• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine how perceptual process effects the way in which judgements of others is made.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The main of this essay is to examine how perceptual process effects the way in which judgements of others is made. To do this it will be necessary to first explain what perception is and how perception of others is made through the perceptual set. How things like impression formation and the primary and recency effect and stereotyping and over generalisation are used order to draw a perception. Also highlighted will be how theses can be distorted through personal experiences and contributing factors such as the halo effect and the rusty halo effect. Perception is basically how an individual understands any given situation within their environment. Human beings have five external senses, which aid in the perception process these, are sight, hearing, smell, touch, and taste. However there are different types of perception. There are the perception of objects known as general perception this differs from social perception the perception of people in that objects do not behave therefore it is not possible to make a perception through the behaviour of a object. In the perception of others the perceptual set comes into play. ...read more.

Middle

One such example could be the fact that most people in the west of Scotland over generalisation and stereotypes of German people that the are arrogant and steal all the sun bed while on holiday. This however may not be the case it is a stereotype or an over generalisation perhaps because of past experience one of German person. Stereotypes can be past down from generation to generation like all black people are lazy or all white people are stupid these also could effect how the individual perceives a person or a group. According to Brisling (1993) "Stereotypes should not be viewed as a sign of abnormality. Rather, they effect people's need to organise, remember, and retrieve information that might be useful to them as they attempt to achieve their goals and to meet life's demands"(Gross p 334). Once these stereotypes have been created it made hard to change or challenge and this could lead to prejudice which is a totally negative response to an other person or person's. Perception can be distorted in many ways things like what is going on in the perceives own life can play a big part in perception like if pregnant it is more likely that pregnant people will stand out from other people as this has an interest to the individual. ...read more.

Conclusion

As shown perception is very individual and that fact that there are so many different factors at play it is not always easy to draw an unbiased opinion of someone. However the fact that there are errors within our own perception processes through things like past experiences and the halo effect. We must try to keep an open mind and not to make snap judgements as this can have a last effect not only on our own self through impression management but passed on to our children via over generalisation of a certain race or sex. And once these perception are founded it can be hard to remove them. Psychology and psychologist have helped our understand of perception and the perceptually process. Through many studies and evidence to back up their theories. However because perception is an 8individual part of human nature it will always be subjective and may not hold scientific weight, as it is so personal to each individual. REFERENCE Gross Richard Psychology The Science of Mind and Behaviour 4th edition 2001,Hobber&Stoughton London INTERPERSONAL SKILLS Focus on perception Lo1 By Carol Sherry BIBLOGRAPHY Gross Richard Psychology The Science of Mind and Behaviour. 4th edition 2001,Hodder&Stoughton. London. Keegan Gerrard Higher Psychology 2002,Hodder&Stoughton. London. 3 1 Carol sherry ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Reviews of Personal Performances section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Reviews of Personal Performances essays

  1. What are the critical differences between content and process theories in motivation?

    - Relatedness - Growth Existence needs - Looking at sustaining human existence. Includes physiological and safety needs. Relatedness - Relates to social environment. Includes love, belonging and self-esteem needs. Growth - Looking at development. Includes self-esteem and self-actualisation This theory is more of continuum, where more than one need may be activated at the same time.

  2. AN ANALYSIS OF MY PROCESS AS A STUDENT OF COUNSELLING SKILLS ON THE FCCS ...

    To conclude I have illustrated how my learning related to theories using a selection and analysis of issues from my journal during this course. I have shown with evidence, some issues from the journal of my developmental process as a student of counselling skills.

  1. Bullying - the effects and causes.

    It was up there for about 30 minutes. They seemed to have forgotten about me. I was starting to get dark, my legs and arms were aching from the holding on, and I felt the pylon move under the strain of the every growing wind. My heart was still beating heavily, so heavily I didn't hear the sound of nearby sirens.

  2. Devised Practical Evaluation for 'The Guilt'

    But I achieved it and I thought that it was effective. I think that the most dramatically effective moments included the opening scene when I sit on the stage on my own saying a poem that expresses fully my guilt and remorse of never knowing that my daughter was being tormented and bullied.

  1. Describe some of the factors which we attend to when meeting someone for the ...

    Some other facial appearance and expression can also tell us further information about an individual. In the 1990s, for men, it is presumed that someone were homosexual if they wore the ring in one particular ear. Edwards & Bryan suggest that "Emotional information is one of the most difficult sources information to ignore when perceiving others."

  2. Evaluate the ways in which emotion might enhance and or undermine reasoning as a ...

    lending, and Jews' economic and cultural successes tended to arouse the envy of the populace. This economic resentment, allied with traditional religious prejudice, prompted the forced expulsion of Jews from several regions including England (1290), Germany (1350's) and France (during the 14th century).

  1. Recruitment and selection

    In the advert Southgate College wrote the main parts about the job and not in too much detail. This is because of costs plus if the reader likes the sound of the job they will be able to call up and find out more about the College and the job post.

  2. Communication within the health and social services.

    There were times when inappropriate communication was shown: * In the mornings when the home tends to become chaotic because of residents getting ready and relatives coming to visit, some residents were ignored for a while, while the carer is carrying out other tasks.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work