• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain what is needed for a balanced diet, including vitamins and minerals.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain what is needed for a balanced diet, including vitamins and minerals. A BALANCED DIET is a diet that contains adequate amounts of all the necessary nutrients - carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals - required for healthy growth and activity. A diet is balanced when food intake is equal to the body's needs. These needs vary according to age, gender, level of activity, pregnancy and size - the average adult male requires 11000 KJ of energy per day while the average adult female requires 9000 KJ per day. Carbohydrates are the body's primary source of energy, and are a large part of most people's diets. They are also building blocks for larger molecules. Carbohydrates can be obtained by eating cereals, wheat, bread, pasta and potatoes. Proteins are used in growth and repair, and in rare cases as energy. ...read more.

Middle

- Source: Cereals, legumes, nuts, pork - Function: Promotes proper nerve functioning, helps with digestion of carbohydrates � Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) - Source: All citrus fruits, green vegetables, kale, leeks, turnip greens, broccoli, watercress, brussel sprouts, tomatoes and cabbage - Function: Prevents gingivitis and gum-bleeding. Keeps blood vessels strong and helps in the healing of cuts and bruises � Vitamin D - Source: Fish, cod liver oil, butter, egg yolks and fortified milk - Function: Needed in maintenance of teeth and bones. Necessary to let body absorb calcium Minerals � Calcium - Source: Green leafy vegetables, milk, buttermilk, cheese, yogurt, dairy products, sardines - Function: Strengthens heart muscle, builds strong bones, required in clotting of blood. Necessary for activating enzymes used to convert food to energy � Chromium - Source: White potatoes, whole grain cereals and seafood - Function: Along with insulin, maintains blood glucose levels � Magnesium - Source: Green leafy vegetables, fortified whole grain cereal, bread, oysters, ...read more.

Conclusion

This made it harder for the average-income Indonesian to buy enough milk to prevent calcium deficiency for his family. Nutrition Program In order to help with the calcium deficiency problem being faced by many Indonesian children, I would set up healthcare centers in impoverished areas, and give out free milk a few times a week to all children under the age of 16 who come to the center (16 because most of the essential physical and mental development has taken place already). Some problems I might face include that there are a lot of malnourished children in Indonesia, and funding would be a big issue! The estimated cost for a 100 children would really depend on their age and the number of years remaining until they turn 16, because they will be provided with free milk until they reach that age. The success of this program could be evaluated by a reduction in the amount of children with bone disorders throughout Indonesia. If less children were diagnosed with osteoporosis and rickets, it would indicate a reduction in calcium deficiency. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Food Technology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Food Technology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Importance of Vitamins and Minerals In the Human Body.

    4 star(s)

    found in the following foods, and they should be added to the diet because vitamins cannot be digested raw: fortified cereals, egg, butter, sweet potato, raw carots, spinach, apricot, zucchini, and squash butternut. Another important vitamin is Biotin, it is a water-soluble vitamin, It can only be synthesized by bacteria,

  2. What makes a balanced diet?

    For example, butter is often described as a 'saturated fat' as it has more saturated fatty acids than unsaturated fatty acids, whereas most vegetable oils are described as 'unsaturated fats' since they have more mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids than saturated.

  1. I have been asked to produce an A4 booklet describing the components of a ...

    Six months ago he decided that six months ago he would train to run a marathon which as is well known that is not an easy feat and takes a lot of training and the participants need to have the right diet.

  2. A healthy diet when Pregnant.

    * Cook food thoroughly and according to manufacturers' instructions. * Cool leftover food quickly and use within 24 hours. * Wash your hands carefully after you have touched any animal. Folic Acid is one of the B vitamins. It is in vitamin supplements and in a variety of foods such as bread, breakfast cereals, broccoli, green beans, oranges and beef extracts.

  1. Nutrients and a Healthy Diet Dietary Intake

    The simplest way to monitor the 'energy balance' is to keep a regular check of your weight. Key factors in your training diet Each day have three main meals and two to three snacks. All meals should contain both carbohydrate and protein - 20 to 30 grams worth of protein

  2. A Balanced Diet.

    An average adult requires about 12,000kJ of energy a day, most of this is supplied by the respiration of carbohydrates in the cells. Carbohydrates are used principally as a respiratory substrates, i.e. to be oxidised to release energy for active transport, macromolecule synthesis, cell division and muscle contraction.

  1. Nutrients are split into two main groups, the macronutrients which contains carbohydrates, fats and ...

    a molecule of water (H O), therefore the molecular formula of each of the disaccharides is C H O . Starch is a type of polysaccharide, it is made up of lots of glucose molecules linked together. Fibre is another type of polysaccharide, it is the part of a plant which is resistant to the body's digestive enzymes.

  2. In this task I will describe and explain the dietary programme for people with ...

    The whey contained in the milk provides the body with protein quickly. The casein contained in the milk provides a slow developing source of protein, this is why it is highly recommending to drink milk before going to bed. (Some people prefer buying casein supplements, which are available in powder form).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work