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The possible effects of post traumatic stress that may occur after a train crash.

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Introduction

Assignment 2 -Post Traumatic Stress In this assignment I will be looking into and explaining the possible effects of post traumatic stress that may occur after a train crash. I will be looking at the effects it may have on the general public and those in the public services involved in the event. I will be looking at how stress placed on public service organisations can be reduced and will be examining the effectiveness of various helping strategies. Post traumatic stress disorder is an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can develop at any age, including in childhood. Symptoms typically begin within 3 months of a traumatic event, although occasionally they do not begin until years later. Once PTSD occurs, the severity and duration of the illness varies. Some people recover within 6 months, while others suffer much longer. Both the general public and public service personnel are certainly open to receiving PTSD from the train crash. Members of the public may have to endure the death of those close to them also involved in the train crash or just seeing the carnage and injuries and deaths around them is certainly enough to be liable of PTSD. Members of the Public services can be affected due to having to witness such deaths or injuries and perhaps having to deal with a person dying in front of them or in their arms. ...read more.

Middle

Psychiatrists and other mental health professionals have good success in treating the very real and painful effects of PTSD. These professionals use a variety of treatment methods to help people who are suffering from PTSD to work through their trauma and pain. These methods include: * Behaviour therapy - This focuses on correcting the painful and intrusive patterns of behaviour by teaching people with PTSD relaxation techniques and examining the mental processes that are causing the problem * Cognitive behavioural therapy - This involves working with cognitions to change emotions, thoughts and behaviours. It includes managing anger and preparing for stress reactions. * Psychodynamic Psychotherapy - This focuses on helping the individual to learn and examine personal values and how they were affected by behaviour and experience during the traumatic event. * Family therapy - This may also be recommended as the behaviour of children and spouse may result from and affect the individual suffering from PTSD. * Discussion groups or peer-counselling groups - The person suffering from PTSD may share their experiences and reactions with others also with PTSD. They are encouraged to do this during these meetings. Grooup members help one another realise that many people would have done the same thing and felt the same emotions. * Medication - This can help to control the symptoms of PTSD. The symptom relief that medication provides helps the person to participate more effectively in psychotherapy when their condition might otherwise prevent it. ...read more.

Conclusion

I know from experiences in the past, even though they were not perhaps considered a traumatic event, the best way I found recovery was to talk it over with someone. I found the feeling that there was someone there that I could realise my problems on and that would understand me. This brings me to the conclusion that counselling is the best way of dealing with PTSD. Public service organisations and staff can do many things to reduce and prepare for such traumatic events, such as a train crash. The staff can be trained and taught how to deal with situations like this. I believe they should be told that after such a traumatic event they should talk to someone about it or maybe attend a group meeting, perhaps like a group therapy session to release their thoughts and feelings from their systems rather than keep it bottled up. A debriefing session can be attended after the event by public service personnel. This session will be offered very soon after the event, usually no more than a few days. This is provided by many services today as part of an organisational stress management programme. A very common feeling public service personnel suffer is guilt, especially medics. The feeling often is that it was their fault that they were unable to prevent this person from dying and they are held responsible for their death. Talking to others that may have suffered the same experience may help as it may help them see that it wasn't their fault and that they did the best job possible. Tom Cook 06/05/2007 Word Count - 1,933 ...read more.

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