• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Citing archeological evidence such as sites and pollen records, reconstruct the seasonal living of Scottish Mesolithic hunter and gatherer.

Extracts from this document...


Citing archeological evidence such as sites and pollen records, reconstruct the seasonal living of Scottish Mesolithic hunter and gatherer. The Mesolithic period started around 10,000 years ago and is involved with Scotland's first ever residents. In 8,00 BC it was a very different Scotland to one we know now. It was warmer for one and the sea level was about 10 meters higher and life for its inhabitants was very much based around survival. The people who lived in Scotland at this time are known as the hunters and gathers. This was because to survive they had to hunt game and gather berries. This dictated their lifestyle and adapted it to find the best way of finding food in the area or areas they inhabited. There is very little archeological evidence regarding this period in history as Mesolithic people didn't build large structures like pyramids or stone circles, there were no villages and people were always moving in order to find more food. ...read more.


Other main sources of information regarding this time come from things called shell middens, these are huge heaps of shells that have been discarded but what makes them useful is that due to the alkaline chemical nature of the shells artifacts that would usually be destroyed by the acidic nature of Scottish soils are preserved within the shells. On the island of Oronsay these middens were excavated and proved to contain mammal bones, bone tools, bird bones and antler tools as well as large quantities of fish bones. However the most interesting find made was when a student investigating tiny fish bones called otoliths of the saithe or coalfish noticed that the sizes of these otoliths changed from site to site around the island. He then through many experiments discovered that the size of the otoliths was very closely related to season that the fish died in. This suggests that each midden around the island was inhabited for a particular season at a time. ...read more.


There was evidence of this plant found at near by site of Stoasnaig on Colonsay, where the huge hoard of chestnuts were found so it is reasonable to assume that these too would have made up their diet combined with seal, coal fish otter and even whale. The sort of structures that these people used to live in would have been hut structures like Navajo Hogan huts. These huts were constructed three or more linking poles this again can be seen at stoasnaig were a pole may have been set at a angle in the gully to form a Y configuration with a forked upright post located off center in the hollow packed by stones and would have had a central hearth. At Cnoc Coig a circular arrangement of stake holes was discovered measuring 3.0 - 3.5m in diameter and with a 'very thick and heavily burned hearth' (Mellars, P. 1979, 50) at the center. Evidence was found for many fires being lit and other hearths were also discovered, the rising mound of the midden would also have given the occupants of the camp some protection. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Food Technology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Food Technology essays

  1. Straight-talking holistic nutritionist Gillian McKeith calls a halt to the festive cheer.

    Bad for your figure, your heart and your liver. Chocolate and sweet snacks In the UK we devour over half a million tonnes of chocolate every year.

  2. Nutrition and Lifestyle

    * Sleep gives the brain a chance to organize and archive memories. Dreams are thought by some to be part of this process. * Sleep lowers our energy consumption so when we sleep we save considerable amounts of energy than if we were awake.

  1. Conditions in Japanese Prisoner of War Camps In WorldWar II

    Men drank the water without boiling it. As a result, dysentery spread throughout the camp. In the first six weeks of captivity, 1500 to 1600 prisoners died. The Japanese shut Camp O'Donnell down in July 1942 transferring all but the very sick to Cabanatuan.

  2. Fast-food Industry Analysis

    http://www.commondreams.org/headlines02/0604-01.htm A research conducted by Restaurants and Institutions (1998), revealed that people with children-regardless of race or income-tend to eat at quick-service restaurants more often than other groups. About 47% of those reporting at least some college education eat fast food at least once a week, versus 38% of those with only high school diplomas.

  1. An Introduction to the Republicof Singapore and its People

    But with education comes the inevitable questioning of proper Muslim attire. The younger generation of Malay people, especially the ladies, question why they have to cover up all the time, and use the hot climate to their defence. Muslims, both male and female, who do not don their proper attire

  2. Animal and plant diversity

    An example of flagellate is euglena. An example of Sarcodina is Amoeba. Plasmodium is an example of sporozoa. Paramecium is an example of Ciliata. (Wilkinson, 1987) Some protozoans like euglena contain chloroplasts and can make their own food by photosynthesis.

  1. There has become an increasing demand for single portion food products - I will ...

    Yes no preference 15) How do you cook your single portion food products? Oven Microwave non-cooking products other - please state 14) Do you prefer precooked single portion foods? Yes No No preference 15) Do you like your single portion food product to be packaged in an ovenproof dish/microwavable container?

  2. Explain the need for nutrition by living organisms.

    IDENTIFY AND EXPLAIN FULLY THE MAIN STAGES OF DIGESTION AND JUSTIFY THE NEED FOR EACH PROCESS. DIGESTION is the breakdown of food into simpler molecules that can be absorbed and used by the body. It begins with the mouth through the pharynx, oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and then anus.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work