• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What are the differences between "I am certain" and "it is certain", and is passionate conviction ever sufficient for justifying knowledge?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Name: Jonathan Tam Class: 13A International Baccalaureate - Theory of Knowledge What are the differences between "I am certain" and "it is certain", and is passionate conviction ever sufficient for justifying knowledge? In this statement, there are two different structures of sentence. The use of "I" is a first person tense, whereas "it" does not involve a particular viewpoint. According to the theory of linguistic determinism1, or linguistic relativity2 to be more precise, explains the difficulty of distinguishing knowledge. Linguistic relativity tells us that the language we use determines part of our thinking. The language we speak will more or less influence our thinking to follow that culture. If the culture empathizes on individualism, then it is more likely that the people will use "I am certain" since their cultural background teaches them to put personal emotions on their first priority, whereas people from a different culture will put the community first before their personal emotions. Therefore the validity of these statements depends on their background cultures. There are mainly two ways for us to treat knowledge we receive: subjectively or objectively. These two statements "I am certain" is more on the subjective side, since there are no others being involved except from myself. ...read more.

Middle

This statement is stronger because not only does it excludes the passionate conviction from the Christian but also introduces other areas of knowledge (science, history, religion etc.) and becomes a more accepted "truth" or "certainty". "It is certain" is another kind of sentence structure where a first person sense is changed into a third person sense. However, the process of doing so must involve a loss of information i.e. in this case one's emotion. In scientific researches, the author must avoid using first person tense when writing in order to exclude any false influences caused by their personal emotions. Many experiments must have been done with insignificant errors in order for a scientist to prove/disprove a theory. However, "I am certain" does not necessarily mean nothing. For a belief to become justified, it has to be compared with a fixed theory or belief that is dependable. As humans, our strongest belief is our emotions and memories. For example, there is no one more certain than myself whether I am in love or not, and passionate conviction will only strengthen this belief. In these cases, "I am certain" is a better way of expressing knowledge (it will be less convincing if someone say "It is ...read more.

Conclusion

There are no other areas of knowledge that can disprove my feeling cold in 20�C. Science tells me that I should feel reasonably comfortable in 20�C. However, science can predict that people from Africa should feel differently when placed in a different environment. On the other hand, ways of knowing can perfectly tell if one is feeling cold or not. Our perception helps us to first sense the weather, then see how this person react to this weather. Logic tells us that if a person feels cold, he will shake. Our emotion can help us sense if that person is making a false claim or not from their facial expressions, body language, etc. Finally, our language helps us understand how cold this person feels. There is a significant difference between "It is a bit cool here", "I am cold", and even "I am freezing". Therefore passionate conviction is sometimes sufficient to justify knowledge. In conclusion, "I am certain" and "It is certain" and passionate conviction do not contribute to a particular side, and they tend to change in terms of validity when dealing with different situations. 1 Theory of Knowledge, Nicholas Alchin, John Murray (Publishers) Ltd, 2004, P. 205 2 http://venus.va.com.au/suggestion/sapir.html 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Reviews of Personal Performances section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Reviews of Personal Performances essays

  1. What are the critical differences between content and process theories in motivation?

    Expectancy theory draws attention to the difficulties of work motivation. It does however show certain points that managers should pay attention to. -Using reward appropriate for the performance -Establish clear relationships between effort, performance and rewards. -Explain clearly how evaluation will take place -Pay attention to variables -Minimize undesirable outcomes (1)

  2. Evaluate the Role of Intuition in different Areas of Knowledge

    In Natural Sciences intuition allows hypothesis to be made and therefore theories. Intuition plays a role in the area of knowledge when predicting a result in a certain experiment. This may be exemplified in a very simple experiment such as that when testing for which type of food mice's lean to; sweet(piece of candy)

  1. The Police Force in N.S.W must have sufficient powers so that they are able ...

    This also applies to people entering the targeted lock down area as well. No reasonable suspicion or cause is required for these searches to be conducted. Also persons if asked must give personal details along with proof of id so that there identity can be verified.

  2. We had to create a tableaux image of the four strong words in the ...

    We weren't facing each other or the child and our facial expressions showed we were very angry yet determined to be the parent looking after the child. Andy, Katie and Fiona held a freeze frame to show a big argument, they all had raised arms and very angry expressions, this showed their hate for one another.

  1. Compare at least three photographs belonging to one of the six types discussed in ...

    The similarities between the photographs could be said to be because 'personal photographs are said to embedded in the lives of those that own them' (Liz Wells). Although this could not be seen simply by studying each photograph it could be found by questioning each persons photograph and there motives for selecting such a photo.

  2. "Z for Zachariah" by Robert C O'Brien.

    I had a picture in my mind of Loomis, from beginning to end. From him being the vulnerable sick patient who relied on Ann, to the obsessive and paranoid person he turned out to be, who's fight for survival was paramount.

  1. How ICT helps people with disabilities.

    Learning Disabilities First off as learning disabilities is such a big category I will bullet point the learning disabilities that are know to us. Speech Recognition Blind & Visually Impaired Cognitive Disabilities Deaf and Hard of Hearing Electronics aids to daily living Mouse Alternatives Keyboard Alternatives Switch Access Text-to-speech Augmentative

  2. Is there knowledge we should not seek? Or is all knowledge inherently and can ...

    So it is the purpose that makes knowledge important and as we know nothing is valuable if it has no importance and purpose. So there I come to the next question - how the knowledge will be used or whether the knowledge will be used at all.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work