• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why is it that whilst some regions in the world consistently produce food surpluses, in others malnutrition is chronic and they have periodic food shortages?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why is it that whilst some regions in the world consistently produce food surpluses, in others malnutrition is chronic and they have periodic food shortages? In the world today, the three richest people in the world have more money than the 600,000 poorest. It is clear that the main reason for there being food surpluses in some countries and shortages in others, is the widening gap between the rich and the poor. In many LEDCs, such as Ethiopia and Mali in Africa and India in Asia, people are suffering from malnutrition and famine. Whereas in MEDCs, especially in North America and Europe, people are suffering from obesity and food surpluses. Until the late 1980s, both MEDCs and LEDCs were seeking to intensify farming and increase food production. However, in order to convert from extensive to intensive farming, (increasing inputs and efficiency to increase output) intention, planning and investment were needed. In MEDCS such as in the UK, farms began to increase in size due to amalgamation, enabling 'economies of scale' and farming became a business, with agro-scientists developing new seeds to suit certain climates and environments. ...read more.

Middle

Problems of overpopulation in many LEDCs only enhances the problem of food shortages. In India, the population has reached 1 billion and the lack of efficient farming means that they are unable to provide sufficient levels of food for the constantly growing population. In addition, overpopulation has lead to overcultivation of the land which has caused the soil in some areas to become infertile. Soil infertility is a significant problem in Africa as well, especially in the Sahelian countries. However, farmers and companies from the MEDW (mainly European countries) instead of helping, kick locals off their land and set up plantations for export crops on the most fertile land, meaning that local farmers are forced to grow staple crops such as maize and millet on the less fertile land and therefore produce less. The periodic droughts also affect the soil structure and in contrast to the majority of people in MEDCs, many Africans lack the finance and knowledge and education to adopt and develop better growing methods such as crop rotation and contour terracing. ...read more.

Conclusion

A minimum price was set for agricultural produce and the EU guaranteed to buy up any amount at this price. If there was a glut of produce one season, the EU would by some of it and store it. The next season, if there was a shortage, the EU could take the produce out of storage and sell it. (Buffer stocks) However, the constant good seasons meant that food kept building up as the EU could not sell any and the high minimum price set caused severe food surpluses such as the 'butter mountains'. MEDCs developed long before the majority of LEDCs, and in that time, were able to build up their wealth and political status and therefore create the investment and technological intelligence needed for ensuring sufficient food supplies. In addition, the stable climatic conditions and slowing population growth rates have meant that countries such as the UK have less difficulty in sustaining food supplies. Whereas in many LEDCs, vast poverty mixed with unpredictable natural disasters and high population growth rates prevents agricultural development and therefore leads to periodic food shortages and malnutrition. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Food Technology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Food Technology essays

  1. An investigation on burning food.

    Even though I did not produce the best set of results, they still proved that my prediction was correct. The pumpkin seed did release the mot amount of energy out of all the six types of food. Also the dried peas were the food that released the least amount of energy.

  2. "Food shortages in Developing (less developed) countries are due at least as much to ...

    This altogether caused the price of rice to be too high for most people across the country. During this period things across Bangladesh became so desperate that social contacts amongst people disintegrated and family connections were lost. This was even so dramatic as parents abandoning their children, and husbands leaving

  1. Genetically Engineered Crops

    These advantages include increased crop yields and lower required maintenance in addition to greater resistance to extreme conditions, diseases, and pests. A larger amount of money can be saved that would have otherwise been spent on fertilizer, pesticides, and the equipment required to apply them to the crops (Juan).

  2. heal and social unit 2

    3 Stop eating junk food. Eat more healthy food. Intake the daily need of nutrients and have a balanced diet. Having unbalanced means that you are unhealthy and having a balanced diet meant that you are healthy. Mr David has an unhealthy diet. He doesn't eat regularly.

  1. Compare and Contrast M.E.D.C's and L.E.D.C's. Ethiopia and United Kingdom.

    So they have no proper chance at ever becoming completely independent from other countries. Ethiopia may have brought these problems on themselves, by wanting to buy more than they could afford with their profits from exports. However they may have had no choice but to borrow money to build hospitals, schools, roads and dams.

  2. How can Malnutrition be caused by social, economic, cultural and environmental conditions.

    Also influenced by deficiencies of cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12). Osteoporosis disease is more common in woman with calcium and calciferol levels having some effect but not being the main cause but oestrogen levels and lack of physical exercise playing a big part.

  1. Nutrition and Food Hygiene

    Most vitamins cannot be made by the body, so have to be provided by the diet, although vitamin D can be obtained by the action of sunlight on the skin, and small amounts of a B vitamin (niacin) can be made from the amino acid.

  2. Malnutrition in developed and developing countries.

    Anorexia is most common in teenage girls from middle to high-income families. Sufferers of anorexia nervosa lose their appetite, eat little food and become dangerously thin. The symptoms include: * Wasting, as muscle tissue is used as a source of energy once the body's fat reserves have been used up

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work