even these liars 'would be condemned one day.'6 Finally, we understand that the foundation of Meursault's beliefs rests with the very fact that since everyone has 'got to die, it obviously doesn't matter where or when'7 and they might as well follow their beliefs and be happy. Even in prison awaiting his execution, Meursault is able to develop a form of optimism without hope, and die realizing 'I'd been happy, and that I was still happy.'8 D 0998 039 Unlike Camus initial presentation of Meursault, the readers learn about Antigone's belief of loving her family above all else immediately from the argument between Antigone and Ismene. Anouilh presents Antigone as the classic hero who values her duty to her family more than the law, and more than her own life. Even though Antigone knows she is giving up an easy life with Haemon she knows that she must remain true to herself and her beliefs, and she must not allow herself to be swayed by luxuries. It is also quite clear that she knows she is fated to die and the readers are reminded of it constantly throughout the text. ...read more.

Conclusion

Smile at? Sell herself to?'14 Antigone would rather die that be one of the 'craven candidates for happiness.'15 Meursault feels the same way about the truth as he too would rather die than lie. Since she is true to herself rather than the law of Creon, she too is condemned to die. In conclusion, by observing nonconformists like Antigone and Meursault struggle 'to preserve their integrity in a world which is mean, ugly and corrupt'16 we are consistently reminded that, despite the ceaseless demands of society, and in order to be happy, one must remain true to his of her self and his or her beliefs. We become tremendously aware that a society which demands deception, deceit, and uniformity in order to survive is far from perfect, and we must never forget the pure integrity of truth, individualism, love and wisdom. 1 Outsider, 99 2 Outsider, 98 3 Outsider, 115. 4 Outsider, 115 5 Outsider, 112 6 Outsider, 116 7 Outsider, 109 8 Outsider, 117 9 Antigone, 87. 10 Antigone, 42 11 Outsider, 118 12 Antigone, 32. 13 Antigone, 46. 14 Antigone, 47. 15 Anigone, 47. 16 Anouilh Jean, Antigone (United Kingdom: Methuen Publishing Ltd, 2000), pg. xxv. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Classics essays

  1. Despite their differences in character, Antigone and Miss Julie encounter the same fate.

    "I intend to give. ... God commands."9 She accepts her punishment on the way to win the goodwill of the gods and to uphold her own sanity. In the occasion that she failed to proceed, the shame caused would be intolerable above all believing that her deceased brother would under no circumstances be at rest.

  2. Science case study

    For and Against comparison As you can see from looking at my FOR and AGAINST table, there are more points for the smoking ban than AGAINST it. Using the different points on my table I will now compare them and say whether my FOR and against table is arguing more for the ban or against the ban.

  1. Siddhartha Character analysis

    b) Govinda: Govinda is also on the journey to find enlightenment, but unlike Siddhartha, he does not question teachings or go off on his own path. For example, though Siddhartha says he has lost his faith in teachers, Govinda is excited at the chance to follow Gotama.

  2. Who is the Tragic Hero and Why? (Antigone)

    Show me the man who keeps his house in hand. He's fit for public authority"(Scene 3, Line 30) Creon's unyielding pride leads him to have strong beliefs. Creon prioritizes the order of law in Thebes before his family, because civil obedience of citizens is necessary, where laws are made, and enforced, without any exception to family.

  1. Throughout the play 'Antigone' there is a constant emphasis on the use and abuse ...

    he decides to undo all the wrong that he has done by quickly building a tomb for the body of Polynices and also by freeing Antigone from the vault where she was taken to die. He went first to Polynices and then went to Antigone.

  2. 'Antigone' by Jean Anouilh.

    You must know that I will do it all over again tonight", proving to be consistently unashamed of her burying her brother against her uncle's will and is adamant that her brother will be buried despite the consequences, displaying her headstrong belief in dying for what she believes in.

  1. Medea - A study of the character of Jason.

    As Aristotle said, the tragic hero is one who is like us, and Furgeson says that 'Jason is detestable, and uncomfortably like us'. So using a syllogistical form of reasoning, Jason is a true tragic hero. Thus it is too easy to dislike him, for it is dismissing everything that

  2. Antigone is an outstanding example of someone who did what she thought was right, ...

    Characterizations incongruity between the way characters see themselves or pretend to be, as opposed to the way they really are lot complications -- especially in farce coincidences -- mistaken identities -- Comedy of Errors, The School for Scandal Shakespeare -- uses comedy in tragedy and tragedy in comedy and different

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work