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The dietary related disease that I have chosen to focus on is weight gain/ obesity. There are many possible causes of this disease, the most obvious cause is overeating. Eating too much food

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Introduction

Diet Analysis Causes The dietary related disease that I have chosen to focus on is weight gain/ obesity. There are many possible causes of this disease, the most obvious cause is overeating. Eating too much food, especially high calorie/ high fat foods will most likely mean that the individual is taking in more calories than they can burn on a daily basis. Those surplus calories will be converted into extra weight, the imbalance that leads to weight gain. The other obvious cause of weight gain is a lack in physical activity. Exercise significantly raises the amount of energy you expend, and also increases muscle build which in turn raises your metabolism. However, there are some factors in weight gain that we simply have no control over. Some illnesses may lead to weight gain, such as Cushing's disease, where the part of the brain that regulates appetite is damaged. Certain medications like steroids and antidepressants may also cause weight gain. There are also other underlying issues that often lead to weight gain, such as genetics, environmental factors, physical inactivity due to injury or illness, eating disorders, such as BED (binge eating disorder) and psychological problems such as depression, and behavioural problems, which cause people to over eat. Effects Being over-weight or obese can cause serious health risks, as well as psychological issues. ...read more.

Middle

The high protein levels are also likely to increase blood-cholesterol levels. This diet does not provide a steady intake of nutrients over the five days. Firstly, the recommended daily intake of dietary fibre is 25 to 30 grams per day, which was easily reached on all five days, which is good. Although, it is a concern that the amount of fibre consumed was 100 times the RDI on day 1 and 5. Too much fibre is likely to cause diarrhoea, which then decreases the absorption of other essential vitamins because food passes through too quickly. The high level of fibre is likely to assist in weight loss. The amount of Calcium in this diet was great, especially for a weight loss diet, and the RDI for this specific person (800mg) was reached on all five days. Due to the fact the Calcium levels were so high, especially on days 2 and 4, this person can afford to reduce their consumption of dairy products on these days too reduce their fat intake. The Iron levels in this diet were also very good and the RDI of 12-16mg was comfortably reached on all five days. The amount of Vitamin C in this diet is extremely high which may be a concern. The RDI for this vitamin is only 30mg, but this diet provides far more than that, especially on day 3 the amount of Vitamin C was 30000mg. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the long term, if the diet was stopped and the user had different eating patterns it is likely that they could either gain weight if their eating patterns worsened or lose weight if their energy intake was closer to the recommended ratio. 6. The role of energy expenditure As this diet is high in kilojoules, the user would need to be very active and expend a lot of energy if they want to lose weight. The Basal Metabolic rate of the person this diet is based on is 7711.2 kJ/day. This comes to 38556 kJ over the five-day period, plus 10% of total energy from thermic effect comes to a total of 75684.23 kJ over the five days. The total average intake of energy over the five days is a huge 171282.3 KJ. This means that the person is consuming an excess of 19120 KJ per day! To be able to lose weight on this diet you would need to be extremely active. For example to burn up the excess 19120 KJ you would need to cycle for over 5 hours per day, which is not possible for a lot of people. Obviously this is a very poor example of a weight loss diet and is definitely not suitable for someone who is overweight and only does light exercise. This diet is very likely to cause a rapid weight gain and should not be recommended. ...read more.

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