• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why is it that whilst some regions in the world consistently produce food surpluses, in others malnutrition is chronic and they have periodic food shortages?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why is it that whilst some regions in the world consistently produce food surpluses, in others malnutrition is chronic and they have periodic food shortages? In the world today, the three richest people in the world have more money than the 600,000 poorest. It is clear that the main reason for there being food surpluses in some countries and shortages in others, is the widening gap between the rich and the poor. In many LEDCs, such as Ethiopia and Mali in Africa and India in Asia, people are suffering from malnutrition and famine. Whereas in MEDCs, especially in North America and Europe, people are suffering from obesity and food surpluses. Until the late 1980s, both MEDCs and LEDCs were seeking to intensify farming and increase food production. However, in order to convert from extensive to intensive farming, (increasing inputs and efficiency to increase output) intention, planning and investment were needed. In MEDCS such as in the UK, farms began to increase in size due to amalgamation, enabling 'economies of scale' and farming became a business, with agro-scientists developing new seeds to suit certain climates and environments. ...read more.

Middle

Problems of overpopulation in many LEDCs only enhances the problem of food shortages. In India, the population has reached 1 billion and the lack of efficient farming means that they are unable to provide sufficient levels of food for the constantly growing population. In addition, overpopulation has lead to overcultivation of the land which has caused the soil in some areas to become infertile. Soil infertility is a significant problem in Africa as well, especially in the Sahelian countries. However, farmers and companies from the MEDW (mainly European countries) instead of helping, kick locals off their land and set up plantations for export crops on the most fertile land, meaning that local farmers are forced to grow staple crops such as maize and millet on the less fertile land and therefore produce less. The periodic droughts also affect the soil structure and in contrast to the majority of people in MEDCs, many Africans lack the finance and knowledge and education to adopt and develop better growing methods such as crop rotation and contour terracing. ...read more.

Conclusion

A minimum price was set for agricultural produce and the EU guaranteed to buy up any amount at this price. If there was a glut of produce one season, the EU would by some of it and store it. The next season, if there was a shortage, the EU could take the produce out of storage and sell it. (Buffer stocks) However, the constant good seasons meant that food kept building up as the EU could not sell any and the high minimum price set caused severe food surpluses such as the 'butter mountains'. MEDCs developed long before the majority of LEDCs, and in that time, were able to build up their wealth and political status and therefore create the investment and technological intelligence needed for ensuring sufficient food supplies. In addition, the stable climatic conditions and slowing population growth rates have meant that countries such as the UK have less difficulty in sustaining food supplies. Whereas in many LEDCs, vast poverty mixed with unpredictable natural disasters and high population growth rates prevents agricultural development and therefore leads to periodic food shortages and malnutrition. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Food Technology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Food Technology essays

  1. "Food shortages in Developing (less developed) countries are due at least as much to ...

    there wives as the strain for food was too great amongst them. Some people decided to sell, or mortgage their homes and land as a quick solution to some money for food. As well as the land itself they often sold all of their possessions as a quick fix to the problem.

  2. An investigation on burning food.

    They may have held their needle and burning food further or closer to the boiling tube. The second set of results were close together for the pasta, crisp bread and dried peas but were not close together on the other three types of food.

  1. Nutrition and Food Hygiene

    Vitamins Vitamins are complex organic substances that are needed in very small amounts for many of the processes carried out in the body. Usually only a few milligrams (mg) or micrograms (?g) are needed per day, but these amounts are essential for health.

  2. Research question: Do the Chinese fast food chains in Hong Kong behave in oligopoly ...

    Therefore, the above data can only be used as the reference. In fact, when comparing the above data, we can discover that the price difference is only $1 -$3, which does not have a significant different in price. Price competition Maximizing profits is an ultimate objective of many commercial firms; fast food chains have no exception.

  1. Discuss the differences between Third World and UK hunger from a social scientists perspective.

    is criticised by sociologists who argue that 'such a general and global definition fails to take into account important socio-economic differences between countries and nations'(4.) Hunger is not simply about food production and meeting requirements. The causes of hunger are related to the causes of poverty.

  2. French food.

    oignons lay lay-goom moo-tard l'uf leh zonyon milk vegetables mustard egg onions les olives l'orange le pain le poisson le poivre leh zoleev l'ronzh pan pwah-sson pwavr olives orange bread fish pepper la pomme pommes de terre le porc le potage le poulet pom pom-duh terh por poh-tazh poo-lay apple

  1. heal and social unit 2

    He gets lost of support from his family and friends. His family help him with his business. His friends make sure he has a good time after work. He loves socialising so he always goes out with his mates after work.

  2. Breads of the World

    Pitta is used to scoop sauces or dips such as hummus and to wrap kebabs, gyros or falafel in the manner of sandwiches.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work