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GCSE: Death of a Salesman
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However, as the play progresses, the idealistic image of Willy Loman seems to evaporate through the test of time as we can see at the beginning of the play Biff is angry with Willy. Both Biff and Happy are unhappy because they are both lost. Biff has not only lost all confidence in his father but trust as well. Biff used to be a man with dreams, dreams that can make him happy but life didn't go the way he wanted, he knows that his father had an affair with 'The Woman', Biff felt betrayed.
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He tells them stories of his work in New England, where he is well known and very much liked. The firm Willy had been working at for 32 years has taken him off of salary. Will ends up being fired when it should be his time of retirement. Now at the age of 63, he is unsuccessful, with two unsuccessful sons, living off dreams. Although Willy may not want to admit it, he has come to the realization he has failed at life. He is unable to provide for his family. He is very unhappy with the way his life has ended up.
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Many of the themes in The Metamorphosis can be linked to aspects of Kafka's life. Most notably his releationship with his father. Gregor and Mr Samsa take part in a constant power struggle throughout the play and this is not unlike the relationship that Kafka had with his own father. Interestingly, Kafka's father was actualy a travelling salesman, which is the proffesion of the character Gregor. Although I found no evidence to back this up, I believe that Kafka's father may have suggested his son go into the same line of work as him and although he didn't I believe that Kafka wrote Gregor as the man he could have become, which is why he is a traveling salesman.
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In order to ensure that this relevance is maintained, organizations need a process in place to ensure that measures and measurement systems are reviewed and modified as the organization's circumstances change. Measurement is difficult in organizations because it is not an exact science with hard rules and predictable interrelationships between variables (Brown, 2000). One of the critical reasons for this is the impact of so many variables on organization's performance and hence difficulty in understanding interactions exists between those different variables.
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I looked at other reviews of games to get a rough idea of what to talk about in the game to discuss and also layout. I didn't really use a particular layout as i felt it wasn't meant to be fancy just a simple review on a game to make it easy for people to read, although i did do paragraphs for different areas of the game. Not particulary as it would just be a page where people would see what it was about and if already purchased previous games of the series or have an interest or heard of the game through word of mouth might be interested in reading on.
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Examine the presentation of Linda in this part of the play.Extract -Page 38, Linda: No. You can't just come to see me Page 41, Linda: Shallowness of the water that saved him.
This indicates a very focused, mentally strong and capable woman, acting with total altruism. It is obvious from Linda's unexpected outburst and attitude that she is desperately worried for Willy because of his state of mind. The way she is seemingly pleading with her sons is a cry for help on Willy's behalf. As an adoring wife, Linda totally understands Willy and understands that he needs help and support to overcome his unstable position. Linda feels that Biff and Happy are being ungrateful towards their father's hardship after all he provided for them and the encouragement he gave them.
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Meanwhile, the boys are having a conversation in their old bedroom. They discuss their father and the fact that he is becoming senile in his old age. They have been on a date, and through their conversation we see that Happy holds himself to low moral standards. They talk about success, their hopes, and all the while Willy is downstairs having a conservation with no one. Willy is immersed in one of his flashbacks, where he relives conversations and scenes from the past. The boys are embarrassed for him, and the scene transforms into a fall day, 15 years ago.
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The mistress, sultry yet sophisticated, played a larger part in the play, Death of A Salesman, than most would imagine.
The woman, on the other hand, does. Furthermore, she tells him that she selected him out of all the salesmen. This makes him feel quite superior to the other salesmen and gives him a higher self-esteem. In addition, she tells him that the next time he came, she would let him go directly through to see the buyers without having to wait in line. Willy had not been successful in his business trips for quite awhile so when she tells him this, it makes him feel as if he is a success.
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Betrayed or Betrayer? Discuss theses two aspects of Willy Loman's character and comment on how they affect both Willy himself and the other characters' relationships with him.
In the 1950's society the 'dream' had translated into personal wealth that was personal obtained- any failure to obtain such wealth was seen as a failure of the individual, not society. The American Dream is a combination of beliefs a belief in the unity of family, healthiness of competition in society and the need for success and money. In his play, Miller uses some of these beliefs, which are connected. In that stage of history, America offered alternatives to the European way of life and plenty of land, riches for all people and all of Americas people could share in the wealth of the nation.
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Willy's view of the world is based to a large extent based on two men. His brother Ben, who made a fortune by finding diamonds in the jungle, and an old salesman called David Singleman, the salesman he aspires to become. Willy desperately tries to believe that he is a success, something he always tried to tell his sons. But of course at the age of sixty-three, near retirement, he has to realize that he cannot achieve what he was longing for.
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These expectations, though, are contrary to Biff's desires and dreams, since he aspires to work in the outdoors. For Biff, the job of becoming a salesman entails one "to suffer fifty weeks of the years for the sake of a two-week vacation, when all you really desire is to be outdoors, with your shirt off" (11). Thus the difference in desire between father and son leads to conflict, especially because Willy is stubborn and unwilling to yield to his son's ingenuous ideas. Biff is first to realize that his own passions are not synonymous to his dad's, and in a heated confrontation prior to Willy's death, Biff shouts, "What am I trying to become what I don't want to be?
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He is, for Willy, a symbol of all that is "good in the land of opportunity". "When I was seventeen I walked into the jungle, and when I was twenty-one I walked out. And by god I was rich." This statement is influential for Willy, because it is a prime example of the American Dream which Willy longs to achieve. The American Dream is to achieve success in a respectful career; gaining wealth, popularity and social status through honest decent hard work. Ben has achieved this in Willy's eyes, and Willy aspires to have the same success, as he admires his older brother so.
