• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Use of the Nurse in Jean Anouilhs' Antigone and Dr.Rank in Henrik Ibsens' A Dolls' House to Provide Exposition.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Use of the Nurse in Jean Anouilhs' Antigone and Dr.Rank in Henrik Ibsens' A Dolls' House to Provide Exposition. Hannah C. Karwatowska The Awty International School: D0436-020 TOTAL WORD COUNT: Throughout the evolution of literature, Greek through Modern, exposition has remained vital to the comprehension of literary work. In most pieces, contemporary or not, the author uses exposition to provide background information on main characters or past important events. Exposition can help to explain a character's motive, personality or relationships with others. In Jean Anouilh's Antigone and also in Henrik Ibsen's A Dolls' House, the authors create two characters, the Nurse, and Dr. Rank, specifically for this purpose. The authors use them repetitively to provide exposition on some of the main characters, but use different means to reveal this background information. The intent of this paper is to examine the differences between these two authors' methods of providing exposition. These minor characters provide most of the background information in the first scenes. The Nurse in Anouilh's Antigone provides exposition for Antigone and her sister Ismene, the main female roles in the play. Dr. Rank in Ibsen's A Doll's House provides exposition on a morally ambiguous character, Krogstad. This provision of exposition helps the reader to understand motives and also behavior towards a character before the character admits to himself, and the reader, his ambiguous actions. ...read more.

Middle

Rank explains that Krogstad, hired not because of his competence, but because of his potential danger to the bank, remains badly respected, and poorly welcomed considered dishonest in the eyes of all those around him. Dr. Rank implies that because Krogstad cheats other, more honest, men out of their rightful jobs, he is a threat to society. Here, Dr. Rank also points out some of Krogstad's possible motives for his malice directed at Nora (Krogstad, untrustworthy and dishonest, prioritizes money, which Nora has at her disposal) and also provides exposition on the time shortly before the play took place. Dr. Rank's previous dialogue points out the motives Helmer has for hiring and dismissing the lawyer from the bank, and also displays the general opinion towards Krogstad in this play- unwanted and mistrusted. Rank judges Krogstad on a mistake which Nora herself has committed, and in this way acts as a version of the Greek chorus in the play; the voice of the people. Rank represents the actions taken in the play; he has been molded by Helmer, and has become the person he is through Helmers decisions. Both the Nurse and Dr. Rank provide exposition, but only in the beginning of both plays. The placing of the exposition early in the play is effective because exposition is needed to explain what has happened, the motives for what will happen, and to clear up debatable issues within the literary piece. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, the Nurse, an emotional and caring woman, divulges past experiences and memories of her trustees through flowing and colloquial speech, giving insight into their personalities. The Nurse laces her dialogue with the emotion and tenderness she feels towards the two sisters. Her affection is shown by shying away from saying anything shocking or unkind about their personalities or past experiences. Her aversion to negative information is partly due to the fact that when she gives any exposition, she is always in the company of the sisters. Dr. Rank provides uninhibited insight. He speaks briskly and to the point, due to his brusque manner. He does not hint at the information he tries to divulge, instead he openly relates his opinion: brusquely and exactly. Both characters provide useful exposition, and with their absence, the plays would not be as seamless. Their contributions to the plays allow the reader to understand the motivations of certain characters, and the events that have led up to their current situations. These characters are essential, as they allow us to quickly interpret the actions of other key characters and also increased our comprehension of the events that lead up to the action throughout the plays. Although both authors and characters have different means of divulging information, the difference in style and attitude adds depth to the characters and makes the plays unique. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Classics essays

  1. A high proportion of the most dramatic scenes in plays from all eras are ...

    In this way, the scene can also be interpreted as a battle of the sexes. Though, as King, Creon is in the position of authority, this is accentuated by the fact that Antigone is a woman. The instance in which he physically grabs her would not have occurred if Antigone

  2. Self directed or imaginative play is very important in childrens social and emotional development. ...

    A baby shows affection by returning a kiss or a hug. A baby at this age also tries to do things for themselves. At two years a child enjoys company of other children but is very reluctant to sharing toys.

  1. Throughout the play 'Antigone' there is a constant emphasis on the use and abuse ...

    The divine law. Antigone has inner strength and power. Enough power to throw away her life for "the greater good". Human Law Vs Divine Law There is much conflict between Antigone and Creon throughout the play, both of them having their own ideas and opinions regarding divine law versus human law.

  2. Form and Structure - Antigone

    He also represents the people in an unfortunate situation; Creon does love his niece but cannot pardon her just because she is family. Audience members who have been in similar situations would be able to associate themselves with Creon and learn from his mistakes.

  1. Sophocles - The Theban Plays.

    Although Oedipus can actually see, he is in fact 'spiritually blind' and this weakness of his is used for ironic effect: 'In Thebes, City of Light' - 'Did you suppose I wanted eyes to see the plot preparing.' In the play Antigone, yet again there is a shift in Creon's character.

  2. “Analyse Anouilh’s use of variety dramatic devices in his presentation of Antigone in the ...

    and maybe commenting on the events that might have just taken place. In the opening tableau, the chorus informs the audience of what will is going to happen, which is surprising, as the audience now know the fate of Antigone, due to Creon believing that he has to stand by

  1. Siddhartha Character analysis

    she is able to please even a Samana, who has thrown away almost everything in their life. 3) Youthful - "Between heaped-up black hair, he saw a bright, very sweet, very clever face..." (51). Kamala's physical beauty and youth represents the materialistic possessions that Siddhartha will come to become entangled in.

  2. The Play reproduced by Jean Anouilh, Antigone, was first performed in 1942 Paris

    ANTIGONE. For nobody. For myself.' This may reflect the feelings of those in the resistance movement. They may have felt that although their deaths may not change anything, that it was either a worthwhile cause or better to die than to put up with the regime, the latter is the attitude most applicable to Antigone

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work