• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The position of masculinity and femininity in A Doll's House and Antigone.

Extracts from this document...


World Literature 1: Comparative Study: The position of masculinity and femininity in A Doll's House and Antigone. Issues revolving around the position of masculinity and femininity are prevalent in almost all societies, theatrical or real, and thus it is not surprising to find that the realist work of Ibsen, A Doll's House and the tragic work of Anouilh, Antigone, share these issues. Ibsen's A Doll's House, set in late 19th Century Norway during a time of institutionalisation of marriage, explores the sacrificial role of women through Nora; a young wife, living the existence of a doll for her husband. He also scrutinizes the obligation to the patriarchal society men bear on their shoulders. Anouilh's Antigone, produced in France at a time, of German dictatorial rule in the 1940's, has had critics draw connections between Antigone's "passionate" idealism and the French Resistance, while Creon's "pragmatic" compromises are associated with the Vichy regime. Anouilh uses Antigone as a site to challenge the traditional gender construct through the position of feminist value and masculine integration. ...read more.


Whereas Nora upholds the typically feminine submissive wife, playing the role "a little squirrel"8 or "sky-lark"9, Kristina brings a mix of adaptability and decisiveness to the text, "[Kristina] Nils...suppose we two shipwrecked people could join forces. [Krogstad] What do you mean? [Kristina] Two on one spar would be better off than each of us alone", perfectly illustrated through Kristina's dealing with Krogstad displaying her ability to manipulate the situation to her benefit. Initially, one is led to believe that Nora is happy with and accepting (or unaware) of her doll-like existence. She responds affectionately to the teasing, coddling and patronization of Torvald, "[Torvald] Yes, that's very true - 'all you can'. But the thing is, you can't! [Nora] (nodding and smiling happily)...10 and speaks excitedly of his new post at the bank and the extra money it will provide. "...Now that you're going to earn a big salary, you'll have lots and lots of money"11 But as the play progresses, Nora reveals her desire for a more fulfilling life, "We've been married for eight years now. ...read more.


Unlike Ibsen, Anouilh was not as widely regarded for his critique of society, yet similarly in Antigone he has displayed the same sacrificial role of women through the Antigone and Eurydice in the taking of their own lives, Antigone for her morals and Eurydice for her son. " When the Queen was told of her son's death...she went up to her room...and there, Creon, she cut her throat."17 One could say that she was obliged to. 1 Androgyny: A concept developed by Sandra Bem, Stanford University Psychologist, referring to the coexistence of masculine and feminine traits in a person, with out a cost to either the persons level of femininity or masculinity. 2 Jean Anouilh, 'Antigone', London, Methuen Publishing, 2000 pp10 3 ibid, pp10 4 ibid, pp18 5 ibid, pp19 6 ibid, pp58 7 ibid, pp49 8 Henrik Ibsen, 'A Doll's House' London, Penguin, 1965, pp148 9 ibid, pp148 10 ibid, pp151 11 ibid, pp148 12 ibid, pp225 13 ibid, pp231 14 Jean Anouilh, 'Antigone', London, Methuen Publishing, 2000, pp69 15 Henrik Ibsen, 'A Doll's House' London, Penguin, 1965, pp230 16 ibid, pp230 17 Jean Anouilh, 'Antigone', London, Methuen Publishing, 2000, pp70 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Classics essays

  1. 'Antigone' by Jean Anouilh.

    When Antigone declines this offer, the audience recognises a feeling of frustration wishing that Antigone would concede to Creon's arrangements and there is no clue at this point as to why she is not wanting to be excused of her imminent punishment.

  2. Form and Structure - Antigone

    Creon - The lead protagonist who progresses the tragedy in Antigone as he shows his downfall is due to the bad decisions he makes. He represents the audience members who have made a few bad decisions which have been catastrophic.

  1. Who made the greatest contribution to the Athenian Constitution?

    As Athena has just said, this was an excellent reform as it encouraged citizens to sympathise with the rights of others. According to the great Plutarch, Solon was once asked which city he considered best governed of all, to which he replied: "The city where those who have not been

  2. Understand how customer services is provided in business.

    Customer service: I am going to put you through to the technical team. Customer: OK Customer service: Whilst you are on the phone Mrs Patel, would you like us to send you emails about our new tariffs and services? Customer: No thank you.

  1. Romeo and Juliet Scence 5

    In contrast to Romeo and Juliet's love, Tybalt is the personification of hate. During the play he conveys only feelings of hate and shows he is a negative person. A perfect example of this is when he reveals to Benvolio his thoughts of peace, "I hate the word as I hate hell, all Montague's and thee."

  2. Science case study

    This poisonous gas reduces the body's ability to transport oxygen. Ammonia - is found in cleaning fluids. Ammonia 'freebases' the nicotine in a cigarette and ammonia also speeds up the delivery of nicotine by raising the pH of tobacco smoke.

  1. This theme is prevalent in Maupassants stories which make us question if money is ...

    when Jean arrived home 'That's what I could have been like now!' 'I'll never forgive you. Never.' Money is shown here not to be evil because the Tuvaches weren't tempted by the money, 'It'd be sinful and wicked.' However personally I believe that this act of good was over-ridden by the evil that came after it.

  2. Pericles and Athens in the 5th century BC

    Between the two walls, a large triangle of land could be used for agriculture. The walls were finished in 457, although later, Pericles took the initiative for doubling the western wall (445-443). The upper walls were made from sun-dried bricks.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work