• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Collapse of The Roman Republic

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What are the main factors that led to the collapse to the Republic? 27.1.09 At the end of the 2nd Century BCE, the Roman Republic faced a series of crises, form which it didn't recover from. The Crises began with two brothers called Gracchus, who tried to change the government for themselves! Tiberius Gracchus, the eldest brother, was elected a tribune in 133 BC. He led the poor against the rich, for them and for him. He proposed a law that gave the land from the rich to the poor. From this he made many enemies. ...read more.

Middle

However Rome continued to expand its empire, through Gaius Marius who reformed the Roman Army. He changed it to just land owners, but then changed it to everybody who wanted to enlist, he supplied them with weapons, and the army was b-very successful. But, before long, in 91BCE, a tribune, Marcus Livius Drusus proposed a law giving Italian citizenship to all cities allied to Rome. The Senate rejected it and Drusus was killed. Disappointed because they no longer had the chance to become Roman citizens. The Italian allies revolted against the Roman leaders, and began the 'Social War'. ...read more.

Conclusion

In fury, Sulla turned and led his troops into Rome. Marius was forced into exile, and his supporters were executed. After Marius had fled, Sulla marched his troops to Pontus to fight Mithridates. But, while Sulla was away, Marius came back and took control of Rome, and murdered lots of Sulla's supporters. Marius died in 86BCE, but when Sulla returned, he found that Marius' men were in charge. Sulla fled Rome, but returned three years later, and took terrible revenge! Sulla devastated the land, executed the rich because they were wealthy, and throughout all of this he maintained that he was only defending Rome from its enemies. He made himself dictator, and even though peace eventually returned to Rome, nobody ever forgot the bloodbath at the beginning of his reign. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Classics essays

  1. Who made the greatest contribution to the Athenian Constitution?

    My affection for this has nothing whatsoever to do with the fact that the centrepiece worship stone was in my honour, but with the fact that the presence of a magnificent worship ground united the people and would have allowed them to accept reforms with a better will.

  2. What was life like in the Roman Army and what made them successful?

    These were the normal foot-soldiers. They were on basic pay and were used for everything from keeping order to other fatigue duties. These were the main and well-known lower-ranked soldiers. The higher ranks were as follows: * Tribunus. There were six of these officers to a legion and usually there

  1. Latin Coursework Roman Culture

    Aeneas' journey eventually led him to found Rome, and Aeneas was supposed to represent the emperor Augustus in the story. An excellent example of the 'propaganda' aspect of the story is where Anchises, Aeneas' father from the Iliad, is telling Aeneas of the future of Rome.

  2. Was Britain Worth The Romans Invading?

    that there is no need of garrisoning the island; for one legion, at the least, and some cavalry would be required in order to carry off the tribute from them, and the expense of the army would offset the tribute-money.'

  1. Ho did Roman society's expectations of women in the first century AD differ from ...

    This was because marriages in the Roman times were for power and wealth, not love, so elder family members would choose your husband based on the advantages that having him in the family would bring you. Although arranged marriages do take place in some cultures today, the majority of British

  2. The Roman Army: Why were the Romans able to conquer and maintain such a ...

    Once enrolled, a soldier swore an oath on the aquila, the legion's standard. This resulted in his allegiance being to the legion, not its commander. Training was very thorough, systematic and demanding. The first phase was physical training. During this phase, recruits would learn to march at the regulation pace

  1. Discuss how far football stadia resemble the roman colosseum in their provisions for spectators.

    I find that this is one aspect of the football stadia and the colosseum where they differ, as today many football stadiums are used purely for football and not used for cycle track or athletics unless they are of course major stadiums like Wembley, where the colosseum was used for many forms of entertainment for Roman society.

  2. Pericles and Athens in the 5th century BC

    Also to protect Greece from any future Persian invasion. The achievements of the league by 440 included; The Persian was defeated at eurymedon river, many ionic cities were liberated from Persian rule , Athenian democracy was stronger than ever and democracy was spreading throughout the Greek world.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work