• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'How does the playwrite create and maintain the dramatic force of the play?'

Extracts from this document...


'How does the playwrite create and maintain the dramatic force of the play?' 'The mighty words of the proud are paid in full with mighty blows of fate, and at long those blows will teach us wisdom' Essentially, one of several dramatic force of the play Antigone is built and maintained through pride, excessive pride and hubris within the characters of Antigone and Creon has led them to fall great lengths, resulting in a tragedy. Both Antigone and Creon are incredibly proud, making it impossible for either one of them to back down once they have taken a stand. Pride is part of what makes Antigone heroic in the Greek sense. Ultimately, the whole play is based on Antigone's struggle against Creon's edict, the confrontation between an individual and the state; Antigone's struggle against the decree underlines the fact that the power of conscience is very often above and more powerful than the law; shown by the fact that Antigone sticks to her ideals even before the face of death for 'that death will be a glory'. Antigone's heroic qualities of excessive pride, only dieing with glory and honor helps create the dramatic force. Conversely, Antigone's struggle against Creon shows the struggle between democracy and autocracy. Creon's attempts to establish autocracy to maintain order and stability, but with Antigone it has turned out to be a tyranny. ...read more.


The playwrite effectively uses stichomythia to create tension (in lines 560-590) during Antigone's and Creon's verbal tussle as it showed uncertainty and power struggle which is one of the underlying theme of this play, as well as the universal theme for all mankind. Antigone and Creon both exchange short phrases to try to assert control over one another, and the fact that neither one of them is able to have long speeches shows the loss of control. In the play Antigone the Chorus also plays a large role in maintaining dramatic force as the Chorus is omniscient and acts like the narrator as it assumes different roles at different times (necessary for the development of tragedy) and provides a contrast to central figures. The choral song (stasima) serves as interludes as well as commentaries to create mood and foreshadows the downfall of those who have excessive pride, therefore maintains dramatic conflict. In addition, the Chorus is used to provide graphical images of battles as death and violence was 'obscene' in Greek plays. The Chorus comforts Antigone as she leaves for her execution and reassures her that her death will bring her great honor. Moreover, the use of dramatic irony helps heighten the effect of tragedy in the play, for example, Antigone's idea of noble death. ...read more.


He paid a heavy price for his rashness, perhaps tragedy lies in the fact that realization (anagnorisis) came too late for Creon. All tragic heroes must die in their struggle for their ideal, even when they know their flaws, they keep on struggling. Tragedy illuminates the limitations of life and the ultimate failure (death), and the use of elevated language such as hyperbole helps bring out the element of tragedy within the play. Overall, dramatic force is maintained by different conflicts. The moral of this play is that everybody should have a balance of everything, religion and rational behavior is essential for a man. For Creon, pride has only brought him disaster, yet, without pride he would have not have been a hero in terms of the Greek as pride gives heroic qualities. Lastly, we learn from this play that nothing can control fate and destiny, we should accept who we are and be content with what we are given for the struggle against fate (as shown in this play, the characters are not in control of their lives) is useless because those who are in a battle against fate and destiny are 'off on a hopeless quest'. 1 The Greeks often believed that when people die they will go to the underworld, explaining why burial is essential in the Greek custom as without burial the spirit will not be able to visit the underworld but are only left in a state of limbo. Page 1 Taveephol Chardtumrong 12J ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Classics essays

  1. child development coursework visit 1

    fuss and I put the pieces of fruit on his plate he first looked at the fruit in a strange way as if it was alien to him. Harris did not like the sour fruits such as the oranges and kiwi but he did enjoy the banana and apples.

  2. 'How would you perform the role of Antigone in her final appearance of the ...

    The lighting upon them shall be dipped and a single spotlight will appear on Antigone. The chorus will be split into four groups of four, so not to clutter the stage but give the impression of crowds gathering. They would sit on tiered levels above Antigone to give the impression of her walking through a valley.

  1. Despite their differences in character, Antigone and Miss Julie encounter the same fate.

    The Chorus desolately notices that in his engagement, Haemon has earned the characteristic of dying a premature death.

  2. Who is the Tragic Hero and Why? (Antigone)

    That is what they say, and our good Creon is coming here to announce It publicly: and the penalty-stoning to death in the public square!" (Prologue, Line 14). This quote is a conversation between the two sisters Antigone and Ismene.

  1. Alexander the Great: Battle of Gaugamela

    Darius' left wing and center were still intact, and both parties would have had most likely equal chances if he could secure the gap in the left of the center, and pull together his right wing again. The result of the battle might have been entirely different if the Persians had a more firm, determined and brave king.

  2. Throughout the play 'Antigone' there is a constant emphasis on the use and abuse ...

    He does not believe that it is his own niece who has gone against him. He treats his family like "subordinates": in fact, on one occasion he uses the Greek word for 'slave' when speaking of them. When he is confronted by Haemon he asks him for his support.

  1. Alexander The Great - Analysis of the Film

    It was now summer and so there was a great water problem . Alexander was forced to give the army wine to drink instead but the after effect was almost fatal for the whole army had a hangover the next day .

  2. What can we learn from ancient sources about the role of Greek women in ...

    But if she doesn't, then death would be better for her." This is similar to some peoples attitudes today (divorce being a last resort). Although Roman Catholics condemn the idea of divorce and state that a marriage may only be annulled, Christian denominations such as the Church of England allow

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work