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Product & Design

Free essay example:

Candidate Name: Christopher-John Hammond

Candidate Number:

Centre Number: 12204

Ashmole School

Design Brief

Situation

It has been noticed that the number of teenagers have problems with space lately. The designers from companies have offered opportunities for the target 14-16 year olds to come up with their own ideas. This may make a profitable product.

Analysis (Problem)

Most often teenage boy’s rooms are disorderly, and this may be due to lack of space or incompatible storage. For example there is no storage for game consoles, iPods, PSPs and many more. Regularly there is storage for CD’s and DVD’s, but in some cases their rooms become cluttered and untidy due to wires all over the place because of lack of storage for game consoles and so on. Also things such as DVD players also become space consuming. Especially with teenagers becoming more demanding for more products, that requires space. Also too many objects such as DVD players game consoles are confined within each other, therefore creating wires clutter, which is firstly dangerous and secondly unattractive.  

Solution

I’m aim to design a storage unit for teenage boys. I believe this is the solution because there is such a demanding market for game console, TV's and many more screen based media, and so this design will generate sales. This product should mainly appeal 14-19 year old males. Its main objectives are to save space; therefore it will only be big enough for it to meet its purposes, further more it will create a safer environment to live in. This product will be attractive and ergonomic.

Mood Board

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Specifications

Aesthetics

It must appeal to the user group. As that will be the target market. Because it should appeal to the user it should look modern and stylish, as the user is 14-19.

Ergonomics

I will curve and smooth all edges and surfaces so it will be much easier and better to hold and carry when or if needed.

Construction

I will only use woodworking machines that I have been trained to use properly and safely. Always wear safety glasses or goggles. Wear dust masks when required.

Safety

I will sand, curve and smooth all edges and surfaces to prevent and splinters to the user.

Function

I will aim to design a storage unit, mainly for teenage boys from 14-19. It will store a variety of screen based media for example PSP’s or an iPod. It will be designed for the purpose to save space.

Texture

Smooth all edges and surfaces, so it will be user friendly.

Materials

I will hope to make my product with either MDF or pine.

Colour

I will finish my product with a dark blue.

Cost

It must be affordable to the user group, so it will be around £10-£15.

User

User it must appeal to all teenagers of the age of 14-19

Schedule

Process

Sketch

Time

Tools/ Machines

Risks

Precautions

Materials/ Components

Quality Control

Alternative Ways of Making

Scale of Production

Measurements

15 mins

Pencil and a ruler

No risks

Don’t make any incorrect measurements

MDF

Check every stage

Jigs and moulds

Batch

Cutting

45 mins

Jig saw and a tenant saw

Cutting myself

Saw away from my self

MDF

Saw along the lines

Jigs and moulds

Batch

Filing and sanding

50 mins

File and sand belt

Saw dust in my eyes

Wear Goggles

MDF

Check every stage

Jigs and moulds

Batch

Making joints

60 mins

File, hammer and chisel

Hitting my hand with the hammer

Be sure to be precise when hammering

MDF

Check every stage

Jigs and moulds

Batch

Glue all pieces of wood together

60 mins

Glue and Clamps

No risks

Gluing wrong pieces together

MDF

Check every stage

Jigs and moulds

Batch

Nail all the pieces after glue has dried

50 mins

Nail and hammer

Hitting my hand with the hammer

Be sure to be precise when hammering

MDF

Check every stage

Jigs and moulds

Batch

Paint first layer

120 mins

Paint

No risks

Don’t paint the wrong surface

MDF

Check every stage

Spray machine

Batch

Paint second layer

120 mins

Paint

No risks

Don’t paint the wrong surface

MDF

Check every stage

Spray machine

Batch

Materials Research

Name

Picture

Colour

Density

Grain

Finishing

Distinctive Characteristics

Common Uses

Ash

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Creamy white to light brown heartwood, light sapwood. 

Very hard, excellent shock resistance. 

Distinctive wide-open grain has occasional brown streaks.

Takes all finishes well, pigmented stains will bring out the grain nicely. 

Excellent Oak substitute, “Golden Oak”.

Furniture, mouldings, flooring, baseball bats. 

Basswood

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Cream to beige colour. 

Very soft texture, like pine, very light in weight, weak strength properties. 

Fine, tight grain, non distinctive. 

Soaks up finish, dark stains will show very dark, light stains will bring out grain. 

Light weight, cheaply priced substitute for darker woods (Cherry, Walnut, Mahogany) when stained, dimensionally stable after proper drying.

