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How can Malnutrition be caused by social, economic, cultural and environmental conditions.

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Introduction

Amrit Purba How can Malnutrition be caused by social, economic, cultural and environmental conditions. Malnutrition is a condition where the diet is not balanced resulting with a deficiency disease. It happens worldwide but can be more common to developing countries, as economic, social, cultural and environmental conditions all have an influence A balanced diet involves sufficient amount of carbohydrates, lipids, fibre, protein, vitamins, and minerals and water. Lack of these nutrients or overload can increase the risk of having a deficiency disease. High amounts of lipids (fats) cause obesity, because of the high-energy content. This causes strain on joints; leading to foot-problems, pressure on the spine and more work for the heart. Lipids also increase the risk of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD), by blocking the coronary arteries. Fat and cholesterol accumulates in artery walls causing Arteriosclerosis- where the wall of an artery bulges and blocks blood flow. Cholesterol occurs in saturated lipids (no double-bonds) such as animal fat and butter. Hence the reason to eat less fat and substitute for other means like vegetable oil and unsaturated lipids. ...read more.

Middle

Fibre is very important for the diet. It is material that cannot be digested and mainly consists of cellulose from plants; therefore common sources of fibre are fruit, vegetables and cereals. It improves the health of the gut by spreading up throughout, preventing stagnation and providing exercise for the muscles of the gut wall. Insufficient amount of fibre is more commonly found among developed countries, where many unhealthier foods are available. Many investigations have shown that fibre can prevent constipation and maybe also reduce the risk of diseases of the large intestine including appendicitis, cancer and haemorrhoids but evidence for this is weak. Many people all around the world are Vegans or Vegetarians, if it be by own chose or cultural, religious views. A vegan diet contains no animal product consumption; therefore not eating meat, fish, milk, butter, chesses, eggs, and any other dairy products. Vegetarian diets vary but they usually include eggs, milk, butter cheese but excluding meat. There may be strong ethical and moral reasons for not eating meat etc, but their diets can result in many deficiencies. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another example is monosodium glutamate, which is added to foods as a flavour enhancer. Some people maybe allergic to impurities added to it causing sweating, rapid heartbeat and headaches. People are encouraged to look carefully at food labels to check for food additives and other foods so they can maintain their nutrient levels; therefore create a balanced diet. However in specific parts of the world malnutrition cannot be helped. Places in poverty, may have difficulty in buying food, or crops grown by farmers may be insufficient due to lack of investment. Or even environmental conditions where droughts or floods might destroy crops, resulting in mineral deficiencies in soil. Some countries under corrupt government may be victims of malnutrition where certain food production is stopped or after-math of war a typical disease is scurvy where fresh fruit and vegetables are not available. Malnutrition is common all over the world but popular in some places more than others. The worst countries to experience malnutrition would be where there was a low economic rate, bad weather conditions for crops to grow and bad social events effecting the eating habits of the people. 1 ...read more.

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