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The Collapse of The Roman Republic

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Introduction

What are the main factors that led to the collapse to the Republic? 27.1.09 At the end of the 2nd Century BCE, the Roman Republic faced a series of crises, form which it didn't recover from. The Crises began with two brothers called Gracchus, who tried to change the government for themselves! Tiberius Gracchus, the eldest brother, was elected a tribune in 133 BC. He led the poor against the rich, for them and for him. He proposed a law that gave the land from the rich to the poor. From this he made many enemies. ...read more.

Middle

However Rome continued to expand its empire, through Gaius Marius who reformed the Roman Army. He changed it to just land owners, but then changed it to everybody who wanted to enlist, he supplied them with weapons, and the army was b-very successful. But, before long, in 91BCE, a tribune, Marcus Livius Drusus proposed a law giving Italian citizenship to all cities allied to Rome. The Senate rejected it and Drusus was killed. Disappointed because they no longer had the chance to become Roman citizens. The Italian allies revolted against the Roman leaders, and began the 'Social War'. ...read more.

Conclusion

In fury, Sulla turned and led his troops into Rome. Marius was forced into exile, and his supporters were executed. After Marius had fled, Sulla marched his troops to Pontus to fight Mithridates. But, while Sulla was away, Marius came back and took control of Rome, and murdered lots of Sulla's supporters. Marius died in 86BCE, but when Sulla returned, he found that Marius' men were in charge. Sulla fled Rome, but returned three years later, and took terrible revenge! Sulla devastated the land, executed the rich because they were wealthy, and throughout all of this he maintained that he was only defending Rome from its enemies. He made himself dictator, and even though peace eventually returned to Rome, nobody ever forgot the bloodbath at the beginning of his reign. ...read more.

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