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Latin Coursework Roman Culture

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Introduction

The Relationship Between Roman Culture and Those it Absorbed Ancient Rome had an empire that covered most of Europe at one time and encompassed many different cultures, including the Celts, the Greeks and the Jews among others. Areas such as Morocco, Northern England and the Euphrates river were ruled over by the Romans at one time, and The Romans had to keep a balance between themselves and all these different peoples; if they imposed too much of their own beliefs and practices upon their new citizens, the empire would quickly dissolve under the strain of holding together so many rebelling nations. To resolve this problem, the Romans developed a very simple solution; they began to incorporate aspects and elements of each different religion and society into their own. This was of great benefit to the Romans, firstly, it would pacify the population of the countries which they conquered; and secondly, they could take the best elements of each place and claim it as their own, showing themselves as the superior culture when in fact many facets of it were taken from other people who the Romans had simply absorbed. ...read more.

Middle

If I keep this oath faithfully, may I enjoy my life and practice my art, respected by all men and in all times; but if I swerve from it or violate it, may the reverse be my lot.' This oath is still taken by doctors today, and much of the ethical statements written in the oath are still followed; for example, doctors will not give any person drugs to wilfully kill them, or make their condition any worse. The medical theories such as The Four Humours, as mentioned above, was a concept first considered by revered Greek doctor Hippocrates (who also came up with the Hippocratic oath). It states that people fall into one of the four humours: sanguine, phlegmatic, melancholic and choleric, and any illness that they had was caused by an imbalance in one of these humours. On the other hand, the Romans' medicine was based very much on prevention instead of cure, and the main of their medical knowledge arose from the need for a healthy army. A good deal of Roman medicine consisted of faith healing, and when epidemics broke out there were often offerings made to those such as Apollo, God of healing, as widespread illness was seen as a sign of a God's displeasure. ...read more.

Conclusion

Both the emperors' family names were Flavius (from the gens Flavia), therefore the name Amphitheatrum Flavium, was given to this monumental construction. Colosseum (Rome) Wikipedia (c) (1) In conclusion, today it is very difficult to tell what aspects of Roman culture can truly be claimed as their own. The Roman culture can instead be perceived as an amalgamation of the cultures it conquered, as opposed to a definite culture in its own right. Even within their very own games (The gladiatorial battles) there was an essence of other cultures. It borrowed extensively from many different civilizations, but particularly from the Greeks, as at the time that Rome conquered Greece the Greeks were far superior to them in many aspects. As shown by the incorporation of the Celtic Goddess Sulis into their worship, the Romans also successfully used parts of other religions to build up a good relationship between themselves and their conquered provinces, a canny move on their part as it meant that they were able to hold a vast empire together for hundreds of years without enforcing a permanent military rule on those it occupied. Romans seemed to see their culture as a tool rather than a terribly sacred part of their lives, something to show off their prowess and pacify their people rather than to force upon others. ...read more.

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