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Looking at the similarities and context of the plays; The Crucible, St. Joan and Antigone

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Introduction

Looking at the similarities and context of the plays; The Crucible, St. Joan and Antigone I shall be comparing the following three plays: The Crucible, St. Joan, and Antigone. I will be analysing the play's contents so that I can look at the similarities between the three of them and communicating the ideas that each of the three main characters have similar characteristics. The Crucible was written by playwright Arthur Miller and was first produced in 1953. The play is set in Salem, Massachusetts in 1692 and looks at the 'witch hunt' that surrounded America in the seventeenth century. Miller used his own views of McCarthyism to look at the sheer madness that had surrounded this so called witchery, and so the play was seen as a political parable. Antigone is a Greek tragedy that was written by Sophocles between 496 and 406 B.C but then was first produced in Paris, 1942, by the French dramatist Jean Anouilh. The play appealed to the French people's stand against dictators and their own hatred for Hitler. The play contains a tragedy and a hero (Antigone), dramatist decided on the use of masks in which to symbolise the idea of camouflage, and it is then easier to understand who is who in the play.

Middle

This is an historical play that is based on facts that had happened in the past. Although these three plays were centuries apart, all three had contemporary themes that are still relevant today. All three show the authors own views on what was happening at that time. The main character of 'The Crucible', John Proctor, is similar to the character of Antigone. On-stage there is a scene where Antigone is having an argument with Creon " What sort of game are you playing", at which Antigone replies, "I am not playing games". This chapter of the play shows us that Creon does not understand what kind of point Antigone is trying to prove as he wants her to live, and that Antigone has a determination and good opinion to want to give her brother a proper burial. On-stage John Proctor portrays his character similar to Antigone, as on-stage the audience are able to see two isolated characters in a society that is venting its anger to the two individual characters. John Procter is determined to do something that he views as being morally correct and is willing to stand up to the mightiest of judges who oppose him or get in his way.

Conclusion

for the fact that in his mind, (at this stage he is mentally distraught in the play, as he shows to the rest of the audience in the way he patrols the stage and is the centre of attention), he would be blackening the accused, who have been hanged, names. On stage, Antigone is being portrayed as an isolated figure, this has been deliberately decided so to get the audience on her side and so that they would feel sympathy for her. The main character and those around her are used to get across the social feelings and opinions of that time. With John Proctor, the villagers are used to portray the social feelings at that time across to the audience. St. Joan is similar to Antigone and John Proctor in trying to fight for opinions they feel is right even knowing that death will be acted upon unless they decide to do different. On all three occasions there are totally different themes, but higher authorities such as King Creon, Judge Danforth, Burundians (a powerful group of French protesters), all want to stop the main characters actions or else they will face death. Drama essay Lloyd Anthony Houghton 11c

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