• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Citing archeological evidence such as sites and pollen records, reconstruct the seasonal living of Scottish Mesolithic hunter and gatherer.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Citing archeological evidence such as sites and pollen records, reconstruct the seasonal living of Scottish Mesolithic hunter and gatherer. The Mesolithic period started around 10,000 years ago and is involved with Scotland's first ever residents. In 8,00 BC it was a very different Scotland to one we know now. It was warmer for one and the sea level was about 10 meters higher and life for its inhabitants was very much based around survival. The people who lived in Scotland at this time are known as the hunters and gathers. This was because to survive they had to hunt game and gather berries. This dictated their lifestyle and adapted it to find the best way of finding food in the area or areas they inhabited. There is very little archeological evidence regarding this period in history as Mesolithic people didn't build large structures like pyramids or stone circles, there were no villages and people were always moving in order to find more food. ...read more.

Middle

Other main sources of information regarding this time come from things called shell middens, these are huge heaps of shells that have been discarded but what makes them useful is that due to the alkaline chemical nature of the shells artifacts that would usually be destroyed by the acidic nature of Scottish soils are preserved within the shells. On the island of Oronsay these middens were excavated and proved to contain mammal bones, bone tools, bird bones and antler tools as well as large quantities of fish bones. However the most interesting find made was when a student investigating tiny fish bones called otoliths of the saithe or coalfish noticed that the sizes of these otoliths changed from site to site around the island. He then through many experiments discovered that the size of the otoliths was very closely related to season that the fish died in. This suggests that each midden around the island was inhabited for a particular season at a time. ...read more.

Conclusion

There was evidence of this plant found at near by site of Stoasnaig on Colonsay, where the huge hoard of chestnuts were found so it is reasonable to assume that these too would have made up their diet combined with seal, coal fish otter and even whale. The sort of structures that these people used to live in would have been hut structures like Navajo Hogan huts. These huts were constructed three or more linking poles this again can be seen at stoasnaig were a pole may have been set at a angle in the gully to form a Y configuration with a forked upright post located off center in the hollow packed by stones and would have had a central hearth. At Cnoc Coig a circular arrangement of stake holes was discovered measuring 3.0 - 3.5m in diameter and with a 'very thick and heavily burned hearth' (Mellars, P. 1979, 50) at the center. Evidence was found for many fires being lit and other hearths were also discovered, the rising mound of the midden would also have given the occupants of the camp some protection. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Food Technology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Food Technology essays

  1. Explain the need for nutrition by living organisms.

    For normal health and growth a diet including the correct proportions proteins, vitamins, carbohydrates, mineral salts lipids and water are important. A diet including these foods is known as a balanced diet. A balanced diet can vary. Growing children need more proteins than adults do, males need more food than

  2. Animal and plant diversity

    Euglena has many characteristics of animals and plants. Euglena has cells that have large central nucleus and they also have numerous chloroplasts that contain chlorophyll. They also make their own food by photosynthesis. The characteristic of animals in euglena are they have a long whip like flagellum used for locomotion.

  1. Straight-talking holistic nutritionist Gillian McKeith calls a halt to the festive cheer.

    A latte made with full fat milk could be the same number of calories as an average sized chocolate bar. Alcohol We consume 25 billion alcoholic drinks a year in Britain - enough to fill 6,000 Olympic size swimming pools!

  2. Nutrition and Lifestyle

    You can become more prone to disease if you don't get enough sleep, and a child's growth can be stunted by sleep deprivation. * Sleep gives the body a chance to repair muscles and other tissues, replace aging or dead cells, etc.

  1. Conditions in Japanese Prisoner of War Camps In WorldWar II

    They marched another ten to twelve miles to Camp O'Donnell. At Camp O'Donnell, two small water spigots served initially 45000 Filipinos and 8000 Americans. Men waited in line 12-14 hours to fill their canteens. To supplement the water supply, men carried water from the polluted Bamban River.

  2. An Introduction to the Republicof Singapore and its People

    when seen outside the home are called "mod-Muslims" which means modern Muslim. Many of these mod-Muslims drink alcohol, wear the clothes that they like, and eat pork or non-Halal food. (I will explain this later in the diet section.) To create a harmonious multi-racial society, the Singapore government has imposed

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work