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In this essay I will explore Carl Rogers core conditions and how these effect the personality change in a client using the Person Centred Approach.

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CARL ROGERS. CORE CONDITIONS. By Colin Senior In this essay I will explore Carl Rogers core conditions and how these effect the personality change in a client using the Person Centred Approach. For clients beginning therapy the most important fact initially is the entry of a new person (the therapist) into their psychological environment. It is the building of this relationship between therapist and client, which will facilitate change in the client. This relationship is at the forefront of the therapeutic process. For this to occur it is necessary that these 6 conditions to exist. 1. That two persons are in psychological contact. 2. That the first person, whom we shall term the client, is in a state of incongruence, being vulnerable or anxious. 3. That the second person, whom we shall term the therapist, is congruent in the relationship. 4. That the therapist is experiencing unconditional positive regard toward the client. 5. That the therapist is experiencing an empathic understanding of the client's internal frame of reference. 6. That the client perceives, at least to a minimal degree, Conditions 4 and 5, the unconditional positive regard of the therapist for him, and the empathic understanding of the therapist. ...read more.


However, the person centred counsellor is likely to be 'less conditional' than most other people with whom the client will relate." Mearns and Thorne (1999:66). I feel it is important for the therapist to identify their own boundaries and be able to work within these. If the counsellor has had similar issues as the client they may begin to identify their own feelings with how they think the client should feel. This would be very detrimental to the client and directive, not person centered. Good empathic responses that could encourage the client may include, "Can you tell me more about that," or "I am curious about that". Simple reflection is a way of being empathic simply by giving the clients words back to them this is telling the client that they have been heard and understood. Paraphrasing is an effective way of letting the client know you're with them. As the counsellor reflects to the client what the counsellor's understanding is, the client has an opportunity to hear him or herself in a new way. This kind of sensitive, active listening is very rare in our lives. We all think we listen, but very rarely do we listen with real understanding, true empathy. ...read more.


We kept constant eye contact. When I finished talking there was a long silence but we still had eye contact. The only way I can explain what I felt at that moment was a caring warmth between us. My counsellor seemed to understand me and the amount of hurt I was feeling. My counsellor began to cry, I also began to cry and sob. This was the very first time that I felt listened to and understood. I had explained this many times to my family but I felt I received only sympathy and pity-no real understanding of my hurt. I now realise this was my first experience of true congruence. I feel that the ability of the therapist to be genuine, accepting and empathic is not something that develops over night. I feel the counsellor needs to have the commitment to integrate the core conditions into his own everyday life and be totally committed and believe in the therapeutic process. The therapist needs to be constantly seeking to broaden his own personal development and maintaining his psychological health. It is the quality of the relationship between therapist and client, which will facilitate the change process. This relationship is at the forefront of the therapeutic process. The success of the therapy depends on how well the counsellor can apply the core conditions; therefore the person centred approach is only as good as the individual therapist. ...read more.

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