Moulding, carving, wood Venetian blinds, core stock for doors and plywood. 

Beech

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Pink to reddish brown heartwood, sapwood is creamy to pink. 

Very hard, heavy in weight, excellent shock resistance. 

Moderate tight, fine grain with evident flecking at times. 

Should take a finish well. 

Very hard, cheaply priced substitute for Oak, Ash,, Hickory, does not impart taste or odour, usually only available in 1”. Very hard to kiln dry properly.

Chair parts, furniture, flooring,  food containers, toys, woodenware.

Cherry

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Red to deep reddish brown heartwood, white to yellowish sapwood.

Medium weight, moderately hard, stiff and strong.

Medium weight, moderately hard, stiff and strong. 

Takes a finish well, however light to natural finishes are recommended. 

Beautiful markings (gum streaks, pin knots sometimes) and red colour will darken to a rich reddish brown with age.

High end furniture, cabinets, interior millwork, musical instruments, panelling, flooring. 

Hard Maple

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Creamy white to off white sapwood-tinged occasionally with slight red brown heartwood. 

Hard, heavy and strong, very resistant to shock and abrasive wear. 

Closed grain, uniform texture. Some of the figured Hard Maple is available (Curly, Birdseye, and Quilted).  

Finishes very well. Some of the figured woods will show variable levels of penetration. 

Great wood for applications requiring hardness. Birdseye and curly patterns are available.

Furniture, handles, cabinets, woodenware, flooring, panelling, millwork and mouldings. 

Eastern white pine

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Sapwood is yellowish white to cream colour; heartwood is reddish brown to creamy tan. 

Soft and very lightweight. 

Mixed broad to tight grain with significant difference between winter wood and summer wood (growth rings). 

Takes a stain and paint very well. 

One of the few types of softwood produced like hardwood lumber (random width and length), it has been often called “God’s gift to the woodworker” due to its diverse properties and uses.

Exterior millwork, furniture, mouldings, panelling, carvings, turning, pattern making. 

Red oak

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Pinkish red to blonde in colour. 

Very hard and strong. 

Openly porous and with dramatic grain patterns. Like White Oak, it is offered in Quartered and Rift grains also. 

Due to porous nature it will soak up stains but also offers a wide variety of finish tones. 

This is probably the most popular hardwood used in modern woodworking. Broad grains give this a pronounced appearance.

Furniture, cabinets, moulding, trim, flooring, panelling, turning. 

Final Idea

Cutting List

Material

Part number

Length (cm)

Width (cm)

Thickness (cm)

quantity

MDF

1

60

30

1

2

MDF

2

30

40

1

4

MDF

3

60

40

1

1

MDF

4

40

20

1

1

Workshop Diary

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Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

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Step 5

Step 6

Step 7

Step 8

Workshop Diary

Step 1:

Firstly I measure what I was going to take out, as I was making housing joint, and to ensure that I made my measurements as accurate as possible the equipment I used was the carpenter’s tri-square and obviously a ruler and a pencil. After I had made the measurements I a tenon saw to cut half way down into the piece of wood however keeping safe I used a vice to do so. Following that I used a mallet hammer and a chisel to chip away some of the wood.  I then continue on to file down the chipped surface, until it’s smooth and flat.

Step 2:

I simply cut all the pieces so they were could all be correctly fitted together. I used a tenon saw and a jig saw. I used the jig saw because it was faster than a tenon saw, however I had to use the tenon saw after to crop the edges.

Step 3:

I then used a sand belt and a file to make all the edges completely even. Basically using the same concept as the jig saw and the tenon saw, I used the sand belt because it was faster and then used the file to crop down the edges.

Step 4:

Using the same concept as the sand belt and the file and the jig saw and the tenon, I used the electric sander on all the surfaces, and curve the edges for safety reason stated earlier. Then I use sand paper for hard to reach places such as inside corners.

Step 5:

At this point all the pieces have been cut, filed and sanded in the purpose of making them all fit together. I had started by gluing the pieces together, and clamping the over night. Once the glue has dried I went on to nail all the pieces together, to ensure that my product won’t fall apart.

Step 6:

I painted the first layer of my product, however I only painted the inside of the product as it is the hardest to paint. And then wait for it to dry.

Step 7:

I painted the second layer of the inside of my product. I wasn’t going to start painting the outside of my product because there was no sense as it was the end of the lesson.

Step 8:

Today I began to paint the first layer of my product; this time I painted the outside of the product. And then wait for it to dry. I painted the second layer of the outside of my product. I was able to do this because I stayed after school to do so.

