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Nutrition For Sport.

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Introduction

Gemma Brookhouse Nutrition For Sport In this assignment I am going to identify and detail vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, protein and fats. I am going to identify the types of food that these nutrients are found in and the functions that these nutrients have upon the body. I will give positive and negative examples in consuming them. I will then identify an elite performer and using secondary resources I will detail their recommended nutritional requirements based upon their age, gender and sport. Once I have gathered this information I will discuss the factors that can and/or do affect the athletes nutritional intake. Finally I will analyse the relationship between diet and health within sport. Task One Nutrient Type Effect On Body Where It Is Found Vitamins Vitamins are classified into two groups, water-soluble and fat-soluble. Vitamin b and c are found in water-soluble. Water-soluble vitamins help release energy from carbohydrates, help in metabolism, they are healthy for your skin, and they assist in the production of haemoglobin and reed blood cells. Water-soluble vitamins also have a negative affect on the body. If you do not have enough water-soluble vitamins then you will be fatigued, depressed and irritable, you will get irritations and itching of your skin, cracks around your mouth, tongue and nose, weakening of your body tissues skin, gum and blood vessels, incomplete absorbtion of iron leading to anaemia and in severe cases you could get scurvy. ...read more.

Middle

you will become more susceptible to disease due to lack of antibodies and in severe cases found in third world countries, diseases such as kwashiorkor and marasmus may occur especially in children. These are mainly found in animal sources such as eggs, fish, cheese and meat. Low biological proteins are mainly found in plant foods such as beans, peas and lentils. Fats Fats insulate the body; it prevents heat loss through a layer of fat just under the skin. They protect your delicate organs such as your liver and kidney by putting a layer of fat around them. It is also a source of fat-soluble vitamins. There are two types of fat: saturated and unsaturated. A deficiency in fats rarely occurs as with carbohydrates fats are found in most foods that we eat. Saturated fats are found in animal sources such as meat, eggs, milk, cheese, cream and butter. Unsaturated fats are found in plant and fish sources like peas, beans, lentils, whole cereals, nuts, cooking oils, polyunsaturated margarine and oily fish. Task Two In this task I will be identifying David Beckham as the elite performer that I am going to study. David Beckham is a 28-year-old elite footballer. This means he is one of the best players in his position. He plays right midfield for Real Madrid and England. ...read more.

Conclusion

Easy Steps to Improve His Diet - Eat breakfast. This is the most important meal of the day, so it should not be skipped. - Reduce the amount of coffee, tea and cola that he drinks, and replace them with water, fruit juice or other healthy drinks. - Eat healthier snacks. Eat carrots, dry breakfast cereal, nuts, rice cakes, rye, crisp breads, bagels or toast rather than crisps, chocolate bars and sweets. - Reduce sugary foods, for example by eliminating sugar from tea, coffee and breakfast cereal. - Reduce his intake of fatty foods. For example, reduce the amount of butter, margarine, fatty meat, beef burgers, chips and crisps that he eats. - Drink plenty of fluids before a match, at half time and after the match, particularly in hot, humid weather. - Avoid sugary snacks immediately before the start of a match. Fruit, such as bananas, or other carbohydrate-rich snacks are better. Avoid over-eating before a match. - Replace fluids, salts and carbohydrates that he has used during the match. How David Beckham Recovers After A Match Here are four tips that help David Beckham to recover from a hard match or training session. - Rest, and make sure he has enough sleep. - Replace his body salts by eating. Most foods naturally contain salts, but fruit juices are particularly good choices, and these will also replace fluids. - Replace his body carbohydrates by eating carbohydrate-rich foods within two hours after a match or training session. - Drink plenty of fluids to replace what was lost through sweat. ...read more.

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