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Do We Have to Learn How to Think Scientifically in Order to Find the Truth?

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Introduction

Ajda Berryman TOK Essay 10 Jan 2003 Do We Have to Learn How to Think Scientifically in Order to Find the Truth? First, I will consider that "the Truth" cannot be any truth. It all depends on what truth we are thinking of. Truth, means something that is real, something that exists or has been proven and made known to be a fact. The process of thinking scientifically has been designed as follows: 1) First you observe which means that you collect the evidence that lays before you and make measurements that refer to the phenomenon you are studying. 2) Second, you create a hypothesis that would explain why the phenomenon is the way it is or does what it does, etc... 3) Third, you predict what the outcome or results are of the observations of the phenomenon. 4) Fourth, you verify that your hypothesis and prediction are valid by doing actual experiments and conducting studies. 5) Lastly, you evaluate the results that are obtained. If the results are the opposite of what you expected, then you just create another hypothesis. ...read more.

Middle

We cannot explain why feel a certain way, or exactly how we feel. If we feel love for someone, we cannot explain how it is so, we just know that that's the way we feel. Inductive reasoning can be thought as a scientific way of thinking. If the same process is repeated over and over again, then it means that it is meant to be. For example, brushing your teeth. If you see someone brush their teeth every morning and every night, then there must be a reason. It's for hygiene and also to save your teeth from rotting. However, there are some people who may have never learned that if they do not brush their teeth, their teeth will rot. There are even some people in the poorest countries who have never even heard of a tooth brush and therefore do not brush their teeth either. Another example of inductive reasoning is sleep. It has been scientifically proven that if you sleep well (rest your body) at night for at least 8 hours (it is just an estimate because different articles may list different times), then your body will function better the next day and therefore you can work closest to your full capacity. ...read more.

Conclusion

It would be hard to argue because it would be difficult to prove that there was or was not any emotion in the piece. The second person may have preferred music piece #2 because of its accuracy according to the score. In this case, the first person cannot deny that the music was played with precision and accuracy. Through scientific thinking, we can learn ways to discover certain truths. In the sciences, we conduct experiments to discover the answers to certain questions. We learn about new discoveries. Experiments and tests are repeated to confirm those truths. This goes for social sciences as well. In psychology, tests must be done. By looking at the past history, we learn what things should or should not be done in the future. Through economic failures, we have learned better ways to manage in the economy today. Through new discoveries in medicine, we know what works and what does not. Things build on top of one another. If you know the past well, it will be easier to create ideas that help the future. Scientific thinking is required for almost everything. Our ideas are based from facts which had to be proven. The things we do repeatedly in our daily lives are based from observation, learning, experiences - facts and truths. 1 ...read more.

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