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How to interview

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Introduction

How to interview Interviewing is an art form of intricate discipline that combines preparation and spontaneity in a potent mix. Like any art form, it's practiced so many different levels, depending on the innate talent, hard work, and creativity of its performers. At its best, what really takes place is an "inter-view"- a mutual process of looking inward( inter means " between" ). The success depends on first understanding your own internal views. The more self-awareness you cultivate, the greater the ease and skill you'll bring to the interview process. The word interview is derived from the French entrevue/entrevoir, meaning " to see one another". The tremendous opportunity available to find out about yourself through discovering other people, their ideas , and your responses to them can come from interviewing. Successful interviewing requires a basic foundation, advanced research, negotiating a interview, preparation, and recording. The basic foundation for any interviewer is to be able to communicate and listen. Communication is a learned process that never really stops once we initiate it. Communication is also a complex process among differently programmed individuals using an infinite variety of symbols-language being only one kind of symbol. To communicate successfully in the interview setting, both parties must be in a state of readiness, able to share a symbolic ...read more.

Middle

Using the telephone allows easier tracking to the person by using a telephone book, directories, other journalists, and your friends. One author stated that he likes to use the phone because it is faster and affords the opportunity to establish personal contact, either with the targeted guest or the person designated to handle media inquiries (Beach, 1982). A letter on the other hand offers several advantages. Some advantages according to McLaughlin (1950) is, it can get you access to certain people who would be difficult, if not impossible to reach by phone, a letter has a greater impact than a phone call; it almost demands a reply, sending letters can be a more gentle means of harassment than a constant slew of phone calls, and a letter allows you to control the tone and content of your proposal. From my experience you don't always get a positive response, I tend to use the phone because it is easier and makes the person feel he or she is on the spot. The last avenue of negotiation can be the ambush interview. McLaughlin (1950), explains that the ambush interview is used when all negotiations have failed. Showing up at the house or office, you might have a fighting chance of persuading the person to consider giving you his time for an interview. ...read more.

Conclusion

One disadvantage of tape recording expressed by Beach (1982), is it takes two much time to transcribe when done with the interview. The advantage of tape recording, though is knowing everything that the person said word for word instead of paraphrasing what you thought he said which can cause controversy. According to Richardson (1965), the advantages of taking notes helps you to easily go back to answers the interviewee might of quoted. Also, the interviewee likes not being tape recorded because his answer is trapped on the tape and he or she feels trapped. The disadvantages of taking notes allow for mistakes on quotes and paraphrasing might change the view of the interviewee. The methods you choose depend on how good you are at taking notes and how much time you have to review your interview. Interviewing is essentially about interpersonal relationships, and how we communicate with each other. While I understood that point on a certain level before I began this research paper, I came to understand it much more deeply through the intensive process of researching, speaking, listening, recording and preparing. I believe the development as interviewers is intricately linked to our development as individuals. The more we know about ourselves and other people, the more we know about how to speak and relate to others. The potential for personal growth and development, through stimulating conversations with fascinating people, is boundless. ...read more.

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