• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Did the Upbringing of Spartan Males Involve and why was this so?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What Did the Upbringing of Spartan Males Involve and why was this so? The Spartans of Ancient Greece had a great army, made up of elite soldiers. Each soldier was trained to perfection so that his performance in battle was optimum. Before a Spartan joined the army, which was compulsory and only open to males, he would under go a tough and intensive physical training that would abolish his fears and create perfect warriors. The Spartans wanted an unbeatable fighting force to protect themselves from foreign invaders and to have the ability to crush any attempt of rebellion by the Spartan slaves, more commonly referred to as the "Helots" When any Spartan child was born they were assessed to see whether it was fit and healthy or weak and feeble. If the child was perceived to be unfit for a Spartan lifestyle they were taken to Mount Taygete, which was just outside of Sparta, and left on the mountain side to die of exposure. Spartan government only wanted the fittest and best children to ensure that Sparta was a very strong and able state, full of the best citizens. Spartan males who survived this merciless test were left to live at home with their mothers until the age of seven. ...read more.

Middle

To give the young Spartans something to aspire to, the "teachers" would tell the boys tales and sing songs and poems of war heroes and of men who showed great courage in battle. This made the young Spartans want to emulate the heroes, similar to how a modern child might wish to someday be as talented as his favourite football player. As the young Spartans were not given much food, they were encouraged to steal in order to fulfil the dietary needs. If one of the boys was caught they would be punished. They would be punished not for stealing, but for being caught and not being careful enough to avoid capture. A story was told to the boys about a student who stole a young fox from a local farm. He was caught and instead of allowing himself to be shamed by his failure, he put the fox into his tunic and allowed it to eat through his stomach, therefore killing himself. During these teenage years each boy was under supervision of a guardian, who was often a citizen with a high status. These guardians were known as paidonomos. He would sometimes be assisted by a teen aged nineteen or twenty. This is similar to a modern teacher's assistant who has just left sixth form. ...read more.

Conclusion

The men could still be called for military service on the front line. Also they could take part in councils. The Spartan name for the way of life or constitution was eunomia. Every Spartan had to live by the constitution. The idea was that if every Spartan lived by the same set of rules nobody would break them and order would be kept, therefore the only kind of uprising the Spartan government would have to worry itself about would be one conducted by the slaves, also known as the Helots. The Spartans had a foreign policy. They used their army primarily to defend themselves but would always offer help when it was needed to help defend Greece. For example at the battle of Thermopylae, three hundred Spartans under the command of Leonidas sacrificed themselves to help defend Greece. In conclusion, the system used for the upbringing of Spartan males involved carefully designed education and tests of physical and mental strength. The upbringing was designed so that only the strongest and best survived. The Spartan boys endured hardships like no other ancient Greek state. The main reason for this upbringing was to create and maintain the most successful army capable of withstanding any rebellion attempted by the helots. The Spartan fear of rebellion by the Helots, previously attempted and only just defeated, ensured that the system of upbringing was kept the centre of Spartan life. Word Count = 1362 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Classics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Classics essays

  1. Alexander the Great: Battle of Gaugamela

    Darius also quickly ordered his very strong right wing cavalry, led by Mazaeus, to attack Alexander's left wing cavalry, under the command of Parmenio. The Persian cavalry was significantly superior to that of Alexander's; hence Parmenio was under a great deal of pressure.

  2. Science case study

    Heart disease and COPD follow with about 20% of deaths each. Other tobacco-related disease including stroke also take up about 18.3% deaths each. Also, 0.7% of tobacco-related deaths are a result of passive smoking. - What does smoking do to the lungs?

  1. The Spartans.

    Although the city itself is in the river valley where crops could be raised successfully on the plains, between this valley and the rest of Greece is a line of rocky and mountainous land. The Spartans, then, were less worried than the inhabitants of most Greek cities about enemies from outside their territory.

  2. Spartan Army’s Code of Honour

    MAP THERMOPYLAE MAP THERMOPYLAE MAP THERMOPYLAE MAP THERMOPYLAE MAP THERMOPYLAE MAP THERMOPYLAE MAP THERMOPYLAE MAP THERMOPYLAE MAP THERMOPYLAE MAP THERMOPYLAE MAP At Point B on the above map, King Leonidas was told of a mountain path that was believed to provide the only detour to the Greeks' position (the map is indicated by the dotted line).

  1. Alexander The Great - Analysis of the Film

    set out there desperate to kill the man who proclaimed his title . Bessus had known that Alexander was coming and so covered the whole main route with mines , yet he didn't know Alexander very well for Alexander opted to take a fraction of his army on another treacherous route east .

  2. Antigone is an outstanding example of someone who did what she thought was right, ...

    Neither respect this important issue. Antigone respects only the gods' law and Creon respects only his own. When the ode speaks of overcoming death as man's only unaccomplished task, we think of Creon and Antigone's punishment. Death is something that man cannot change, and Antigone and Creon both experience it.

  1. What was life like in the Roman Army and what made them successful?

    They used superior and state of the art weapons, which very few of their enemies had. For the standard soldier, there was obviously only basic equipment.

  2. Who made the greatest contribution to the Athenian Constitution?

    a solemn oath not to change them for at least 10 years. I then left Athens to travel the world. And that, your highnesses, is the story of how I contributed to the Constitution of Athens. Peisistratos: Your majesty. I throw myself down before you.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work