• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Different Types of Narration

Extracts from this document...


Different Types of Narration There are a variety of ways to narrate a story, but essentially they can be broken down into two main groups: first person narrative, and third person narrative. In the use of the first person narrator, the story is told through the eyes of the 'I' narrator. The first person narrator can only relate incidents that he or she has witnessed, and only he or she can interpreted the situation, therefore in this respect the first person narrative is limited. We must remember that a first person narrator in a novel is not the novelist but a character who sees things only in the light of his or her own point of view and coloured by his or her personality, therefore events are biased to the narrator's opinion. This of course can be used to effect in books where the first person narrator is unreliable and therefore we are forced to see a false picture of events. For example in 'The Beach' by Alex Garland, events are told by Richard, a backpacker in Bangkok. In the extract I have chosen, Richard recounts an encounter with 'Mister Duck', who, at the beginning of he book, commits suicide. In the extract below, it is only the second time that Richard 'meets' 'Mister Duck', the first being when Richard was feverish. Therefore we can easily presume that Richard was hallucinating when he first 'met' 'Mister Duck' but in this extract, it is hard to tell, from the way Richard narrates it, that 'Mister Duck' is imaginary: Mister Duck sat in his room on the Khao San Road. ...read more.


In a first person narrative, the use of interior monologue can be used where the reader is allowed inside the mind of the narrator and so we can hear their inner thought. For example in Ernest Hemingway's 'A farewell to Arms', when Henry hears that his wife is gravely ill we receive an interior monologue: The nurse went into the room and shut the door. I sat outside in the hall. Everything was gone inside of me. I did not think. I could not think. I knew she was going to die and I prayed that she would not. Don't let her die. Oh, God, please don't let her die. I'll do anything for you if you won't let her die Please, please, please dear God, don't let her die. Dear God, don't let her die. Pleas, please, please don't let her die, God, please make her not die. I'll do anything you say if you don't let her die. You took the baby but don't let her die - that was all right but don't let her die. Please, please, dear God, don't let her die. Here we feel that the character is deeply involved in his surroundings and what is happening, the events he is recounting are extremely emotional and moving, but this is not always the case. In 'Nausea' by Jean-Paul Satre, it is the story of an observer of life in a small caf´┐Ż, and here the narrator is totally withdrawn from his surrounding, as though watching it on television. ...read more.


Unable to resolve itself, like a cheap hologram or a bucket of snakes, the lips drew back while the jaw relaxed, the stare softened while the frown hardened. Fear, Sean thought distantly. Rare that one got to see what it actually looked like. Other people's, sure, but not your own. Intrigued, he leaned close to the mirror, ignoring the footsteps that were already working their way up the stairs. 'Aaaah, we're going to be late,' said Don Pepe, breaking the tense silence of the last five minutes. Jojo nodded and nervously pushed his thumbs into the padding around the steering wheel. 'Yes, sir, we are. I'm sorry.' Jojo paused a moment before saying 'Yes, sir' again. He was leaving time for Teroy to add his own apology. After all, he'd been the one who had suggested Hotel Patay in the first place. But Teroy, sitting in the passenger seat, wasn't saying a word. No sense diverting Don Pepe's irritation on to him, when he could keep his head down and his mouth shut and let Jojo take all the abuse. Fair enough. Jojo would have been doing the same if their roles had been reversed. The narrator is very important in a story as the narrator is responsible for the way a story is conveyed to its reader, or its point of view. The variety of ways that the author can manipulate the narrator and his or her point of view in order to gain maximum control over the work as a whole is often the essence of whether the reader gained the desired effect set by the author. For: Miss Hill By: Chee 1 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Reviews of Personal Performances section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Reviews of Personal Performances essays

  1. Essay Cloudstreet Narrative P.O.V.

    However the reader is positioned to love him as the other characters do, and even to respect him more than the other characters of the novel, because of his unquestioning, unfaltering understanding and love of them, regardless of their actions.

  2. Compare the way Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Edgar Allen Poe use 1st person narrators ...

    Gilman uses 1^st person narration in a very similar way in "The Yellow Wallpaper", But instead of having the narrator reflecting on what has been, she uses the first person's rationalising and contemplating to depict the slow slide into mental disarray.

  1. “Tell a man that there are 300 billion stars in the universe and he’ll ...

    In this case, the person would want to touch the bench to appease his curiosity. Why does the person want to touch the paint on the bench, and not count the number of the stars in the sky to prove the validity of the knowledge?

  2. Speaking out for those without a voice

    Session 2- use of gesture to develop character During this session we were to work on how to build up our chosen character from the outside as we had a pretty clear idea of how the characters were feeling but not of how their body would be perceived by others.

  1. Drama Cwk Miss Julie

    The single second between image was all that was needed to analyse the scene and the pauses provided a different feel to conventional movement. One outstanding element throughout the scene was the glint in Alia's eye which I felt was the perfect insight into Miss Julie's character and the madness surrounding her.

  2. 'Stone Cold' - Choose two main characters from the novel and show how the ...

    This is a sick joke and shows he does not care about his victims. The author creates his character well. Shelter thinks that his job is killing people and it is intelligent and brilliant. He calls Link the other scruff. He also gives Link and Ginger code names, "Laughing boy".

  1. ‘ The secret life of Walter Mitty ‘ by James Thurber, ‘ Indian ...

    tell us where the story is set and this is that it was a small village with shacks near to the river Mississippi which would mean the story is set in Western America, this may explain why the area is not very developed.

  2. The statue of Ni-ka-re, His Wife and Their Daughter is one of the best ...

    The face lines of Ni-ka-re, his wife and daughter are clearer than those of Khentet-ka and her son. Besides, the figures of Ni-ka-re's family seem to be more refined and perfect. The shapes and muscles of their bodies look very natural and all this creates an impression that not the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work