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Compare and Contrast M.E.D.C's and L.E.D.C's. Ethiopia and United Kingdom.

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Introduction

Compare and Contrast M.E.D.C's and L.E.D.C's. Ethiopia and United Kingdom. By Samantha Espin. 9A. The two countries I have been assigned to compare and contrast are Ethiopia and the United Kingdom. Ethiopia is in the East of Africa and is situated just above the Equator. Its' capital city is Addis Ababa. Its population is 65.4 million. It is a Less Economically Developed Country (L.E.D.C). The United Kingdom is situated in North Western Europe with the capital of London. Its population is 60 million. The United Kingdom is a More Economically Developed Country (M.E.D.C). Ethiopia is a very poor country with bad financial management. It is one of many countries below the poverty line that has many millions of pounds of debts. Owed to many countries around the world. These debts are the main reasons why such countries cannot support themselves and have such poor living conditions and water supplies. The United Kingdom is a very self-sufficient country and has no debts to repay. In Ethiopia a 1/4 of its people have no proper housing whereas the United Kingdom has only a small percentage of homeless people. The poorer people in England have access to council provided housing and benefits can be claimed. Poor people in Ethiopia have no choice but to live in squalor with only 2 rooms for maybe 7 or more people, adults and children. ...read more.

Middle

Africans will not have access to any of these injections so more people would die of disease caused by uncleanliness and dire living conditions. This brings me onto the subject of water, or lack of it. In the U.K every house has basic plumbing; toilet, bath/shower, running hot/cold water etc. In Ethiopia, around 3/5 of all people have no access to any of the afore mentioned amenities. 1/3 of people having no access to pure, clean water. A bathtub would be a completely baffling object to an Ethiopian. A massive 5 million people die every year from illnesses related to unclean water, which shows the urgent need for wells to be built in developing countries. Parents will walk miles just to find water, to stop their children from literally dying of thirst. Sometimes even risking their lives to get water. In the U.K. situations like that never occur, ever. We cannot imagine what it would be like, not knowing when you were next going to find a drink for your children, and, if you did find some water, if it would cause the death of your children anyway. Sewage systems are not in use in Ethiopia, an example of an African sewer is a ditch running down the middle of a path with a make shift bridge to walk across it. ...read more.

Conclusion

Large businesses have taken over a vast majority of land for growing crops for exports. The land was before rented by Ethiopian families who were just about managing to make enough food for themselves, and enough money to buy water and other foodstuffs. The land was then sold off without the knowledge or permission of the resident families, who could do nothing but stand at the sidelines and watch while all they had worked for was pulled down around their feet. A lot of the land is used for growing "cash crops" which are exported straight away, leaving the local areas with nothing. The money made from these cash crops is used to pay off the debts, so is not benefiting any of the African people at all. When drought and crop failures happen in the United Kingdom, the government will buy food off of other countries not affected by drought. In L.E.D.C's this can't happen because they have no money with which to buy extra food because they are not gaining any from exporting food because there is a drought. In conclusion, I can say that, the United Kingdom is definitely more economically developed compared to Ethiopia. We may think we have life hard in England, but that is nothing compared to the struggles and hardships of Ethiopian civilians. Ethiopia is most definitely a Less Economically Developed Country. By Samantha Espin. 9A. ...read more.

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