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Conduct an investigation into smart and modern fibres and fabrics. Analyse the development of such f

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Introduction

Conduct an investigation into smart and modern fibres and fabrics. Analyse the development of such fibres with regards to the future of things to come. Eg. Fashion of the future. Consider the raw materials and their place in fabric development referencing renewable, sustainable and non-renewable resources. Smart Fabrics: Fabrics are called smart when they provide added characteristics that do me than make you look and feel good. They can be engineered to provide a whole range of properties such as breathability, waterproof and windproof, providing a microclimate around the skin. Many of these smart fabrics have been developed for specialist sports or outdoor pursuit's end uses and they are set to become even smarter as technology develops. Some smart fabrics are described as 'intelligent' because they respond to the needs of the wearer in an environment. The stimulus for some of these exciting textiles often comes from nature's responses to external stimuli, such as the way that pine cones open and close according to air pressure. This kind of design which makes use of ideas from nature is called Biomimetics; an example of this would be Stomatex. ...read more.

Middle

When a garment is worn, or an item such as a sheet is touched, the capsule ruptures by rubbing the surface and this releases the contents. Micro-encapsulation can be used in many ways. Fragrant fabrics - perfume is released when the fabric is rubbed and the micro-capsule ruptures. Bed linen and nightwear can be encapsulated with fragrances that can relax and soothe like aromatherapy oils. Cosmetic oils and vitamins can be encapsulated and added to face-cleaning tissues, tights and underwear. Through slow release of moisture in tights, dry skin could be helped. Mosquito repellents and moth repellents can be encapsulated to help prevent the insects from biting and from destroying fabrics. In the future trainers could be encapsulated with an odour-repellent to prevent them from smelling. Reflective Textiles Properties: * Reflects light * Makes the wearer visible in the dark Uses: * Emergency services uniforms * Sports clothing and accessories * Clubwear * Automotive textiles Traditionally used in the rescue services, these textiles have now been adopted by sportswear and fashion companies. Minute glass balls are embedded in the fabric of yarn and reflect light back to the iris of the viewer's eye. ...read more.

Conclusion

Thermochromic materials change colour at specific temperatures. Typically, they are incorporated into a special ink and printed onto plastic films to create thermometers or temperature indicators. The battery test strip is a good example of this. If the battery is in good condition, current flows through a printed resistor under the thermochromic film and heats it to cause a colour change. Most thermochromic materials are based on liquid crystal technology. At specific temperatures the liquid crystals re-orientate to produce an apparent change of colour. Billions of microscopic spherical capsules are mixed with a suitable base to make thermochromic printing in, for example, with plastics destined for injection moulding. Summary: As fashion design continues to modernise, new and improved fabrics are becoming readily available for public and private use. Fabrics now have more to offer than what they previously had and this will continue to become apparent as technology extends further and further in to the future. Application of these new fabrics and fibres has proved extremely useful in many ways, especially to the emergency services. Materials in general have developed and modernised very rapidly within the last century and they will continue to do so as they carry on influencing design and fashion of the future. ...read more.

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