• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Jean Anouilh ends his play Antigone differently than the "original" Antigone which was written by Sophocles.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Jean Anouilh ends his play Antigone differently than the "original" Antigone which was written by Sophocles. The conclusions, influenced by each author's separate themes, were structured to placate the different societies of the time. Sophocles wrote Antigone as a continuation of Oedipus Rex, inspired from the early Mesopotamian society. In turn, Anouilh adapted Antigone during World War II as a form of protest to the Nazis occupation of mainland Europe. Although each playwright's motivation was different, and both Antigones served different purposes in their respective societies, the question that both plays ask is the same: Is man's law more important then gods' law? The intent of this paper is to explore how this question, as well as two other themes, influence the conclusion of Sophocles' and Anouilh's Antigone. The issue of whether or not man's law is more important then gods' law is a debate that many philosophers and writers have struggled with for centuries. This issue is raised in both versions of Antigone as it develops into the central theme, but the characters also undertake the role of expressing each playwright's answer. ...read more.

Middle

This scene is significant because it displays how Creon sets himself apart from society; he views himself above it. If he were part of society, he would have the same opinion as the Thebians do, which, consequently, does not work to Antigone's advantage. Finally there is the act of burial by Antigone which defies her society. Antigone does not view what she has done as a crime, but rather as an act the gods wanted her to carry out. However, Creon argues: 3 She is the only one that I have found In all the city disobedient (Sophocles 654 - 655). With Antigone's will and her "pure crime", Creon seals her fave which is supposed to be left to the gods. The central theme, along with the theme of civil disobedience and the role of the individual versus society, changes Creon's attitude and consequently affects the conclusion of the play. Centuries later, Anouilh maintains the main theme of the superiority of man's law to gods' law, but he also includes two additional themes that change the outcome of the play; in this instance he uses Creon as a pawn. ...read more.

Conclusion

The conclusions of the plays differ significantly because the themes influence them differently. Without Anouilh's added themes, Creon is responsible for Antigone's death. In contrast to Sophocles, Anouilh develops the assertion that Antigone subconsciously wants to die. Creon's family dies because it is the will of the gods, and in both plays, the will of the gods can not be changed. The intent of this paper was to explore how two supporting themes as well as the most common theme influenced Creon's reaction and consequently the conclusion to both plays. Anouilh believed in non-conformity, evident through his character and his play Antigone. He felt that it was important to be an individual in society, whereas Sophocles believed in moderation. Moderation is a key consideration to Sophocles' Antigone because it relates to the approach the protagonist should have chosen. Sophocles' and Anouilh's personal views tie both plays together because both playwrights have Creon adopt their views, subsequently changing the original conclusion. 5 Significant is that Sophocles' themes and Anouilh's additional themes, the common question that remains: Is man's law higher then the gods' law? Jackson D-0436019 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Classics essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Greek Gods and Mythology

    She was the daughter of Uranus. Hyperion was the father of Helios, Selene, and Eos (In to Greece, Internet). The Titan Cirus married Eurbia. He had three children. His children were Astraios, Perses, and Pallas. He was the grandfather of the west wind, north wind, south wind, east wind, and all the stars.

  2. 'Both Antigone and Creon deserve our sympathy'. Discuss.

    the crime of treason, but also that of sacrilege in burning the temples and holy places of the city. Creon found this intolerable and as such felt he was doing right by the gods in punishing Polynices. The audience can admire the more honourable characteristics of Creon, however misguided his actions may have been.

  1. In Sophocles' play Antigone, how does the author create sympathy for the main character?

    her family represents her as a martyr and this creates empathy again for her character.

  2. In Antigone, one of the most renowned Greek tragedies, Sophocles constructs a conflict that ...

    Creon and Antigone are correct, but simply out of place given their roles in society. Creon cleverly argues that Antigone's brother "died destroying the country the other [brother] defended," (518) to which Antigone replies, "The god of death demands these rites for both" (519).

  1. A high proportion of the most dramatic scenes in plays from all eras are ...

    He cares nothing for her as a relation, only for what she can give him. These quotations would have hung between the two characters, darkening the atmosphere greatly, casting an even greater shadow over the mood, something the audience would have felt when listening to the manner in which Creon delivered those lines.

  2. Kafka's View of Society in The Metamorphosis

    The family should at least feel a sense of duty to provide Gregor with the best care possible, but they lock him in a small room they begin to fill with garbage. Kafka represents Gregor as worthless to the family outside his ability to make money.

  1. Antigone: Divine Law vs. Human Law

    right or wrong: There is no question, then, as to theory: Antigone's view of the matter is the right one, Creon's view of it is the wrong. Creon has offended against a human decency, has violated a recognized fitness (110).

  2. Medea - Euripides lived during the Golden Age of Athens, the city where he ...

    seems a more convincing account of her decision. The heroes of ancient Greece often display unswerving convictions to principles that do not conform to common sense, but the extremity of Medea's response to her betrayal forces a recognition of the ambivalence inspired by heroic temperaments; their willingness to let their pride run unrestrained makes them admirable and offensive at once.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work