• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What are the differences between "I am certain" and "it is certain", and is passionate conviction ever sufficient for justifying knowledge?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Name: Jonathan Tam Class: 13A International Baccalaureate - Theory of Knowledge What are the differences between "I am certain" and "it is certain", and is passionate conviction ever sufficient for justifying knowledge? In this statement, there are two different structures of sentence. The use of "I" is a first person tense, whereas "it" does not involve a particular viewpoint. According to the theory of linguistic determinism1, or linguistic relativity2 to be more precise, explains the difficulty of distinguishing knowledge. Linguistic relativity tells us that the language we use determines part of our thinking. The language we speak will more or less influence our thinking to follow that culture. If the culture empathizes on individualism, then it is more likely that the people will use "I am certain" since their cultural background teaches them to put personal emotions on their first priority, whereas people from a different culture will put the community first before their personal emotions. Therefore the validity of these statements depends on their background cultures. There are mainly two ways for us to treat knowledge we receive: subjectively or objectively. These two statements "I am certain" is more on the subjective side, since there are no others being involved except from myself. ...read more.

Middle

This statement is stronger because not only does it excludes the passionate conviction from the Christian but also introduces other areas of knowledge (science, history, religion etc.) and becomes a more accepted "truth" or "certainty". "It is certain" is another kind of sentence structure where a first person sense is changed into a third person sense. However, the process of doing so must involve a loss of information i.e. in this case one's emotion. In scientific researches, the author must avoid using first person tense when writing in order to exclude any false influences caused by their personal emotions. Many experiments must have been done with insignificant errors in order for a scientist to prove/disprove a theory. However, "I am certain" does not necessarily mean nothing. For a belief to become justified, it has to be compared with a fixed theory or belief that is dependable. As humans, our strongest belief is our emotions and memories. For example, there is no one more certain than myself whether I am in love or not, and passionate conviction will only strengthen this belief. In these cases, "I am certain" is a better way of expressing knowledge (it will be less convincing if someone say "It is ...read more.

Conclusion

There are no other areas of knowledge that can disprove my feeling cold in 20�C. Science tells me that I should feel reasonably comfortable in 20�C. However, science can predict that people from Africa should feel differently when placed in a different environment. On the other hand, ways of knowing can perfectly tell if one is feeling cold or not. Our perception helps us to first sense the weather, then see how this person react to this weather. Logic tells us that if a person feels cold, he will shake. Our emotion can help us sense if that person is making a false claim or not from their facial expressions, body language, etc. Finally, our language helps us understand how cold this person feels. There is a significant difference between "It is a bit cool here", "I am cold", and even "I am freezing". Therefore passionate conviction is sometimes sufficient to justify knowledge. In conclusion, "I am certain" and "It is certain" and passionate conviction do not contribute to a particular side, and they tend to change in terms of validity when dealing with different situations. 1 Theory of Knowledge, Nicholas Alchin, John Murray (Publishers) Ltd, 2004, P. 205 2 http://venus.va.com.au/suggestion/sapir.html 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Reviews of Personal Performances section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Reviews of Personal Performances essays

  1. Evaluate the ways in which emotion might enhance and or undermine reasoning as a ...

    For instance, your attitude towards a certain subject is low; the overall achievement in that class would as well. For example, when some people walk into a math session, a gloomy thought thinking that he/she could be possibly be doing something better with his/her life then solving a boring mathematical equation.

  2. Evaluate the Role of Intuition in different Areas of Knowledge

    In Natural Sciences intuition allows hypothesis to be made and therefore theories. Intuition plays a role in the area of knowledge when predicting a result in a certain experiment. This may be exemplified in a very simple experiment such as that when testing for which type of food mice's lean to; sweet(piece of candy)

  1. What are the critical differences between content and process theories in motivation?

    Hygiene Factors - If these are absent they cause dissatisfaction. They are concerned with the job environment and content. They prevent dissatisfaction. Dealing with the Hygiene factors however does not give you satisfaction or motivate you in any way. (2)

  2. We had to create a tableaux image of the four strong words in the ...

    heads on our knees for a few seconds then gradually sat up again, looking weary and in pain. Fiona, who played the mother, remained with her head on her knees to show that she was dead and not going to sit back up again.

  1. How ICT helps people with disabilities.

    First off I will list the disabilities that people may have. Examples of types of disabilities are: Sensory disability. Physical disability. Learning difficulties. Language. I will choose to look at the things that help people with learning disabilities. The learning disability is a vast category out of the four, as

  2. Which sources of knowledge- books, web sites, the media, personal experience, authorities or some ...

    you can not guarantee that what you have learnt from that experience or sensation is what is actually correct, as that is very subjective, and so is what you feel. The negative aspects are also notable. For example, senses and experiences are quite abstract, and very hard to explain to others, due to their subjectivity.

  1. The Police Force in N.S.W must have sufficient powers so that they are able ...

    Act 2002. It allows police to call for a lock down. This allows police to designate an area that is of major concern and completely lock it down. Anyone that is caught within the area can be searched and anything under their control.

  2. Compare at least three photographs belonging to one of the six types discussed in ...

    Overall in the most general distinction it had to be something very positive. I found that all the photos that brought in where also positive and when giving there reasons for selecting there photographs being 'happy' seemed to be in a key element.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work