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Expedition Skills

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Expedition Skills. P1 - Explain the advantages and disadvantages of a range of suitable maps to be used during an expedition including a full description of the meaning of conventional map symbols. OS (Outdoor Leisure) - These maps are popular for walkers and ramblers. 1:25,000 Advantages: * Distances are easy to judge, this is because of the blue grid squares across the map, each square counts for 1km on the map. * Grid references can be given. * Plenty of detail on the maps, footpaths etc. * Information on terrain and land use. * Suitable for shorter walks. Disadvantages: * Too much detail for novice walkers. Some details such as contour lines are hard to see in bad light. * Area of ground the map covers is quite small. Not suitable for a long expedition. * Hard to handle in bad weather, too large and fragile also. OS (Landranger) - This is a medium - scale all-purpose map. 1:50,000 Advantages: * The scale is large enough for it to show most relevant detail for expeditions. * Distances are easy to judge, this is because of the blue squared grid across the map. * Grid references can be given. * Contours are clear. * Maps are more robust than 1:25,000 * Suitable for long walks. Disadvantages: * Not as much detail as the 1:25,000 scale as small features such as walls and minor paths aren't included. * Relatively expensive. * Less information about the land than a 1:25,000 scale map. Harvey walking maps - These maps are specifically made for walkers. 1:25,000 or 1:40,000 Advantages: * Information given is chosen for tourists, walkers and ramblers. * Information is printed more clearly than on OS maps. * 1:40,000 scale is good for long distance walks. * Cheaper than the OS maps. * Relatively weatherproof. * Contains information on camping, food, walking/clothing tips. Disadvantage: * The 1:25,000 scale maps has less detail about walls etc. ...read more.

Middle

There are certain fabrics and materials that you should use for each layer: * Base layer: Thermal top and bottoms * Mid layer: Trekking shirt and trousers * Top layer: Thin fleece/jumper * Outer layer: Heavy fleece Once you start to work also your body will heat up quickly and you will have to take layers off, but once u stop your body will start to cool down, you need to put more layers back on so u don't cool down to quickly. '' When buying a fleece look out for fabric types such as Polartec and Wind stopper. These are well established brands that many of the top clothing designers like Berghaus and North Face incorporate into their products. In particular Polartec do a range of fleece weights that are perfect for layering. '' Source : http://www.gapyear.com/expeditions/equipment.html You can also buy GORETEX clothing this fabric keeps the rain out but lets sweat evaporate from the body. This prevents you from getting wet from either the rain or your own sweat. Obviously GORETEX equipment costs more than normal clothing items. Camping Equipment: Such as sleeping bags, tents, stove, pots & pans, matches/lighter, toiletries, knife & fork, spoon, water filters, cleaning equipment etc. Sleeping Bags - Should fit your body tightly to keep the maximum amount of warmth in. A mesh lining to allow air to circulate within the bag is also useful. It should be very easy to pack away as they can weight quite a lot when rolled up, it can also be quite large. The bag should also be waterproof to keep yourself from getting wet. To cut down on weight and bulk the outer shell should be made of a light man-made material. These materials also give some water resistance. The inner fabric can also come in a variety of materials. Fleece is warm but bulky. Silk is good but much more expensive. ...read more.

Conclusion

Load it up with heavy weight to see if it can take a strong load. Pockets - does the bag have enough pockets to suit your needs are they easy to reach. Price - is it too expensive, shop around to get the best deal. Jacket: Size - make sure what you are buying actually fits your body, getting a jacket too short wont keep the wind and water out whereas if you get a jack that is too big you will find it harder to manoeuvre. Comfort - obviously important because you are wearing a jacket a lot of the time whilst on an expedition. Waterproofing - this keeps you from getting wet and cold. Hood - whether it has a hood or not determines whether you can keep your head warm. Try to choose a jacket with a hood. Pockets - are there lots of pockets are they big enough to store gloves, hats, and knives even. Insulation - will it protect you from the wind and stop you from getting cold. Price - is it too expensive, shop around to get the best deal. Sleeping Bag: Size - is it big enough for your body. Comfort - do you feel comfortable sleeping in it for 6-7 hours. Weight - how much does it weigh. Warmth - will it keep you warm in low temperatures. Small packing - will it roll up to a small package, does it store easily. Hood - does it have a hood to keep you head warm during the night. Price - is it too expensive, shop around to get the best deal. Tent: Size - is it big enough for the amount of people. Setup - is it easy to build. Fireproof - is the tent fireproof. Weight - does the tent weigh a lot. Strength - is it strong in bad weather conditions. Does it keep upright. Waterproofing - does it keep the water out of you tent. Price - is it too expensive, shop around to get the best deal. ?? ?? ?? ?? Ben Whitehead Expedition Skills Assignment 1 1 ...read more.

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