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'How does the playwrite create and maintain the dramatic force of the play?'

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Introduction

'How does the playwrite create and maintain the dramatic force of the play?' 'The mighty words of the proud are paid in full with mighty blows of fate, and at long those blows will teach us wisdom' Essentially, one of several dramatic force of the play Antigone is built and maintained through pride, excessive pride and hubris within the characters of Antigone and Creon has led them to fall great lengths, resulting in a tragedy. Both Antigone and Creon are incredibly proud, making it impossible for either one of them to back down once they have taken a stand. Pride is part of what makes Antigone heroic in the Greek sense. Ultimately, the whole play is based on Antigone's struggle against Creon's edict, the confrontation between an individual and the state; Antigone's struggle against the decree underlines the fact that the power of conscience is very often above and more powerful than the law; shown by the fact that Antigone sticks to her ideals even before the face of death for 'that death will be a glory'. Antigone's heroic qualities of excessive pride, only dieing with glory and honor helps create the dramatic force. Conversely, Antigone's struggle against Creon shows the struggle between democracy and autocracy. Creon's attempts to establish autocracy to maintain order and stability, but with Antigone it has turned out to be a tyranny. ...read more.

Middle

The playwrite effectively uses stichomythia to create tension (in lines 560-590) during Antigone's and Creon's verbal tussle as it showed uncertainty and power struggle which is one of the underlying theme of this play, as well as the universal theme for all mankind. Antigone and Creon both exchange short phrases to try to assert control over one another, and the fact that neither one of them is able to have long speeches shows the loss of control. In the play Antigone the Chorus also plays a large role in maintaining dramatic force as the Chorus is omniscient and acts like the narrator as it assumes different roles at different times (necessary for the development of tragedy) and provides a contrast to central figures. The choral song (stasima) serves as interludes as well as commentaries to create mood and foreshadows the downfall of those who have excessive pride, therefore maintains dramatic conflict. In addition, the Chorus is used to provide graphical images of battles as death and violence was 'obscene' in Greek plays. The Chorus comforts Antigone as she leaves for her execution and reassures her that her death will bring her great honor. Moreover, the use of dramatic irony helps heighten the effect of tragedy in the play, for example, Antigone's idea of noble death. ...read more.

Conclusion

He paid a heavy price for his rashness, perhaps tragedy lies in the fact that realization (anagnorisis) came too late for Creon. All tragic heroes must die in their struggle for their ideal, even when they know their flaws, they keep on struggling. Tragedy illuminates the limitations of life and the ultimate failure (death), and the use of elevated language such as hyperbole helps bring out the element of tragedy within the play. Overall, dramatic force is maintained by different conflicts. The moral of this play is that everybody should have a balance of everything, religion and rational behavior is essential for a man. For Creon, pride has only brought him disaster, yet, without pride he would have not have been a hero in terms of the Greek as pride gives heroic qualities. Lastly, we learn from this play that nothing can control fate and destiny, we should accept who we are and be content with what we are given for the struggle against fate (as shown in this play, the characters are not in control of their lives) is useless because those who are in a battle against fate and destiny are 'off on a hopeless quest'. 1 The Greeks often believed that when people die they will go to the underworld, explaining why burial is essential in the Greek custom as without burial the spirit will not be able to visit the underworld but are only left in a state of limbo. Page 1 Taveephol Chardtumrong 12J ...read more.

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