• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9

Classics - Notes on Acharnians

Extracts from this document...


The Acharnians Satire & Impersonation * Ambassadors are mocked. o Almighty boasting. o "Strut" in. o Peacock feathers. * Ambassadors exaggerate journey. o Further mocked by Dikaiopolis' snide, sarcastic comments. * Ambassador of Persia is a liar. o Pseudo-Persian. o Tries to fool people at assembly. * Theoros the diplomat. o Promise of great army, weak army comes. o Exaggerated story. o Useless to Athens, like the ambassador. * Euripides. o Writing plays in the bath - eccentric. o Euripides is made to look amusing, but is a liked character as he is kind and generous to the hero. o Over-dramatic about his loss - he has only lost a few costume parts. o Stuck in his own genre - speaks in tragic verse most of the time. o Even his slave speaks tragically. * Lamachos. o A real general, so audience immediately expects exaggerated characteristics and stereotyping. o (See character notes). * Boetian stereotype. o Wide boy, businessman. o Likes to be entertained and the centre of attention. o Attracts attention to himself, i.e. with musicians. o He is a social chameleon; he thanks Dikaiopolis for ridding of the musicians, where he requested the song in the first place! o Regular sales talk and repeated phrases, i.e. ...read more.


* Tragic rhyming verse mocks tragic speech. * Mocking of philosophers for talking oddly. * "Don't your ideas get wet?" - Euripides in the bath. * Euripides is very serious. * After a big build-up that leads one to expect that Euripides can only speak in tragic verse, he speaks totally normally. * "Playwrights are a stingy lot". o Mocks all playwrights, including self. o Self-deprecating. * Overly grand and pretentious way of speaking from Lamachos. * Pretending to be frightened by Lamachos. * Pun/word play - "great crested brag". * Chorus' parabasis in which they set up Aristophanes as the great hero that will save Athens. * Valetudinarian Megarian - pun ... valetudinarian is somebody who is always ill. * Calling whips market officials is amusing, as whips are inanimate objects. * Boetian claims to be exhausted, but is carrying nothing. * 'Wasps' 'Wheezing bag pipers' - shooing the musicians away as if they were insects. * 'Only like classical music' - despite requesting this 'popular rubbish'. * 'Oink-oink' - piglet sounds. * Hostile lamp-wicks. o Lamp-wicks are inanimate - they can't be hostile! This is a humorous false charge. * Wrap yourself in gorgon? Keep warm? * Tragic messenger speech - amusing change of style. The content of the speech is totally nonsensical: o Twists ankle. ...read more.


* Dikaiopolis holds Lakretides hostage. * Dikaiopolis promises to make a tragic speech in tragic costume. * To get this costume, he must visit Euripides. * Dikaiopolis persuades Euripides to give him many 'tragic' items. * Dikaiopolis makes a big speech that shows Aristophanes' agenda. * Dikastes agrees with Dikaiopolis, but Polypragmon disagrees. Polypragmon summons Lamachos to help him. * Dikaiopolis pretends to be afraid of Lamachos, to which Lamachos is flattered. * Dikaiopolis offends Lamachos. Lamachos then storms off saying he is going to terrorise the Megarians. * The parabasis follows where the chorus remind the audience of Aristophanes and how he is a great playwright. Scene Three Dikaiopolis Megarian Daughters Nikarchos Boetian Ismenias Musicians * Dikaiopolis opens his market. * A Megarian enters, attempting to sell his daughters for food. Dikaiopolis catches on, however, and sends the Megarian away with some goods. * Nikarchos claims he will report the Megarian to the authorities, but Dikaiopolis chases him off. * A Boetian also successfully trades with Dikaiopolis, receiving an Athenian informer for some Copaic eels. Scene Four Herald Dikaiopolis Lamachos Chorus Slave * Lamachos is called from his house to prepare for war. * Dikaiopolis is called from his house to prepare for a drinking contest. * Lamachos returns from war badly injured - a pure accident and self-inflicted injury, however! * Dikaiopolis returns from the drinking contest with dancing girls. * The play ends with Dikaiopolis making a closing speech. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Classics essays

  1. A high proportion of the most dramatic scenes in the plays of all ages ...

    When Antigone declines this offer, the audience recognises a feeling of frustration wishing that Antigone would concede to Creon's arrangements and there is no clue at this point as to why she is not wanting to be excused of her imminent punishment.

  2. "Do you think that Euripides intended us to sympathise with Medea?"

    I don't think that this is a good enough reason to kill your children, even if it is also to punish Jason. We lose sympathy with Medea here. She also plans to kill Creons daughter in a terrible way: " If she takes and puts on this finery, both she And all who touch her will expire in agony."

  1. Describe the organisation and events of the Great Dionysia festival at Athens. To what ...

    Pausanias 1.38.8 "At Eleutherae, in the fields, there is a shrine of Dionysus; the old wooden statue was taken from here to Athens, the one there at Eleutherae now is an imitation." The statue of Dionysus was taken from Eleutherae to Athens, at the beginning of the festival.

  2. Who made the greatest contribution to the Athenian Constitution?

    The judging of the Dionysia ensured victory through justice, rather than favouritism, and it is this that shows my contribution to Athenian democracy. A list of nominees for judging would be drawn up from each of the ten tribes, and their names written on ballots which were then placed in ten large urns in the Acropolis.

  1. What was life like in the Roman Army and what made them successful?

    The Roman writer, Ammianus Marcellinus, wrote this about how the Onager was structured and worked: The onager's framework is made out of two beams from oak, which curve into humps. In the middle they have quite large holes in them, in which strong sinew ropes are stretched and twisted.

  2. Research into businesses involving food, clothes or hairdressing.

    Partnerships are very easy to set up and the money is generally provided by the partner's. The money is normally shared between the partners. This type of business is very easy to set up and is always larger than a sole trader.

  1. Alexander the Great: Battle of Gaugamela

    The infantry were all told to break ranks and create corridors for the chariots and elephants to pass directly through hoping that no infantry would be injured, this meant that then the infantry could then quickly press forward before

  2. Multiple choice questions from The Crucible.

    They say he give them but two words. "More weight," he says. And died. G. Character H. Context I. Significance 16. John, it come to naught that I should forgive you, if you'll not forgive yourself. It is not my soul, John, it is yours.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work