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Anthropology – Yanomamos Adapting.

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ANTHROPOLOGY - YANOMAMOS ADAPTING Throughout the generations and years, the Yanoman� have found ways on how to adapt to living in the jungle of the Amazon region of southern Venezuela. In order for them to survive, these inhabitants have learned how to overcome difficulties with their terrain, how their shelter enables them to live in the jungle, and also how their hunting, gathering, fishing, and horticultural approaches to getting food have helped them to stay alive. Jungles in the yanoman� villages are relatively dense and contain a large variety of palm and hardwood trees. Canopies keep sunlight from reaching the ground and scrub brush and vines grow in most areas making it difficult for the natives to travel by foot. All villages have trails leading out into the jungle and to various villages beyond. Most of them wind through swamps, brush, rivers, and hills. With experience, the yanoman� are able to recognize their trail, but it is easy to get lost in the jungle because it is never very obvious when the trail leaves the stream and continues across land. ...read more.


For this reason, it is very important for the Yanoman� to choose the correct location in which to settle. Sometimes their site enables them to live in the jungle. To begin with, all house construction materials are collected from the jungle and the permanent house (also the central plaza), which they construct, is called the shabono. Lots of planning and cooperation is necessary to build a village and many days of work is also required. Nonetheless, the shabono only lasts for about two years or so because the leaves begin to leak or the roofing becomes infested with roaches, spiders, and other insects. In order to get rid of them, the shabono must be burnt to the ground. Usually if a shabono is being reconstructed after burning the old one, the location might be either on the same spot or a few yards away. If they were to choose a new location, they might take into consideration their enemies and allies and the suitability of the land for gardening. ...read more.


Apart from hunting, the natives also garden. In most areas, about 80% to 90% of the food eaten by the yanoman� is from their gardens. They are always aware of the potentials and suitability of the regions they hunt as future village and garden sites and their land for a new site should not be heavily covered with low, thorny brush because it is difficult to clear and burn that location. People, like the Yanoman�s, are known as hunter-gatherers. They typically hunt and gather a wide range of plant and animal life. The Yanoman�s are considered to be people that rely on nature to make their living in order for them to survive. Nonetheless, sometimes villages change their way of living because some start to depend on food product or on food producers. Acculturation and diffusion has caused some societies to change because of the influence of other 'ideas' from other societies. However, the Yanoman�s are now considered to be inhabitants that are 'unique' because of their adopted custom. They have followed their traditions and they have proven for generations that they can live without any cash under a self-sufficient system. ...read more.

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