• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Researching Global Futures

Extracts from this document...


Andrew Monk Candidate Number: 6119 Centre Number: 28144 Advanced Level Geography: Edexcel B Specification Unit 5b) Researching Global Futures "Challenges for Human Environments" 'Food aid is never the answer to famine'. Discuss this statement with reference to a range of famine areas. The opening paragraph of a report written in 1999 by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN) made for grim reading: "Almost 800 million people in the developing world do not have enough to eat. Another 34 million people in the industrialized countries and countries in transition also suffer from chronic food insecurity" It is apparent that globally there is a serious problem with providing enough food to eat to everyone that requires it. This report will, by its conclusion, have studied whether 'Food aid is (never) the answer to famine' or not. In order for this conclusion to be firmly established, it is required that a definition for what a famine is, and what it's causes are, is brought to the fore. Moving on from this, we will need to investigate areas in which famine is a regular, or even seemingly constant occurrence, where food aid has been offered to solve the problems, and look at it's subsequent effects, both positive and negative. After looking at the effects of food aid provision, a look at alternatives that have been suggested by groups such as the FAO, the World Food Programme (WFP), and the charitable, non-government organizations (NGOs) ...read more.


Food aid didn't help here in solving the long term problem of famine arising, it did help in that some people survived the floods in as much as they got some assistance to fulfil their nutritional requirements. Another natural disaster that leads to a need for sudden mass aid, are earthquakes, and I would like to look at the more recent events hitting Afghanistan, to an earthquake of magnitude six on the Richter scale, dated 26th March 2002, which had an epicentre at the town of Nahrin, in the nation's remote, mountainous, and yet well populated, northern province of Baghian - a town which was effectively destroyed. Due to the total devastation, access to the already remote region became increasingly difficult, particularly with the numerous aftershocks involved. Some 50,000 people were homeless, with little to no food, and no water supply - and under the definition given earlier, a famine was now facing the United Nations. Food aid was flown in by the various organizations already mentioned earlier, although it was frequently reported that this aid was being sold to the highest buyer, preferential treatment was being given, and that because of this violent clashes broke out at points of distribution of the aid. Due to these clashes, the aid was delayed, as the workers transporting the aid were under threat - often requiring escorts to the large camps. ...read more.


2. Secondly, achieving food security must also contribute to sustainable agriculture (so that dependency on food aid is limited), rural development and the achievement of sustainable production and consumption. Some of the alternatives to constant food aid, offered by the WFP, that were considered at the 2002 Earth Summit are summarized in Table 1. Looking at the issue of trade as an alternative, more long-term option, I would like to offer news of the success of a British aid worker in Kenya, Jim Chettle, who encouraged a group of farmers, struggling individually, to form a company, "Farmers Own". The farmers used local produce; soya, beans, nuts and rice to make confectionary, and snacks. Chettle firmly believes that people receiving aid should be encouraged more to diversify in these ways. Reducing poverty by promoting sustainable livelihoods would allow access to alternative food sources during local shortages. Communities would become food secure if they diversify crop patterns, use tradition varieties of crops resistant to disease and climate variation, balance food and cash crops, and have more adequate storage facilities. After considering the points raised in this report, I do not believe that food aid is never the answer to famine, it would appear to be an answer in solving short term emergencies, but communities should be encouraged to follow the path of Jim Chettle and Farmers Own, I believe - the long term benefits would be more rewarding and personally secure, for the state of mind of ones self, and ones family. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Food Technology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Food Technology essays

  1. "Food shortages in Developing (less developed) countries are due at least as much to ...

    In total over 50% of the GDP from Ethiopia comes from agriculture, therefore when there is a bad harvest the country as a whole struggles, likewise 90% of the countries exports are due to agriculture. This means that international trade with Ethiopia will come to a halt every time that there is a poor harvest.

  2. heal and social unit 2

    unemployment can lead to crime. If you have mortgage you will not be able to pay up because you do not have any money. This might make you homeless. You can also loose you health insurance. There are different types of unemployment.

  1. Investigating the retail trade in my town

    This means we can help producers in poorer countries invest for the future, as well as being sure they operate to high ethical standards. Waitrose was the first supermarket to sell loose Fairtrade bananas, thanks to our partnership with a group of 100 small growers on the Windward Islands.

  2. The Decline of the 'High Street'

    It is merely down to lack of consumer knowledge that such big changes have come about so soon. Supermarkets are appearing everywhere and with it causing smaller shops to shut down. A modern family visits one store for all their food on a weekly basis rather than their local corner shops every now and then.

  1. Science Case Study

    This is where you begin to gain weight. There is always a healthy amount of exercise that a person can do to lose small amounts of weight with out putting their body at risk. Taken from class notes. I have given articles on size zero, explained what a healthy diet is and the importance of exercise.

  2. Describing the Nature of the FAO Report "The State of Food Insecurity in the ...

    An alternative view would define the concept of food insecurity as referring only to the consequence of inadequate consumption of nutritious food, considering the physiological utilization of food by the body as being within the domain of nutrition and health2.

  1. Genetically Engineered Crops

    Government programs already exist to provide funds to independent farmers, so it would not be difficult to include money for genetically altered crops. On the other hand, many people prefer to buy "all natural" foods (Rader). This growing trend could benefit farmers who do not grow genetically engineered plants by providing them with a different consumer base than corporate farms.

  2. Health Report.

    Exercise can slow down the ageing process. 5. Should not eat outside too much---Food in restaurant usually contain huge amount of oil, salt, which should be taken the least in the food pyramid. We should watch the amount of salt we eat because it contains sodium, and having too much sodium can raise blood pressure.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work