• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Essence in Long Day's Journey into Night: The Director's Notes.

Extracts from this document...


The Essence in Long Day's Journey into Night: The Director's Notes ENG-4U1 By John Jung Teacher: Mr. Murray Date: Nov.17/03 Topic #1: Examine the director's notes of the play closely. What purpose do they serve within the play? How do they augment meaning and form? What function do they fulfill beyond simple stage direction? The director's notes in Long Day's Journey into Night bring a strong bond of understanding between the reader and the play. Eugene O' Neil created the book with such elaboration that no misinterpretations were to occur. The book is based on a dark family that has a bitter love relationship. The director's notes help the reader to perceive that the relationship is filled with no ordinary love, but bitter love. The purpose of the note is to make the reader part of the play, to make sure that the authors thoughts are keenly delivered with no misinterpretation. Although Shakespeare's Othello is considered as one of the best plays in the world, the play Long Day's Journey into Night is known for its better quality of content. The notes are the essence of the play because they provide a clear view of the setting and theme, summarizes the characters physical and psychological description with perfection, and provide the reader a clear picture of the character's actions, feelings and mood. ...read more.


The hardwood floor is nearly covered by a rug...Around the table..." (O'Neil, pg. 11) Act Four also clearly shows the fog becoming denser. Mary is in a fog due to her drug usage. The description shows the reader Mary's state of mind; "Outside the windows the wall of fog appears denser than ever. As the curtain rises, the foghorn is heard, followed by the ships' bells from the harbor." (O'Neil, pg.14) In Othello, there are no detailed sets provided, and the director's notes are very short. The director must re-invent Shakespeare's set, whereas O'Neil tells the director everything. Shakespeare merely states "A Street in Venice Night." (Shakespeare, Act I, scene i) The action and the dialogue must build the setting. The director's notes provide the reader a clear image of the character's actions, feelings and mood to augment meaning and form. O'Neil carefully describes characters to assist the director in casting the actors. Shakespeare's Othello has the statement; "Enter Roderigo and Iago" (Shakespeare, Act I, scene i). The viewer or reader must learn about these characters from the dialogue; However, Mary, in Long Day's Journey into Night, is however carefully described by O'Neil; "Mary is fifty-four, about medium height. ...read more.


The play finishes with Mary explaining the circumstances which led to her marrying James Tyrone. She had wanted to become a nun, but was told to see it she was meant to be a nun by; "...going home after I graduated, and living as other girls lived, going out to parties and dances and enjoying myself; and then..." (O'Neil, pg.175) She met Tyrone that year. The final stage directions clearly show the effect it (the marriage) had on her life; "She stares before her in a sad dream. Tyrone stirs in his chair. Edmund and Jamie remain motionless." (O'Neil, pg.179) In conclusion, O'Neil's director's notes demonstrated the tragic marriage and its effects on all four of the characters with elaboration. The notes helped the readers understand the play much more efficiently: summarizing the physical and psychological description of the characters, providing a clear view of the setting and theme, and providing the reader a clear picture of the character's actions, feelings and mood to augment meaning and form. The author used detailed stage directions, also called as director's notes, to ensure that the viewers and readers all experienced the same setting and themes, and that characters revealed their true natures. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Directing Macbeth section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Directing Macbeth essays

  1. How does the director appeal to the emotions of the viewers in the Sixth ...

    The harshness of the sound also mirrors the harshness of what Cole had just said. This work from www.courseworkbank.co.uk Another use of the blackboard is to show the downwards spiral of the teacher's confidence. Where the boy had stopped writing on the blackboard and began looking at what was going

  2. Coursework Question: Discuss how successfully 'Twelve Angry Men' works as a thriller despite the ...

    With the character of juror no.10 the director gives a significant message out to the audience, that there is no room for prejudice in the set as well as off the set. This message is mainly conveyed when juror no.10 angrily speaks aloud his inappropriate remarks, 'o yeh, some of

  1. Analyse each Directors choice of setting for the three films (all versions of Macbeth) ...

    The scene opens with them on a cliff with no backdrop or landscape. We never see their bodies only their faces are shown as silhouettes. The witches are gathered around a boiling cauldron where they are whispering to each other.

  2. Can One of the dilemmas facing a modern day director in the presentation of ...

    As the characters Banquo and Macbeth are from the Shakespearean era they are profoundly affect by the stereotypical witches. In the Shakespearean era witches would normally have clich�d props such as broomsticks however modern directors have omitted these in favour of more symbolic props such as the spinning wheel incorporated by Kurosawa into Throne of Blood.

  1. Act 1 scene 1 of "Macbeth" the Scottish tragedy.

    Then the sky quickly develops from sunrise to morning. We see the witches walk along the wet sand as they leave the beach. They leave no footprints behind, jut black shadows. In this way Polanski tries to show the dark powers of the witches.

  2. Shakespeare coursework - Macbeth. The supernatural is vital to the plot and the actions ...

    Obviously I am going to have three witches as it says in the first line of the text, "Where shall we three meet again?" I will have all the witches about the same old age, and have them standing with hunched backs around a sword (dagger)

  1. Consider the dramatic importance of act 4 scene 1. And how as a director ...

    This makes the witches appear almost evil and this is very dramatic because this chanting has an almost hypnotic quality to it. And the actions on stage and the iconography would increase the dramatic importance of this scene because they are evocative to a black mass.

  2. Imagine that you are the director of a production of Macbeth. Write a an ...

    (Points to an empty stool) - Director walks near where the stool is placed - " Right, Kelly I would prefer you to be not fearful, but concerned and comforting when your husband walks in, as he's just killed king Duncan and obviously bears a lot of guilt."

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work