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Describe two of the following psychological approaches: the psychodynamic perspective, the cognitive perspective, the humanistic perspective, or the physiologicalperspective.

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Introduction

Sheri Nunez Question #1: Describe two of the following psychological approaches: the psychodynamic perspective, the cognitive perspective, the humanistic perspective, or the physiological perspective. Then, compare and contrast the two approaches that you have described. In what ways are they similar? In what ways do they differ? Then, choose a particular problem behavior or disorder and discuss how these perspectives would view both the cause and the treatment of the problem behavior or disorder. The humanistic perspective states that a person's behaviors can be controlled by their free will. The cognitive perspective states that a person's behaviors are caused by the way they think, by memories and the way they store them, by the person's thought process, and how one's brain processes and categorizes information. The humanistic and cognitive perspectives differ in that the humanistic perspective suggests that a person has control over things they do, a person can make their own decisions and change things in their life if they want to. The cognitive perspective says that a person's behaviors can't be controlled as easily and are determined by the way a person's mind works. Genetics would play a bigger role in cognitive perspective. Cognitive and humanistic perspectives are similar because they both involve thought processes and brain functions. When dealing with malingering, the humanistic approach to finding the cause would be to find out if the person has a history of drug abuse or if the person is trying to get on some form of disability or avoid working. ...read more.

Middle

When we are driving, we see the stop sign, and we stop. The stimulus is seeing the stop sign that we all relate to stopping. The unconditioned response is putting your foot on the brake pedal. This behavior is learned by seeing others do the same and knowing that if we do not do this we could either get a ticket or get into an accident. We acquire this behavior with operant conditioning because we know if we stop when we see the stop sign we will be obeying the law and being safe. We know that if we do not stop we could get a negative outcome which would be getting a ticket or getting into an accident. The reinforcer is that every time we stop like we are supposed to we avoid getting a ticket and we avoid an accident. The target behavior is to stop when and where we are supposed to every time we are supposed to. We acquire stopping at a stop sign with observational learning because as we all grow up we ride in the car with adults and see that they stop at stop signs. If you grew up riding with someone who stops completely at all stop signs you will be more likely to model your behavior after them and always stop at stop signs. ...read more.

Conclusion

Using research and material from the text, supplemental readings, and research that you conduct using either the UAH library or the Internet, discuss in what ways the environment and heredity may play a role in the development of schizophrenia. Your sources must be well-established scientific Internet sites and you must cite at least three different sources from which you obtained your information. Environment plays a role in causing schizophrenia because people with a minority status are more at risk to develop schizophrenia. 1 People who are born and grow up in the city are 35 times more likely to develop schizophrenia than people who grow up in less populated areas. 2 If a person is in a hectic environment where they are very stressed most of the time they are more at risk for schizophrenia because once they start showing signs of schizophrenia the environment they are in can contribute and make the symptoms worse. When someone with schizophrenia is awakened in the middle of the night by noise outside their window, they may think that whomever or whatever made the noise is doing it on purpose as an attempt to interrupt the person's sleep.3 Heredity plays a role in schizophrenia because a person whose family members are schizophrenic is 10 times more likely to start exhibiting symptoms.4 People with schizophrenia have chemical imbalances in their brains which can also be blamed on genetics, therefore making the cause of schizophrenia hereditary. ...read more.

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