Industrial Practices

In Industry

To make my iPod, Playstation 2 and PSP holder I would use a process that involves jigs and moulds. This is the fastest, most efficient and accurate process of production. And of course this process will be the same for every holder; this guarantees that every holder would exactly identical, unless there is something wrong with either the jigs or the moulds.

CAD/CAM

CAM is Computer Aided Manufacture and CAD is Computer Aided Design. In this case I would use something such as pro desktop or another piece of software that allows 3D design. This would make the process quicker and easier as every single measurement will be accurate to a tenth of a millimetre. This makes it even easier for product designers as the can change any aspect of the product without having to do it separately after the process had finished, which would therefore not guarantee each product being identical.

Batch Production

My product will be produced in batches this would save costs of production, which results in more profit.

Quality Assurance

After each stage workers would be situated (in a safe environment) at a position where the each stage will be checked for any faults.

Quality Control

To also ensure quality is of high standard I would have quality control stations along the production line.

Costs

MDF tends to be inexpensive because in essence it’s recycled so it comes at a low cost.  

Time

My product will take up to two hours to complete in industry, this is because I have two different colours, and to ensure that the colours won’t mix, there will be a need to delay, as well as there having to be two layers of paint on each surface.

Evaluation

Aesthetics

It appeals to the user group because it looks modern and stylish, as the user is 14-16.

Ergonomics

I curved and smooth all edges and surfaces so it will be much easier and better to hold and carry when or if needed.

Construction

I only used woodworking machines that I have been trained to use properly and safely.  And always wore safety glasses or goggles. Wore dust masks when required.

Safety

I curved the edges so there are no sharp edges for people to hurt themselves. And I always wore safety glasses or goggles

Function

I met the function of the product because it serves its purpose of providing space and storing multiple of electronic items such as the PSP and iPod and a Playstation 2.

Texture

Using the electrical sander on all the surfaces, I and curved all the edges. Then I use sand paper for hard to reach places such as inside corners.

Materials

I made my product out of MDF, it’s cheap and it is a recycled wood.

Colour

I finished my product with a dark blue and a deep red.

Manufacture

I think it has been suitably made, although I could have made more attempts to stay after school and pay more attention to detail. There were a couple of faults such as the paint type. When I was buying paint I unintentionally bought the incorrect paint.

Materials used

MDF, I thought this was the most suitable material to use and provides a good finish.

Life of product

MDF is able to recycle. As well as that it can last for a couple of years.

Market potential

I think if my product is properly advertised, its market potential will increase. If not advertised properly I don’t think any product will have potential.

Safety and Control

Safety Precautions

  • Wear safety goggles or glasses
  • Always wear an apron
  • Tuck your tie into your shirt
  • Wear a face mask if necessary
  • Shoe laces tied
  • When using the electric drill ensure that the safety guard is in place
  • If you have long hair make sure it is tied back
  • Use gloves when using certain types of equipment

What happens if you don’t follow safety precautions?

  • If you don’t wear safety goggles and you using the sand belt saw dust can easily get into your eye. If saw dust does get in to your eye, it will cause irritations and depending on the quantity of saw dust in your eye you may even need surgery.
  • Tucking in your shirt as well as always using an apron is extremely important, especially when using the electrical drill. If you tie is caught in the drill you will be pulled in towards it, which has serious consequences.
  • Wearing a face mask isn’t as threatening. Its just prevents saw dust getting into your mouth. If saw dust does get into your mouth, it’s not life threatening, but it will cause irritations.
  • Leaving your shoelaces untied can be extremely dangerous. Take for instance your walking to the tools cabinet and someone walking towards you is holding a sharp object and you trip over your shoelaces. Not a situation you necessarily want to be in.
  • Not putting the safety guard in place or tying you hair back has the same consequences as not tucking your shirt, or not using an apron, or not tucking your tie in you shirt.
  •  If I’m using glue gun and I accidentally get some on my hand, it will be without a doubt quite painful. That’s why I would use gloves when using a glue gun.

Specification

Aesthetics

Ergonomics

Construction

Safety

Function

Texture

User

Cost

Colour

Materials

How it’s met its specification?

9

6

8

6

10

7

8

7

9

7

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This appeals to the user group, because it looks modern and stylish.

As well as that it is ergonomically suited because all the edges will have been curved and smooth. And because I curved all the edges there are no sharp edges for people to hurt themselves. This easily meats its function because it serves its purpose of providing space and storing multiple of electronic items such as the PSP and iPod and a Playstation 2. I finished my product with a dark blue and a deep red.

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