• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe two of the following psychological approaches: the psychodynamic perspective, the cognitive perspective, the humanistic perspective, or the physiologicalperspective.

Extracts from this document...


Sheri Nunez Question #1: Describe two of the following psychological approaches: the psychodynamic perspective, the cognitive perspective, the humanistic perspective, or the physiological perspective. Then, compare and contrast the two approaches that you have described. In what ways are they similar? In what ways do they differ? Then, choose a particular problem behavior or disorder and discuss how these perspectives would view both the cause and the treatment of the problem behavior or disorder. The humanistic perspective states that a person's behaviors can be controlled by their free will. The cognitive perspective states that a person's behaviors are caused by the way they think, by memories and the way they store them, by the person's thought process, and how one's brain processes and categorizes information. The humanistic and cognitive perspectives differ in that the humanistic perspective suggests that a person has control over things they do, a person can make their own decisions and change things in their life if they want to. The cognitive perspective says that a person's behaviors can't be controlled as easily and are determined by the way a person's mind works. Genetics would play a bigger role in cognitive perspective. Cognitive and humanistic perspectives are similar because they both involve thought processes and brain functions. When dealing with malingering, the humanistic approach to finding the cause would be to find out if the person has a history of drug abuse or if the person is trying to get on some form of disability or avoid working. ...read more.


When we are driving, we see the stop sign, and we stop. The stimulus is seeing the stop sign that we all relate to stopping. The unconditioned response is putting your foot on the brake pedal. This behavior is learned by seeing others do the same and knowing that if we do not do this we could either get a ticket or get into an accident. We acquire this behavior with operant conditioning because we know if we stop when we see the stop sign we will be obeying the law and being safe. We know that if we do not stop we could get a negative outcome which would be getting a ticket or getting into an accident. The reinforcer is that every time we stop like we are supposed to we avoid getting a ticket and we avoid an accident. The target behavior is to stop when and where we are supposed to every time we are supposed to. We acquire stopping at a stop sign with observational learning because as we all grow up we ride in the car with adults and see that they stop at stop signs. If you grew up riding with someone who stops completely at all stop signs you will be more likely to model your behavior after them and always stop at stop signs. ...read more.


Using research and material from the text, supplemental readings, and research that you conduct using either the UAH library or the Internet, discuss in what ways the environment and heredity may play a role in the development of schizophrenia. Your sources must be well-established scientific Internet sites and you must cite at least three different sources from which you obtained your information. Environment plays a role in causing schizophrenia because people with a minority status are more at risk to develop schizophrenia. 1 People who are born and grow up in the city are 35 times more likely to develop schizophrenia than people who grow up in less populated areas. 2 If a person is in a hectic environment where they are very stressed most of the time they are more at risk for schizophrenia because once they start showing signs of schizophrenia the environment they are in can contribute and make the symptoms worse. When someone with schizophrenia is awakened in the middle of the night by noise outside their window, they may think that whomever or whatever made the noise is doing it on purpose as an attempt to interrupt the person's sleep.3 Heredity plays a role in schizophrenia because a person whose family members are schizophrenic is 10 times more likely to start exhibiting symptoms.4 People with schizophrenia have chemical imbalances in their brains which can also be blamed on genetics, therefore making the cause of schizophrenia hereditary. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Reviews of Personal Performances section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Reviews of Personal Performances essays

  1. Explore Carl Rogers core conditions and how these effect the personality change in a ...

    Again as with empathy, the counsellor should be aware of his own limitations and boundaries and keep within them. I feel unconditional positive regard can be summed up in two words, total acceptance. Congruence or genuineness as it is sometimes referred to, according to Rogers is considered to be the most important condition.

  2. Critically evaluate the practical use of Person-Centred Counselling and its limitations as suggested by ...

    In Gestalt therapy confrontation should never involve inappropriate pressure on the client, it has been known for some therapists to abuse this. A counsellor can, for example, use confrontation in a positive way when the counsellor draws attention to the discrepancies existing between what the client says and how he actually appears when he is speaking.

  1. Devised Practical Evaluation for 'The Guilt'

    Vicki and I decided to use music as it would be effective in some of the most sorrowful scenes such as the beginning when I read out my poem and at the end when Mother and daughter are separated once more.

  2. What are the critical differences between content and process theories in motivation?

    The level of tension you are at effects how strong the motivation is. Adams has identified six different types of behaviour that could be caused by inequity. (1) -Changes to inputs - e.g. a person might alter the level of outputs through the amount of work they do -Changes to outcomes - e.g.

  1. Dramatic dialogue on Eating disorders.

    Kay: Sorry I didn't know you felt like that. Girls freeze again with their food in hand or looking at Melissa with a sympathetic look on their faces Narrators walk to centre of stage and begin to say dialogue this time aimed at Melissa Narrator 1: This person is showing

  2. Communication within the health and social services.

    * The access to health records act 1990 - this also only allows people with the appropriate authority to access health records. It is important that confidentiality is maintained in a care setting all the time and for all clients because if it is not they and their families may

  1. Our stimulus for these Dramas was the play "a legal weapon" by Mark Wheeller.

    But we made sure that we weren't always bunched together. We only used props once in our dramas.

  2. Types of abuse.

    This lack of attention is also known as neglect. As some elderly people get older, they need to increase their intake in specific dietary requirements. These dietary requirements may include calcium, fibre, etc. As some people get older, their bones become frailer.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work