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So our first impression of the man is him failing to deliver. As the play proceeds we see Willy comparing himself to his relations or friends realizing that he is even more of a failure. Willy is a failure when compared to his father. Ben asserts "that he could sell more in a week than Willy could in a lifetime". He is represented as someone who was successful in his own way as Ben tells us: 'Great inventor, father. With one gadget he made more in a week than a man like you could make in a lifetime.'
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That is actually partly true and I want to give you an incentive but not through lies. I know that I have been quite strict with you in the past few years but you must believe me that it is just for your own good. You really don't want to end up like me after graduation. I actually never graduated, since I flunked Math. I can still remember that as if it happened yesterday. My dad taught me that all you need to get far in life is by being well liked, as he always liked to say it.
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"I'm the New England man. I'm vital in New England." The old saying "Pride comes before a fall" is a sharp realization of Willy's Life. Willy is somewhat deluded. All of his life he has dreamt about becoming successful and respected by his family and friends, he wants to be admired. Willy Loman has worked for his father's company for 34 years and also for Howard Wagner. To sell to the customers he travels often to Boston. Howard, Willy's boss, has just bought a new recording machine.
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Willy lived and died by The American Dream, however to Biff, Willy had "all the wrong dreams. All, all, wrong." This was true, Willy was not a success, because he had to go and ask Howard for a salary. Willy had gone to see Howard for a few reasons but importantly to ask him for a 65$ salary because he gets paid on commission. Willy is not doing very well in the business world; therefore he is living on next to nothing. For help he has to borrow 50$ a week from Charlie to show Linda, and pretend to her that, he had earned it.
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Before he has paid off his fridge the fan belt has broken meaning he has to pay extra to get it repaired. He also has large bills to pay and no money to pay them with. "Odds and ends comes to around a hundred and twenty dollars by the fifteenth" Willy replies "a hundred and twenty dollars! My God, if business don't pick up, I don't know what I'm gonna do!" Before the car is paid off Willy has a negative attitude towards it "That goddam Chevrolet, they ought to prohibit the manufacture of that car!"
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They always fight and argue with each other. Biff and Willy always have conflicts about getting a life and making money. Willy complains that Biff is nobody and as a result he doesn't listen to Biff's point of view. Instead, he makes fast and irrational conclusions such as not letting Biff talk about his visit to Oliver "Biff: His answer was- Dad, you're not letting me tell you what I want to tell you! Willy: You didn't see him, did you? Biff: I did see him! Willy: What'd you insult him or something?
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The sense of freedom is what people are striving for. Freedom from bills and debt is what Willy Loman is striving for in Death of a Salesman. The American Dream is seen as a perfect life, which consists of a house with a perfect family; a husband, wife, two children, all living happily and comfortably without any troubles. But very few Americans achieve that goal in their lifetime, because there's also competition if everyone's aiming for it. Every person is competing with their friends and neighbours. These flaws show through in 'Death of a Salesman' as Willy tries to get to grips with his life and trying to pay off his house.
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We join the play at the beginning of his failure. We see his get progressively disheartened and borrows money from his neighbour, Charley, and has convinced himself he will eventually be in the position to repay him, although as the audience we can see that this is highly unlikely. Our sympathy for Willy fades gradually as we realise he doesn't seem to help himself. We get increasingly annoyed with Willy chasing the American dream; we see he does not accept help as when Charley offers him a job, after Willy is fired from his company.
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He is very attention seeking "I'm gonna get married, Mom. I wanted to tell you" but this is not the truth and he is just trying to get attention. He also was incapable of interpreting the message of Willy's failure. From very early on in the play we begin to get evidence that Willy is a very contradictive character, and the first signs of his contradictions are when he says, "Biff is a lazy bum!" and "the trouble is he's lazy, goddamit!"
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Dave would ring up the friends that he had made in his time, and arrange business deals and meetings. This was the lifestyle that appealed to Willy. Willy also wanted to be like Dave and 'pick up a phone and be loved and helped my so many different people.' Dave Singleman is the representative of a successful salesman who followed the American Dream, and succeeded in his attempt to try and achieve it. Willy still believes in the same principles of how a successful salesman should be, and that was 40 years ago.
- Word count: 1823
Willy starts of as a 'normal' salesman but he slowly starts to degenerate into a gibbering wreck. We are told at the beginning that, "His exhaustion is apparent". He believes the American dream that anyone can be successful as it's the land of opportunity and land of the free. Also that if you're well liked you can be very successful. Willy lives in New York as he has moved their after rejecting the offer to go to Alaska, instead he became a New York salesman, to follow the 'American dream' So he had hoped he could go into New York with nothing and leave 'rich' This formed part of the 'phoney American dream' At the beginning of
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her husband but, as we find out later in the play, Willy has crashed the car previously so this question is a justified one. Willy becomes irritated by this question and after repeating that 'nothing happened' questions Linda 'Didn't you hear me?' This introduces Willy's character, one who is easily annoyed and becomes angry. Because of Willy's temper Linda continues to speak more delicately, afraid to provoke a reaction. The issue of death is soon introduced into the play after Willy remarks 'I'm tired to the death.'
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This was due to the way their parents and more importantly their fathers raised them. Bernard is constantly made fun of as a child and is defined by the Lomans as a nerd and a bookworm. He doesn't have the same aspiration for sports as Biff has, and believes that academics/ his studies are much more important. He is a very caring person, at the beginning and end of the play. We can see that he always tries to help Biff even though he is many times rejected and insulted by him.
- Word count: 1369