• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9

Classics - Notes on Acharnians

Extracts from this document...


The Acharnians Satire & Impersonation * Ambassadors are mocked. o Almighty boasting. o "Strut" in. o Peacock feathers. * Ambassadors exaggerate journey. o Further mocked by Dikaiopolis' snide, sarcastic comments. * Ambassador of Persia is a liar. o Pseudo-Persian. o Tries to fool people at assembly. * Theoros the diplomat. o Promise of great army, weak army comes. o Exaggerated story. o Useless to Athens, like the ambassador. * Euripides. o Writing plays in the bath - eccentric. o Euripides is made to look amusing, but is a liked character as he is kind and generous to the hero. o Over-dramatic about his loss - he has only lost a few costume parts. o Stuck in his own genre - speaks in tragic verse most of the time. o Even his slave speaks tragically. * Lamachos. o A real general, so audience immediately expects exaggerated characteristics and stereotyping. o (See character notes). * Boetian stereotype. o Wide boy, businessman. o Likes to be entertained and the centre of attention. o Attracts attention to himself, i.e. with musicians. o He is a social chameleon; he thanks Dikaiopolis for ridding of the musicians, where he requested the song in the first place! o Regular sales talk and repeated phrases, i.e. ...read more.


* Tragic rhyming verse mocks tragic speech. * Mocking of philosophers for talking oddly. * "Don't your ideas get wet?" - Euripides in the bath. * Euripides is very serious. * After a big build-up that leads one to expect that Euripides can only speak in tragic verse, he speaks totally normally. * "Playwrights are a stingy lot". o Mocks all playwrights, including self. o Self-deprecating. * Overly grand and pretentious way of speaking from Lamachos. * Pretending to be frightened by Lamachos. * Pun/word play - "great crested brag". * Chorus' parabasis in which they set up Aristophanes as the great hero that will save Athens. * Valetudinarian Megarian - pun ... valetudinarian is somebody who is always ill. * Calling whips market officials is amusing, as whips are inanimate objects. * Boetian claims to be exhausted, but is carrying nothing. * 'Wasps' 'Wheezing bag pipers' - shooing the musicians away as if they were insects. * 'Only like classical music' - despite requesting this 'popular rubbish'. * 'Oink-oink' - piglet sounds. * Hostile lamp-wicks. o Lamp-wicks are inanimate - they can't be hostile! This is a humorous false charge. * Wrap yourself in gorgon? Keep warm? * Tragic messenger speech - amusing change of style. The content of the speech is totally nonsensical: o Twists ankle. ...read more.


* Dikaiopolis holds Lakretides hostage. * Dikaiopolis promises to make a tragic speech in tragic costume. * To get this costume, he must visit Euripides. * Dikaiopolis persuades Euripides to give him many 'tragic' items. * Dikaiopolis makes a big speech that shows Aristophanes' agenda. * Dikastes agrees with Dikaiopolis, but Polypragmon disagrees. Polypragmon summons Lamachos to help him. * Dikaiopolis pretends to be afraid of Lamachos, to which Lamachos is flattered. * Dikaiopolis offends Lamachos. Lamachos then storms off saying he is going to terrorise the Megarians. * The parabasis follows where the chorus remind the audience of Aristophanes and how he is a great playwright. Scene Three Dikaiopolis Megarian Daughters Nikarchos Boetian Ismenias Musicians * Dikaiopolis opens his market. * A Megarian enters, attempting to sell his daughters for food. Dikaiopolis catches on, however, and sends the Megarian away with some goods. * Nikarchos claims he will report the Megarian to the authorities, but Dikaiopolis chases him off. * A Boetian also successfully trades with Dikaiopolis, receiving an Athenian informer for some Copaic eels. Scene Four Herald Dikaiopolis Lamachos Chorus Slave * Lamachos is called from his house to prepare for war. * Dikaiopolis is called from his house to prepare for a drinking contest. * Lamachos returns from war badly injured - a pure accident and self-inflicted injury, however! * Dikaiopolis returns from the drinking contest with dancing girls. * The play ends with Dikaiopolis making a closing speech. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Classics essays

  1. A high proportion of the most dramatic scenes in the plays of all ages ...

    When Antigone declines this offer, the audience recognises a feeling of frustration wishing that Antigone would concede to Creon's arrangements and there is no clue at this point as to why she is not wanting to be excused of her imminent punishment.

  2. "Do you think that Euripides intended us to sympathise with Medea?"

    what she is thinking and gets him to take the boys to deliver the gifts. Although we do not like Jason, we feel sorry for him, because he is totally taken in to thinking that Medea has sorted out her emotions and has forgiven him. Our sympathy lies with him.

  1. Medea by Euripides - review

    Jason's opportunistic attitude to marriage as a practical convenience to help him to gain his ambitions. Also at the beginning, the Chorus, Tutor and Nurse all sympathise with Medea and disapprove of Jason. We see Medea's capability of manipulating others in her entrance speech.

  2. Medea - Euripides lived during the Golden Age of Athens, the city where he ...

    The play charts Medea's emotional transformation, a progression from suicidal despair to sadistic fury. She eventually avenges Jason's betrayal with a series of murders, concluding with the deaths of her own children. Famously, the pleasure of watching Jason suffer their loss outweighed her own remorse at killing them.

  1. What was life like in the Roman Army and what made them successful?

    A long arm is then inserted between the bundles of rope; at its end it has a pin and a pouch. It strikes on a huge buffer with a sack stuffed with fine chaff and secured by tight binding. When it comes to combat, a round stone (often clay balls

  2. Science case study

    Smoking a cigarette means you take in tar which destroy the cilia, the tiny hairs that keep your lungs clean. When you smoke a cigarette, you smoke in tar. Tar causes the cilia in your lungs to be stickier which means that the cilia won't be able to do their

  1. Sophocles - The Theban Plays.

    Numerous other character weaknesses of Creon begin to present themselves throughout the three plays. Creon is seen as compassionate in 'King Oedipus', as is there evidence of his pity towards Oedipus: 'I had brought them to you. I knew how much you loved them - how you love them still.'

  2. The Odyssey Chapter Summaries. Books 5 to 12

    When Polyphemus returns, Odysseus gets him drunk on wine that he brought along from the ship. Polyphemus asks Odysseus his name. Odysseus replies that his name is "Nobody" As soon as Polyphemus collapses drunk, Odysseus and a group of his men drive the red-hot staff into his eye.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work