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In this task I will describe and explain the dietary programme for people with different types of illnesses and lifestyles. Introduction

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Introduction

Case Studies In this task I will describe and explain the dietary programme for people with different types of illnesses and lifestyles. Introduction The importance of good nutrition is not a new concept, for even Hippocrates who lived 400 B.C said, "Let food be your medicine and medicine be your food". In this day and age, the issue of nutrition has become even more of important subject. At least four of the ten leading causes of death (heart disease, cancer, stroke and diabetes) in the United States are directly related to people's diet. But while the wrong diet can be deadly, eating right is among the key cornerstones of health. Of course, food alone isn't the key to a longer and healthier life. Good nutrition should be part of an overall healthy lifestyle, which also includes regular exercise, not smoking or drinking alcohol and not taking other toxic substances. Genes also participate a great deal in a persons risk for certain health problems. Fortunately what a person eats can greatly influence that person's body. For example, Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) can begin in early childhood, but the process can be stopped and also reversed if a person changes their diet and lifestyle to a healthy one. Osteoporosis (bone thinning) can be slowed one if enough calcium and vitamin D is consumed and regular exercise is performed. These examples are evidence that a balanced diet have great positive effects on the body. To stay healthy a body needs the correct amounts of the three main components of nutrition, which are carbohydrates, fats, and protein. The body also needs and minerals from a variety of foods. Also moderation must be taken in consideration, as eating too much or too little of any food or nutrient can cause negative effects on the body. Case Study Name of person Information 1 Sam Person is a long distance runner 2 Raj Person is a body builder 3 Chris Person has diabetes 4 Case Study One: Sam Sam is a female and a long distance runner. ...read more.

Middle

Iron is a very important component of a runners diet, as it carries oxygen around the body. Case Study Two: Raj Raj is enthusiastic about muscle pumping, but he's against taking any forms of drugs that would help him build up his body. As Raj doesn't take drugs and supplements, he must follow a special diet to help increase the development of his body. Importance of special dietary requirements: Raj's diet revolves around three food groups unlike other nutritional diet, which are based on five. The three food groups are proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Proteins are made from various amino acids and they are the building blocks of the entire muscle tissue within our bodies. Protein manufactures, repairs and maintains our muscles, therefore protein is the vital ingredient for a muscle builder, such as Raj. Muscle builders need more protein in their diet than other athletes, as their objective is to increase the size of their muscles. Description of the individual's special dietary requirements: If Raj wants to optimise his muscle growth, he must consume a number of different amino acids every day at regular intervals. Lots of protein in Raj's diet is essential but he must not take excessive protein amounts, as that will have a harmful effect on his kidney's and liver. The level of protein consumption deeded by a person is dependent of the individual's bodyweight and age. Protein is available in a number of foods such as Egg, Milk, Whey and of course Meat. A weight lifting program must be followed with a high protein diet in order to build and sustain muscle growth. A weight lifting diet should consist of between 20% to 30% protein. That's about 0.8 to 1.3 grams of protein per pound of body weight. Therefore a person with a weight of about 65 kilograms should have between 102 grams to 189 grams of protein per day. ...read more.

Conclusion

Diabetics with type 2 also tend to be zinc deficient, caused by excess loss of zinc in their urine. However evidence has shown that zinc supplements do not help people with type 2 diabetics and does not lower their blood sugar levels. Type 1 diabetics are advised to be moderate about the amount of zinc supplements they take. Because recent evidence has shown that zinc supplementation increased glycosylation, generally a sign of deterioration of the condition. A typical menu for a day For breakfast Chris has a boiled egg and two pieces of wholemeal toast spread with a low in saturate butter and a glass of orange juice. The table below shows the amounts of the main nutrients provided in the meal. The table excludes information on low in saturate butter and the glass of orange juice. Energy 268 kcal Protein 15.8 g Total Carbohydrates 33.8 g Total Fat 7.4 Salt 0.8 For lunch Chris has 160 g of oven chips with a grilled cod and a glass of water. The table below shows the amounts of the main nutrients provided in the meal. The table excludes information on sources and the glass of orange water. Energy 360.01 kcal Protein 23.61 Total Carbohydrates 47.20 Total Fat 9.09 For dinner Chris has about 200 g of pasta and a glass of water. The table below shows the amounts of the main nutrients provided in the meal. The table excludes information on pasta source and the glass of orange water. Energy 352.60 kcal Protein 15.17 g Total Carbohydrates 52.69 g Total Fat 9.02 g Salt 0.8 g Chris's total daily intake of the main nutrients is shown in the table below. Energy 980.61 kcal Protein 54.58 g Total Carbohydrates 133.69 Total Fat 25.51 Salt 1.6 Comparing Chris's daily intake to what he should be eating I can conclude that he the amount of energy, ccarbohydrates and fat he is getting from his meals is not enough. It is obvious looking at the tale that Chris's protein and salt levels are fine. ?? ?? ?? ?? Dilwar Choudhury Task 3 ...read more.

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