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How does the divine power play different roles in Agamemnon, Oedipus the King and Medea? How does this change of the divine influence on human being reveal the evolution of human civilization?

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Introduction

The role of the divine power in the three plays changes evidently. First, in Agamemnon, Zeus' divine power is shown clearly by the characters such as the chorus singing for his net (justice) and Clytemnestra praying to him for her right vengeance. Therefore, we can say Zeus' will of justice is omnipresent and followed by all characters; put differently, the divine intervention here has very strong impact on humans. ...read more.

Middle

We see only twice that the Delphic oracle foretells Oedipus' fate. In fact, Sophocles seems to present human intelligence of Athenians without the interference of the gods; for example, Oedipus probes for truth by using his human reason step by step. Therefore, we can say the gods in the play are silent and indifferent. ...read more.

Conclusion

From Agamemnon to Oedipus the King, we see the divine power declining but more human sentience shining, that is, not totally obedient to the gods anymore, people start searching self-knowledge. That is a sign of civilization. From Oedipus the King to Medea, we see less and less divine power running but more personal emotions and inner motives arising. All in all, the more human consciousness or reason people show, the more civilized they are. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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