• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Development of the tennis racquet since 1945.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Task 2 - Development of the tennis racquet since 1945 The development of the tennis racquet has been radical and dramatic too bring the game too what it is today. The changes have been the most dramatic in terms of size, shape and weight (the weight changed due too the massive change in materials used). The racquets being used in 1940's would have been constructed with a simple wooden frame, with a leather grip (http://www.firstservein.com/images/decor_237_th010.jpg) Although at the time metal racquets of some description were available very few people used them; professionals and amateurs alike preferred the wooden racquet to produce the best results in competition. This was the metal racquets which were designed as early as 1889 were very heavy and uncomfortable to use in comparison too the wooden racquets of that time. Although the wooden racquet had it's limitations; especially in terms of head size, as the very small heads in use restricted the size of the "sweat spot" to generate maximum power and accuracy so it was inevitable at some point would design a new more effective racquet. The first real challenger to the traditional racquet came in the form of a Wilson metal racquet, called the T2000. It was made from steel and so had a stronger and lighter than wood, but was made with a similar frame as the older wooden racquets (with a long handle and a small head). ...read more.

Middle

The two racquets were the best selling racquets of there time. They had progressed from the popular T2000 as they had a shorter handle and a larger head that increased the accuracy and power of the player because the head was larger and therefore had a larger surface area for striking the ball and creating more power. It was approximately 50% larger in terms of aluminium frame and head than the standard wooden racquets. This very large sweet shot and light aluminium frame made the game much easier for amateur tennis players yet professionals found that the large string bed and aluminium frame became too altered when striking the ball and sometimes sent the ball in the wrong directions. This mainly occurred when shots were hit off centre, as it would alter the aluminium frame because it was too weak so the strings would be facing the wrong direction and thus hit the ball in an undesired direction. The solution to these problems came in the form of titanium. The advantages of Titanium over Aluminium While Titanium and aluminium are both still metals with quite similar properties throughout, titanium has obvious advantages. Mainly because titanium is much better at vibration dampening or shock absorption, which plays a large part in the game. In the short term it could often cause players to miss direct their shots because of the large vibrations but in the long term ...read more.

Conclusion

Other variations to the standard racquet shape were head's with a wider end nick named "hammer head" racquets: (http://www.mcsports.com/graphics/product_images/p804323reg.jpg) The standard racquets being used by professionals in 2003/2004 have a very oval shaped head a reasonably long handle for double handed shots which many players use, in particularly for their back hands: (http://www.tennis-warehouse.com/viewlarge.html?PCODE=WAVE) The advantages of Graphite over Metal Graphite racquets have a very good stiffness and very light weight; which the previous materials such as wood and metal could only achieve one of these 2 desired aspects for any tennis player. The very good stiffness meant the racquets had good shock absorption and also the ability to produce powerful shots without any sign of damage. Although titanium is still widely used throughout the amateur tennis world due too it being very light and much less expensive than graphite; but in terms of weight to strength ratio graphite still had a big advantage over titanium racquets. Most professionals nowadays use graphite racquets simply because the material is the best suited for tennis, yet we still see titanium racquets in the shops today because they are cheaper to build and therefore cheaper to buy; this is why they most amateur/casual tennis players will use titanium racquets because they are effective but not as expensive as graphite racquets. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Resistant Materials section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Resistant Materials essays

  1. DESIGN OF A TIMBER PORTAL FRAME STRUCTURE

    The following formula was used to find the design bending capacity: ?M = ?K1 K4 K6 K9 K11 K12 Fb'Z ? = Capacity Factor K1 = Duration of load factor K4 = Seasoning factor K6 = Temperature factor K9 = Strength sharing factor K11 = Size factor K12 = Stability

  2. TENSILE TESTING OF METALS

    All successive deformation occurs at this neck. I have noted the results in the table below. Largest source of uncertainty in making measurements of tensile strength from the stress-strain curves was in reading the relevant value off of the graph.

  1. Sports Equipment -To carry out tests on different types of grip.

    Therefore it means that the NIKE trainers (shoes) are longer lasting meaning that the better material is used for NIKE and I think that, that is why they are the most expensive one out of the trainers. I think that the FILA trainers (shoes)

  2. Manufacturing plan of frame of chess set.

    When these initial cuts have been made, the wood can be turned to remove the material at the sides which is to be removed. However, if any material is enclosed on both sides by wood that needs to be left, a coping saw should be used to make a cut

  1. EFFECT OF MOISTURE ON THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF NYLON

    It is good to practice to dry materials whenever either virgin or regrind contains over 0.3% of water and processes that involves high temperature or long cycle time may require moisture content below 0.2%. In general, exposure times of polymers at the loading station, through tubes, and in conveyers cannot

  2. TASK: Turning a Mild Steel Bar.We were each given a mild steel bar to ...

    Climb Milling V Conventional Milling is explained on a later page. The Slot Mill used was 10mm in diameter, the same diameter as the slot needed along the centre of the piece. To do this, the digital axis guide was used to measure 25mm along the piece so that the

  1. A comparison between the Egyptian architecture, with that of the Olmecs, an early civilization ...

    For the purpose of this presentation I have gathered extensive information of both Olmec and Egyptian architecture, so you can judge for yourselves, who are the greatest architects, the Egyptians or the Olmecs. Our earliest attempts at pyramids were actually not much more than simple sarcophaguses, built solely to protect dead bodies from exposure to the elements.

  2. Critically discuss the importance of materiality for theories of practical reasoning.

    Whilst animals may interact with one another in a complex set of relations (as when ants work together), there is at least a difference of degree in our ability to provide for our material needs. This will often involve some sort of employment, which compatibly will involve other people, and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work