• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14

Expedition Skills

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Expedition Skills. P1 - Explain the advantages and disadvantages of a range of suitable maps to be used during an expedition including a full description of the meaning of conventional map symbols. OS (Outdoor Leisure) - These maps are popular for walkers and ramblers. 1:25,000 Advantages: * Distances are easy to judge, this is because of the blue grid squares across the map, each square counts for 1km on the map. * Grid references can be given. * Plenty of detail on the maps, footpaths etc. * Information on terrain and land use. * Suitable for shorter walks. Disadvantages: * Too much detail for novice walkers. Some details such as contour lines are hard to see in bad light. * Area of ground the map covers is quite small. Not suitable for a long expedition. * Hard to handle in bad weather, too large and fragile also. OS (Landranger) - This is a medium - scale all-purpose map. 1:50,000 Advantages: * The scale is large enough for it to show most relevant detail for expeditions. * Distances are easy to judge, this is because of the blue squared grid across the map. * Grid references can be given. * Contours are clear. * Maps are more robust than 1:25,000 * Suitable for long walks. Disadvantages: * Not as much detail as the 1:25,000 scale as small features such as walls and minor paths aren't included. * Relatively expensive. * Less information about the land than a 1:25,000 scale map. Harvey walking maps - These maps are specifically made for walkers. 1:25,000 or 1:40,000 Advantages: * Information given is chosen for tourists, walkers and ramblers. * Information is printed more clearly than on OS maps. * 1:40,000 scale is good for long distance walks. * Cheaper than the OS maps. * Relatively weatherproof. * Contains information on camping, food, walking/clothing tips. Disadvantage: * The 1:25,000 scale maps has less detail about walls etc. ...read more.

Middle

There are certain fabrics and materials that you should use for each layer: * Base layer: Thermal top and bottoms * Mid layer: Trekking shirt and trousers * Top layer: Thin fleece/jumper * Outer layer: Heavy fleece Once you start to work also your body will heat up quickly and you will have to take layers off, but once u stop your body will start to cool down, you need to put more layers back on so u don't cool down to quickly. '' When buying a fleece look out for fabric types such as Polartec and Wind stopper. These are well established brands that many of the top clothing designers like Berghaus and North Face incorporate into their products. In particular Polartec do a range of fleece weights that are perfect for layering. '' Source : http://www.gapyear.com/expeditions/equipment.html You can also buy GORETEX clothing this fabric keeps the rain out but lets sweat evaporate from the body. This prevents you from getting wet from either the rain or your own sweat. Obviously GORETEX equipment costs more than normal clothing items. Camping Equipment: Such as sleeping bags, tents, stove, pots & pans, matches/lighter, toiletries, knife & fork, spoon, water filters, cleaning equipment etc. Sleeping Bags - Should fit your body tightly to keep the maximum amount of warmth in. A mesh lining to allow air to circulate within the bag is also useful. It should be very easy to pack away as they can weight quite a lot when rolled up, it can also be quite large. The bag should also be waterproof to keep yourself from getting wet. To cut down on weight and bulk the outer shell should be made of a light man-made material. These materials also give some water resistance. The inner fabric can also come in a variety of materials. Fleece is warm but bulky. Silk is good but much more expensive. ...read more.

Conclusion

Load it up with heavy weight to see if it can take a strong load. Pockets - does the bag have enough pockets to suit your needs are they easy to reach. Price - is it too expensive, shop around to get the best deal. Jacket: Size - make sure what you are buying actually fits your body, getting a jacket too short wont keep the wind and water out whereas if you get a jack that is too big you will find it harder to manoeuvre. Comfort - obviously important because you are wearing a jacket a lot of the time whilst on an expedition. Waterproofing - this keeps you from getting wet and cold. Hood - whether it has a hood or not determines whether you can keep your head warm. Try to choose a jacket with a hood. Pockets - are there lots of pockets are they big enough to store gloves, hats, and knives even. Insulation - will it protect you from the wind and stop you from getting cold. Price - is it too expensive, shop around to get the best deal. Sleeping Bag: Size - is it big enough for your body. Comfort - do you feel comfortable sleeping in it for 6-7 hours. Weight - how much does it weigh. Warmth - will it keep you warm in low temperatures. Small packing - will it roll up to a small package, does it store easily. Hood - does it have a hood to keep you head warm during the night. Price - is it too expensive, shop around to get the best deal. Tent: Size - is it big enough for the amount of people. Setup - is it easy to build. Fireproof - is the tent fireproof. Weight - does the tent weigh a lot. Strength - is it strong in bad weather conditions. Does it keep upright. Waterproofing - does it keep the water out of you tent. Price - is it too expensive, shop around to get the best deal. ?? ?? ?? ?? Ben Whitehead Expedition Skills Assignment 1 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Resistant Materials section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Resistant Materials essays

  1. What factors affect the cooling of hot water in a container?

    On the basis of this experiment I would say it is a reasonably fair test.

  2. Investigate and evaluate the differences and similarities in the key features in planning the ...

    Where appropriate, an N.I.C.E.I.C. Inspecting Engineer will make an independent inspection of the installation. If the fault is found with the contractor, he must put it right at no extra cost to the consumer. If the contractor fails to rectify the deficiency the N.I.C.E.I.C.

  1. Communication of Safety In the Design Phase.

    Make explicit the questions and research should answer This enquiry will address the following questions: Q1. How are safety issues communicated during the design phase? Q2. What forces affect the communication of safety? Q3. How effective is the communication of safe design issues to site.

  2. Sports Equipment -To carry out tests on different types of grip.

    Dry surfaces so they are not lubricated. Chalk dries and roughens grip. Un - streamlined shapes produce drag and increase air resistance. Surfaces pushed together reduce slippage. For my test I used a trolley and a running track and I put different surfaces down to check different grips for example

  1. History Of The Model Theatre

    She died in September 1995 after a long illness, but the toy theatres she loved so much and the museum she created lived on until now. As mentioned before The Model Theatre Guild is a Guild was formed in 1925 to appreciate the art of puppets and The Model Theatre.

  2. facility planning

    This has the correct stiffness when used with a good hull design, and will give enough on normal impacts not to crack. Also it holds very good abrasion-resistant characteristics, and is UV resistant which is important for the long-life of our product.

  1. EFFECT OF MOISTURE ON THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF NYLON

    MATERIAL HANDLING Efficient material handling is the basic to operating the Nylon molding system because of the sensivity of Nylon to moisture and contamination. A well-engineered system will do the following: 1. Maintain a uniform and low level of moisture. 2. Avoid contamination. 3. Maintain a uniform and adequate temperature.

  2. Facilities Planning

    Effectively operators need fast access to accurate data. Since the operator workstation is at the heart of each manufacturing information system, the concentration has been to make workstations more responsive. Operators are demanding higher levels of information presentation in their workstations, so design engineers have been forced to seek technology that not only allows for a more sophisticated

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work