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Antigone is an outstanding example of someone who did what she thought was right, while she was among fools, many hardships, and people who were discouragingly uncourageous - Discuss the character.

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Drama * Discuss the characteristics of drama. * Summarize the origins of drama. * Characterize three forms of drama: tragedy, comedy, tragi-comedy. * Describe the elements of drama: plot, character, diction and speech, thought, song and spectacle. Shakespearean Tragedy * Describe the architectural features of Greek amphitheatres and English Renaissance theatres. * Describe the features of Elizabethan drama. * Analyse the significance of setting in Othello. * Analyse the function of character in Othello. * Determine the important image patterns in Othello. * Show the ways in which the metre and the poetic devices help to convey feelings and ideas in Shakespeare's verse. * Determine the characteristics of Othello as a tragedy. According to the Bible, after Jesus was arrested by religious leaders, the apostles, his closest followers, fled his side. The apostle Peter was later recognized as one of Jesus' companions by the people who helped arrest him. Peter, however, denied even knowing Jesus three times. Peter believed that, should he remain faithful, he would be granted eternal life by God, and he knew that denying Jesus was a grave sin. However, his fear of his accusers caused him to err, and to stray from what he believed to be right. Today, many of us have been told to "do what you believe is right, no matter what the cost." However, human weakness often causes one to falter, as Peter did, in an attempt to protect oneself. While many people advise others with the aforementioned motto, few will use it to the extent that is insisted upon in Antigone, the extent to which the apostle Peter should have applied it. Antigone is an outstanding example of someone who did what she thought was right, while she was among fools, many hardships, and people who were discouragingly uncourageous. Although we may not defend the self-sacrificial actions of Antigone, or may not have the strength to do something similar, we should follow principle behind her actions. ...read more.


The second student focused on the warning about the conflict between human and divine law and its relevance to Creon's actions. Many other approaches would have worked, but any approach needs to be grounded in an accurate recollection of the key points of the Ode. Some students spoke more effectively of how the imagery of dominance over nature was applied to Antigone; others talked about the warning about death had relevance to Creon's ill-conceived attempt to make laws about the dead; others were more precise in describing and interpreting the dramatic context of the Ode, sung just before the captured Antigone is brought before Creon.] Types of Drama / Plays: Comedy "Komos" -- Greek -- revelry at end of comedies based on some deviation from normality in action, character, thought, or speech "in fun" (tho' can still have serious purpose) Henri Bergson (1917) "On Laughter." -- "anesthesia of the heart" --audiences view objectively -- the banana peel fall is funny, as long as it is not us and if not hurt (cartoons). Aristotle's book of comedy, if there was one ever, is not extant. In tragedy, people are better than they really are; in comedy, people are worse that they really are. Often: if a happy ending, therefore a comedy. A kind of catharsis through laughter and amusement -- helps remind us of our frailties and helps keep us sane. Wilson, p. 200 -- Characteristics of comedy -- a way of looking at the world in which basic values are asserted but natural laws suspended -- to underscore human follies and foolishness -- sometimes wry, rueful, hilarious. * suspension of natural laws * contrast between social order and individual * comic premise: the idea or concept that turns the accepted notion of things upside down and makes it the basis of the play -- provides structural and thematic unity and can be a springboard for comic dialog, characters, and situations. ...read more.


In Act 2, scene 4, Ross and an old man exchange accounts of the disturbed night and the recent unnatural happenings. Hours seemed dreadful and things strange. The heavens and animals are troubled by man's presence on earth's stage, where he performs his bloody acts. The night has been unruly, houses and chimneys were being destroyed by fierceful winds, and everything was filled with "dire combustion." The indistinguishable bird of darkness, the owl, clamored the night. "A falcon, tow'ring in her pride of place, was by a mousing owl, whose normal prey is a mouse. The night has become more powerful than the day or else the day is hiding its face in shame. Also, Macbeth's horses, the choicest examples of their breed, turned feral, as they broke their stalls, and were said to have eaten each other. Horses do not each other. Bizarre events occured the night Duncan was murdered by Macbeth. These dreadful events took place at night, a symbolic reference to the evil doings of men. There is a sense of fear, wonderment, amazement, and mystery. An atmosphere of death is symbolized by the behavior of the animals of the night. "The raven himself is hoarse that croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan under my battlements." In Act I, scene 5, Lady Macbeth has already planned the assassination. The raven, a symbol of death, announces the arrival of death for Macbeth with a voice hoarser than ususal. Duncan's entrance is fatal, he will die "under her battlements." The reader realizes the working of Lady Macbeth's mind and how she plans to kill Duncan. King Duncan will not leave the castle alive. the words "fatal entrance" contradict Duncan's lines as he enters the castle, "this castle hath a pleasant seat." The raven, a bird of demise, represents Duncan's doom. William Shakespeare wisely applies the imagery of animals throughout the play. Many of the images relate to symbolism. Thus, the owl and the raven are animals of the night, and symbolize doom. ...read more.

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