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Textile crafts.

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Introduction

Textile crafts: Weaving The weaver produces the sousi garbi, khais, lungi (now negligible) farasi etc. The Sousi is a common wear of the women folk of Sindh and is available in beautiful colours and designs in cotton and silk. Sousis, garbis and motros are made in an endless variety of striped design, they are named according to the prevailing colours and the design or pattern of the stripes. The panjkani (five colours), sat rangi (seven colours) zanzer-ao (chain like) and tillai (match stick) are most common. Ajrak Fabric woven and patterned is tradition of a people, translating dreams born in swift rising desert sands, dyes of indigo and vermillion red, from lattice patterns on fabric through a process, laborious and painstaking. An art and a tradition, the cloth of the inhabitants of Sindh 'Ajrak' -- aptly described by Noor Jehan Bilgrami. The Blocks used are a beautiful specimens of wood carving. It is a colour fast fabrics put to multifarious uses. Its making is lengthy, complex and highly technical art. In the first place, the cloth is washed in solution of water and 'soak' or the crushed berries of the lyre or Soda khaar, it is then steamed and stamped with wooden blocks. The die is dipped first in a solution the alizerin i.e. the red colouring matter, then in two other solutions for depth, the cloth with design printed on it is dipped sucessively in a solution of indigo boiled in a cauldron, dipped in a solution , dried and again dipped in indigo. ...read more.

Middle

Wood carved designs, floral and geometrical are done in architecture, furniture, doors, windows, panels, roofs etc.The stone carvers are also of the same family and use this technique on stone. Makli, Chaukundi and Shahpur Chakar bear witness to the excellence of this craft. Embroidery: A needle work art where the Sindhi women exceled for it has come to her through ages. The thin bronze needles from the excavation of Moen-jo-Daro are witness to this craft. In the local jargon it is called the Bhart-filling in with ornamental needle work of a fabric in silk or cotton. It originated as needle craft by women for their personal adornment. The most picturesque of these decorative styles with different motifs is the Gaj, the Abochani, the Bokani, the Astan. They are amazing patterns of rich brilliant colours, gleaming with little round mirrors. Besides mirrors, beads and small shells are also used. Zardozi A specific type of embroidery with silver or golden thread on velvet or other kind of cloth is known as Zardozi, Persian origin 'gold stitching'. Work done on Gota, Champa, Thapa, Kinara, Sindhi Jutti, Topee, Purses, decorative sheets are special features. The description of it is given in Shah Abdul Latif's 'Sur Maruee'; As long as you can spin, spin on, work-season soon declines; All spinners are-but work of all is not in favour lines She ne'er breaks thread, nor for rest pines who has realized the truth Threads Maru round my wrists tied-gold fine gold they are for ...read more.

Conclusion

They are woven with a shuttle in the ordinary way, the only difficulty being the production of the pattern, which, although regular, occupies the whole of the fabric. These rugs are generally 6 feet long and 4 feet broad. A coarser sort of rug, called Kharir is also very common. This, like a sack is made chiefly of goats hair. Horses nose-bags Tobro acts as Boro and saddle bags Khurzin are also sometimes made of the same material and with the same comparatively elaborate pattern as Farasi. Tall is generally used as a pad to be strapped on horse back as a saddle or as a namdha underneath a saddle. In Thar, we have the Bhils, the Meghwars and Rehbaris who weave woollen fabrics. The Rehbari a shepherd tribe, is known for weaving Woollen cloths and wearing them in winter and summer. Leather work: The Sindhi tanner is a master in his craft. Using the mangrove and bubbur barks, and employing his own native recipes for curing, dyeing and oiling, he has perfected a fine technique for converting crude hide and skin into a soft pliable and durable leather. The woman embroiderer is no less an artist in making her designs and working them in colour. The Sochi or the Mochi, for that is how the leather craftsmen are termed, have the finest contribution. The horses Thadka is covered with designs beautifully worked in gold, silver and coloured thread. The 'Nuth' crowning piece on the camel's back is a large coloured carpet of leather with beautiful designs, in applique in the centre and the four corners. ...read more.

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