• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Marcus Aurelius

Extracts from this document...


MARCUS AURELIUS Early life and Emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus was born on 26th April 121A.D in Rome. He was born Marcus Annius Verus to a rich Spanish family. His father was Annius Verus, his mother Domitia Lucilla and his only sibling was his sister, Annia Cornificia Faustina. However when Marcus was three years of age his father tragically died and he had to go and live with his grandfather, who was a consulate for three years and his mother. In memory of his father Aurelius described him as someone who taught him 'manliness without ostentation' Aurelius went on to become very interested in Stoicism (philosophy) at a young age and because of his intellectual standard the Emperor Hadrian took a great interest in him and referred to Aurelius as 'Verisimmus' (the most truthful) rather than by his name Verus. At the age of six Marcus was advanced to an equestrian rank and then, two years later, at the age of eight he was made a member of the ancient Salin priesthood. ...read more.


He was particularly interested in Diatribai ("Discourses") of Epictetus who was a very influential philosopher at the Stoic school. As Marcus grew older he became more and more involved with his father's work appearing by his side as consul in 140, 145 and 161. Then in 145 Marcus married the daughter of Antonius and his cousin, Annia Galeria Faustina, who gave him a daughter. A short time before Marcus received his first daughter he had the proconsular imperium and the tribunicia potestas bestowed on him, the main imperial honours. When Antoninus died in 161 Marcus received the title of Emperor of Rome however he accepted only on the condition that his brother Lucius ruled alongside him. For the first time in Roman history, Rome had two Emperors- Augusti. Marcus changed his name to Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus and Lucius changed his to Lucius Aurelius Verus. The Wars War in Parthia In Asia, near what is now Iraq and Iran the Parthia Empire began a military campaign and successfully captured Armenia and Syria in 161 and 162 defeating the Romans in Cappadocia. ...read more.


Avidius had heard that Marcus had been killed and so planned to become Emperor himself. Only Cappadocia and Bithynia did not follow Avidius's claims. When news broke out that Marcus was very much alive, Avidius's own followers' killed him and offered his severed head to Marcus who had now reached Parthia. Marcus declined, and once he had settled the situation set off again. From 173 Marcus toured the eastern provinces with his wife, Faustina and declared himself the protector of philosophy in Athens. However upon returning back to Rome his beloved wife died after giving him 13 children. War still beckoned and in 177 Marcus returned to his campaign in Germania defeating the rebels in 178. While he was there he wrote his acclaimed work, the Mediations. He did so in order for his self improvement and guidance. However his planes to annex Bohemia were halted as he fell ill with chickenpox in 180 and died in Vienna. He left his son Commodus as heir to become emperor. Commodus's succession was described as the end of the pax romana. His achievements in Germania were marked by a column dedicated to him in Rome ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Classics essays

  1. Guide To The Colosseum and Games of Ancient Rome

    The Romans were proud of the numbers of animals they'd killed. The Emperor Augustus showed off about having 3,500 animals killed in his shows. Seventy years later Titus outdid him by having 5,000 killed in one day. Not all Romans were passionate about the shows that went on in the Colosseum.

  2. Who made the greatest contribution to the Athenian Constitution?

    Previously, the system allowed the wealthy to retain power by influencing the choosing of the next tribal leaders, but under the new system, power was not in the hands of the rich - another advance towards democracy. Moreover, Attica was split up into 30 regions, and each of the ten

  1. What was life like in the Roman Army and what made them successful?

    After piercing the shield, the flexible 'javelin' would snap to prevent the enemy throwing the spear back. These ideas and inventions of the Romans are what meant that they were able to conquer many a land with relative ease, crushing anyone who stood in their path.

  2. Latin Coursework Roman Culture

    Here is a Roman drain, used to take away excess water from the baths. Another religion that the Romans borrowed heavily from was the Greeks. The religions were very similar in many respects, a fact that has been noted by several scholars.

  1. Was Britain Worth The Romans Invading?

    lots of money from the taxes that it imposed upon the Britons from trading. 'Further, they submit so easily to heavy duties, both on the exports from there to Celtica and on the imports from Celtica (these latter are ivory chains and necklaces, and amber-gems and glass vessels and other petty wares of that sort)

  2. The Roman Army: Why were the Romans able to conquer and maintain such a ...

    for at least 35km (in one day), while wearing a heavy pack. Physical fitness was further developed by running, jumping, swimming and drilling. The next phase was the weapons training, starting with wooden-practice swords and wicker shields. The recruit learned to handle the shield correctly and to attack a dummy with the point of his sword.

  1. Medea - Euripides lived during the Golden Age of Athens, the city where he ...

    Exiled as murderers, Jason and Medea settled in Corinth, the setting of Euripides' play, where they established a family of two children and gained a favorable reputation. All this precedes the action of the play, which opens with Jason having divorced Medea and taken up with a new family.

  2. Pericles and Athens in the 5th century BC

    Cimon, on the other hand, apparently believed that no further free space for democratic evolution existed. He was certain that democracy had reached its peak and Pericles' reforms were leading to the stalemate of populism. According to Paparrigopoulos, history vindicated Cimon, because Athens, after Pericles' death, sank into the abyss of political turmoil and demagogy.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work