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Motivation is a very significant part of any sporting performance at any level. Motivation can be defined as, a physiological drive to fulfil a particular need (Davis et al, 1991)

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Introduction

Explain the role of motivation in enhancing a sports performance "We are going to need big characters out there who can dig deep and show real fight and courage." (Clive Woodward) Motivation is a very significant part of any sporting performance at any level. Motivation can be defined as, 'a physiological drive to fulfil a particular need' (Davis et al, 1991). Sporting performers can either be intrinsically or extrinsically motivated. This is dependent on what the sportsman is motivated by. Intrinsic can be defined as, 'pure love of the sport' (Wesson et al, 2000). This would probably apply more to beginners and novices because you are some what interested in the sport, whereas elite athletes and professionals are often extrinsically motivated as there are big prizes to be one when sport is done to an elite level. As suggested by Davis et al,1998 'extrinsic motivation stems from other people, through positive and negative reinforcement, and from tangible rewards such as trophies and money.' ...read more.

Middle

B - This is the where the participant is at optimum arousal level and is performing to the best of his/her ability. C - This where the participant is over aroused and again not performing to his potential. Most sports require different levels of arousal, for example a fine skilled sport like snooker would require very low levels of arousal whereas a gross skilled sport like boxing would require a very high level of arousal. For this reason a graph called the Inverted - U theory and Task Type was created. The inverted - U are specific for different sports: A - a fine skilled sport such as snooker. B - a moderate skilled sport such as football. C - a gross skilled sport such as boxing. The small red box at the top of each inverted - U is the 'zoof' (). There are two categories that people fit into. ...read more.

Conclusion

External factor are usually what motivates a NaF person. To set goals there is a specific process that is devise specially to ensure not to demotivate the participant. Specific - to the sport, the individual or the level at which the sport is bei being performed. Measurable - to be able to measure the progress towards achieving the goals. Achievable - to prevent far fetched goals that will just demotivate the team/ team/sportsman. Realistic - to prevent far fetched goals that will just demotivate the team/ team/sportsman. Time-phased - specified to individual needs. Exciting - to maintain motivation. Recorded - to ensure the agreement. (S.M.A.R.T.E.R.) In all sport motivation is one of the most important things to aid a successful performance. In conclusion, referring back to the question motivation can be responsible for enhancing sporting performance in all competitive games. This is true if I look back to all my reasoning above. Word Count: 804 ?? ?? ?? ?? Corbyn Munnik . Munnik, Corbyn F Millfield School 63437 01/12/2006 ...read more.

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