• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain what is needed for a balanced diet, including vitamins and minerals.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain what is needed for a balanced diet, including vitamins and minerals. A BALANCED DIET is a diet that contains adequate amounts of all the necessary nutrients - carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals - required for healthy growth and activity. A diet is balanced when food intake is equal to the body's needs. These needs vary according to age, gender, level of activity, pregnancy and size - the average adult male requires 11000 KJ of energy per day while the average adult female requires 9000 KJ per day. Carbohydrates are the body's primary source of energy, and are a large part of most people's diets. They are also building blocks for larger molecules. Carbohydrates can be obtained by eating cereals, wheat, bread, pasta and potatoes. Proteins are used in growth and repair, and in rare cases as energy. ...read more.

Middle

- Source: Cereals, legumes, nuts, pork - Function: Promotes proper nerve functioning, helps with digestion of carbohydrates � Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) - Source: All citrus fruits, green vegetables, kale, leeks, turnip greens, broccoli, watercress, brussel sprouts, tomatoes and cabbage - Function: Prevents gingivitis and gum-bleeding. Keeps blood vessels strong and helps in the healing of cuts and bruises � Vitamin D - Source: Fish, cod liver oil, butter, egg yolks and fortified milk - Function: Needed in maintenance of teeth and bones. Necessary to let body absorb calcium Minerals � Calcium - Source: Green leafy vegetables, milk, buttermilk, cheese, yogurt, dairy products, sardines - Function: Strengthens heart muscle, builds strong bones, required in clotting of blood. Necessary for activating enzymes used to convert food to energy � Chromium - Source: White potatoes, whole grain cereals and seafood - Function: Along with insulin, maintains blood glucose levels � Magnesium - Source: Green leafy vegetables, fortified whole grain cereal, bread, oysters, ...read more.

Conclusion

This made it harder for the average-income Indonesian to buy enough milk to prevent calcium deficiency for his family. Nutrition Program In order to help with the calcium deficiency problem being faced by many Indonesian children, I would set up healthcare centers in impoverished areas, and give out free milk a few times a week to all children under the age of 16 who come to the center (16 because most of the essential physical and mental development has taken place already). Some problems I might face include that there are a lot of malnourished children in Indonesia, and funding would be a big issue! The estimated cost for a 100 children would really depend on their age and the number of years remaining until they turn 16, because they will be provided with free milk until they reach that age. The success of this program could be evaluated by a reduction in the amount of children with bone disorders throughout Indonesia. If less children were diagnosed with osteoporosis and rickets, it would indicate a reduction in calcium deficiency. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Food Technology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Food Technology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Importance of Vitamins and Minerals In the Human Body.

    4 star(s)

    found in the following foods, and they should be added to the diet because vitamins cannot be digested raw: fortified cereals, egg, butter, sweet potato, raw carots, spinach, apricot, zucchini, and squash butternut. Another important vitamin is Biotin, it is a water-soluble vitamin, It can only be synthesized by bacteria,

  2. Nutrients are split into two main groups, the macronutrients which contains carbohydrates, fats and ...

    If some of the hydrogen atoms are missing and have been replaced by a double bond between the carbon atoms, the fatty acid is called unsaturated.

  1. Nutrition & Diet: Issues for People who have Learning Disabilities

    We as nurses have the greatest contact with our clients; it is our duty to inform them as far as possible about healthy eating, awareness of possible consequences of poor diet and to teach skills such as cooking and shopping.

  2. I have been asked to produce an A4 booklet describing the components of a ...

    McDonalds are a very big sponsor of grass level football events and courses and people could feel that as McDonalds are associated with sport it must be healthy but it is still a fast food outlet and the foods are not that healthy.

  1. Nutrients and a Healthy Diet Dietary Intake

    What do I need to do ? Calculate your daily basic and extra requirements, monitor your daily intake (especially your carbohydrates) and then adjust your diet to meet your daily requirements. A good balanced diet should provide you with the required nutrients but does needs to be monitored.

  2. A Balanced Diet.

    An average adult requires about 12,000kJ of energy a day, most of this is supplied by the respiration of carbohydrates in the cells. Carbohydrates are used principally as a respiratory substrates, i.e. to be oxidised to release energy for active transport, macromolecule synthesis, cell division and muscle contraction.

  1. Eating disorders - Hypothesis = The media are inducing eating disorders by exhibiting pictures ...

    Kelly Brownell has reported on research done by colleagues on the effects of weight cycling in rats, which is like yo-yo dieting in humans. A group of rats were dieted and then re-fed. In the second cycle of restriction the rats needed 46 days on the same calorie intake to lose the weight they had previously lost in 21 days.

  2. What makes a balanced diet?

    Fat Fat is a concentrated source of energy (9 kcla per gram compared with 4 kcal per gram in carbohydrate) and provides more than double that provided by either protein or carbohydrate. It is a carrier for fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work