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How would you answer the problem posed by Glaucon in the Ring of Gyges story? If someone is capable of doing whatever they want with impunity, do you think there are any reasons why they should care about being good and just?

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Introduction

Name: Rajesh Mendonca ID: 810001070 Philosophy Assignment2 How would you answer the problem posed by Glaucon in the Ring of Gyges story? If someone is capable of doing whatever they want with impunity, do you think there are any reasons why they should care about being good and just? Ultimately, what are the real reasons why we should care about justice? Answer: - Glaucon who was Plato's brother wasn't satisfied in the manner in which Socrates had defeated Thrasymachus. Hence he requests Socrates to elaborate further on the topic of justice. He begins his argument with Socrates by illustrating the three different kinds of good things and states that all good things are desirable for one of the reasons given below: > All good things are liked for its worth but not for its consequences (i.e., harmless pleasures) > All good things are liked for its consequences but not for its worth (i.e medicine or money). ...read more.

Middle

He wondered at this and fingering the ring, he turned the setting outwards again and became visible. When he realized this, he then agreed to become one of the messengers sent to report to the king. He then seduced the queen, killed the king with the help of the queen's help and took control of Lydia. From the above story we can agree with glaucon that justice is not practiced out of freewill. We as humans behave justly, not because we prefer justice to injustice but due to fear of the consequences of behaving unjustly. The rule of justice is now followed only after the agreement made by all members in our society. From this we can understand that, if a person is doing things with impunity, then such persons need not be good and just. This is because, even if such a person tries to be good and just, he or she will not get all the rewards of life. ...read more.

Conclusion

> Even the laws of today do not prevent injustice in our society. The unjust persons always get away from punishments and at times just people are only punished. The laws seem to be an exception for the unjust. For example, if a police officer does not collect "Hafta"from a Hawker and give it to his senior, charges of negligence or corruption are always laid on him but if he performs the above, he is rewarded with medals and promotion in his job. He thus has a better standard of living. > An unjust person always has a better life than a just person and he enjoys the benefits that come to him more than what the just person enjoys. > A person who is unjust progresses in life whereas a person who is just always remains where he was in life. In other words, his status remains unchanged. Thus from the above, one can conclude that the key to happiness and better rewards in life is to be unjust and not just. ...read more.

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