• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The dietary related disease that I have chosen to focus on is weight gain/ obesity. There are many possible causes of this disease, the most obvious cause is overeating. Eating too much food

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Diet Analysis Causes The dietary related disease that I have chosen to focus on is weight gain/ obesity. There are many possible causes of this disease, the most obvious cause is overeating. Eating too much food, especially high calorie/ high fat foods will most likely mean that the individual is taking in more calories than they can burn on a daily basis. Those surplus calories will be converted into extra weight, the imbalance that leads to weight gain. The other obvious cause of weight gain is a lack in physical activity. Exercise significantly raises the amount of energy you expend, and also increases muscle build which in turn raises your metabolism. However, there are some factors in weight gain that we simply have no control over. Some illnesses may lead to weight gain, such as Cushing's disease, where the part of the brain that regulates appetite is damaged. Certain medications like steroids and antidepressants may also cause weight gain. There are also other underlying issues that often lead to weight gain, such as genetics, environmental factors, physical inactivity due to injury or illness, eating disorders, such as BED (binge eating disorder) and psychological problems such as depression, and behavioural problems, which cause people to over eat. Effects Being over-weight or obese can cause serious health risks, as well as psychological issues. ...read more.

Middle

The high protein levels are also likely to increase blood-cholesterol levels. This diet does not provide a steady intake of nutrients over the five days. Firstly, the recommended daily intake of dietary fibre is 25 to 30 grams per day, which was easily reached on all five days, which is good. Although, it is a concern that the amount of fibre consumed was 100 times the RDI on day 1 and 5. Too much fibre is likely to cause diarrhoea, which then decreases the absorption of other essential vitamins because food passes through too quickly. The high level of fibre is likely to assist in weight loss. The amount of Calcium in this diet was great, especially for a weight loss diet, and the RDI for this specific person (800mg) was reached on all five days. Due to the fact the Calcium levels were so high, especially on days 2 and 4, this person can afford to reduce their consumption of dairy products on these days too reduce their fat intake. The Iron levels in this diet were also very good and the RDI of 12-16mg was comfortably reached on all five days. The amount of Vitamin C in this diet is extremely high which may be a concern. The RDI for this vitamin is only 30mg, but this diet provides far more than that, especially on day 3 the amount of Vitamin C was 30000mg. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the long term, if the diet was stopped and the user had different eating patterns it is likely that they could either gain weight if their eating patterns worsened or lose weight if their energy intake was closer to the recommended ratio. 6. The role of energy expenditure As this diet is high in kilojoules, the user would need to be very active and expend a lot of energy if they want to lose weight. The Basal Metabolic rate of the person this diet is based on is 7711.2 kJ/day. This comes to 38556 kJ over the five-day period, plus 10% of total energy from thermic effect comes to a total of 75684.23 kJ over the five days. The total average intake of energy over the five days is a huge 171282.3 KJ. This means that the person is consuming an excess of 19120 KJ per day! To be able to lose weight on this diet you would need to be extremely active. For example to burn up the excess 19120 KJ you would need to cycle for over 5 hours per day, which is not possible for a lot of people. Obviously this is a very poor example of a weight loss diet and is definitely not suitable for someone who is overweight and only does light exercise. This diet is very likely to cause a rapid weight gain and should not be recommended. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Food Technology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Food Technology essays

  1. heal and social unit 2

    This will build up muscle and make him fitter. He might want to exercise because he isn't motivated. He mite gets bored after a few minutes. He mite injure him self whilst exercising. Intellectual He mites learn how to do some new activity which he never new how to do.

  2. What is healty eating? Healthy Eating often means making only small changes ...

    Children could have problems such as obesity, heart disease and tooth decay. Obesity. If a child does not eat a balanced diet it could leave them to become over weight or obese.

  1. Chocolate: Behind its bad rap

    Similar cravings during pregnancy could indicate mild anemia, which chocolate's iron content may help to cure. Central nervous stimulants such as caffeine are also present in small amounts, and this has a mild effect on alertness as we know from drinking coffee.

  2. Nutrients and a Healthy Diet Dietary Intake

    13% of 2410=313 kcal - at 4 kcal per gram=313 � 4=78 grams Our 50kg athlete requires: 343 grams of Carbohydrates, 80 grams of Fat and 78 grams of Protein What types of fat are there ? The nature of the fat depends on the type of fatty acids which make up the triglycerides.

  1. Nutrition & Diet: Issues for People who have Learning Disabilities

    The small stature of people with Down syndrome may also cause obesity, as energy needs of smaller people is generally lower due to lower muscle mass (Perry 1996). Dinani and carpenter (1990) point out that hypothyroidism is common in Down syndrome, and if not treated will slow metabolic rate and therefore encourage weight gain.

  2. Eating disorders - Hypothesis = The media are inducing eating disorders by exhibiting pictures ...

    They try to keep their behaviour a secret, not wanting to admit to others what is happening. They feel inadequate, unattractive or worthless. They may act impulsively, sometimes regretting their actions. At times they feel OK, but at other times they may feel like committing suicide.

  1. Measuring the Amount of Energy in Food.

    fire, when it did, it created a constant flame which burned rather strongly and for quite some time.

  2. I have been asked to produce an A4 booklet describing the components of a ...

    During long bouts of intense exercise, it's best to use sports drink that contains sodium, as this will help replace sodium lost in sweat and reduce the chances of developing hyponatremia, which can be life threatening. Fluid also should be replaced after exercise.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work