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Examine how perceptual process effects the way in which judgements of others is made.

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Introduction

The main of this essay is to examine how perceptual process effects the way in which judgements of others is made. To do this it will be necessary to first explain what perception is and how perception of others is made through the perceptual set. How things like impression formation and the primary and recency effect and stereotyping and over generalisation are used order to draw a perception. Also highlighted will be how theses can be distorted through personal experiences and contributing factors such as the halo effect and the rusty halo effect. Perception is basically how an individual understands any given situation within their environment. Human beings have five external senses, which aid in the perception process these, are sight, hearing, smell, touch, and taste. However there are different types of perception. There are the perception of objects known as general perception this differs from social perception the perception of people in that objects do not behave therefore it is not possible to make a perception through the behaviour of a object. In the perception of others the perceptual set comes into play. ...read more.

Middle

One such example could be the fact that most people in the west of Scotland over generalisation and stereotypes of German people that the are arrogant and steal all the sun bed while on holiday. This however may not be the case it is a stereotype or an over generalisation perhaps because of past experience one of German person. Stereotypes can be past down from generation to generation like all black people are lazy or all white people are stupid these also could effect how the individual perceives a person or a group. According to Brisling (1993) "Stereotypes should not be viewed as a sign of abnormality. Rather, they effect people's need to organise, remember, and retrieve information that might be useful to them as they attempt to achieve their goals and to meet life's demands"(Gross p 334). Once these stereotypes have been created it made hard to change or challenge and this could lead to prejudice which is a totally negative response to an other person or person's. Perception can be distorted in many ways things like what is going on in the perceives own life can play a big part in perception like if pregnant it is more likely that pregnant people will stand out from other people as this has an interest to the individual. ...read more.

Conclusion

As shown perception is very individual and that fact that there are so many different factors at play it is not always easy to draw an unbiased opinion of someone. However the fact that there are errors within our own perception processes through things like past experiences and the halo effect. We must try to keep an open mind and not to make snap judgements as this can have a last effect not only on our own self through impression management but passed on to our children via over generalisation of a certain race or sex. And once these perception are founded it can be hard to remove them. Psychology and psychologist have helped our understand of perception and the perceptually process. Through many studies and evidence to back up their theories. However because perception is an 8individual part of human nature it will always be subjective and may not hold scientific weight, as it is so personal to each individual. REFERENCE Gross Richard Psychology The Science of Mind and Behaviour 4th edition 2001,Hobber&Stoughton London INTERPERSONAL SKILLS Focus on perception Lo1 By Carol Sherry BIBLOGRAPHY Gross Richard Psychology The Science of Mind and Behaviour. 4th edition 2001,Hodder&Stoughton. London. Keegan Gerrard Higher Psychology 2002,Hodder&Stoughton. London. 3 1 Carol sherry ...read more.

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