1984. Relating facts and details written in the novel, describe Winstons character as it relates to his attitude toward the Party. What series of thoughts and events contributed to his ultimate downfall?
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MARIE BROUILLETTE-CHOUINARD Anglais : langue et littérature III 604-333-LF Essay : GEORGE ORWELL'S 1984 Presented to Mr. Paul Bougie Département des langues Collège Laflèche, Trois-rivières Travail remis le 25 décembre 2011 Topic: Relating facts and details written in the novel, describe Winston's character as it relates to his attitude toward the Party. What series of thoughts and events contributed to his ultimate downfall? G eorge Orwell surely did not write the novel 1984 without a very specific goal in his head. This novel has nothing to do with the typical novels that are written to entertain only. Orwell's main objective in 1984 is to show the horrible aspects of totalitarianism. This hatred toward totalitarianism is felt throughout the entire novel, but specifically through the character of Winston, through his way of seeing things. Winston Smith is a character who shows a resistance to the Party, with his individuality and his intellectual ability to reason about everything that is going on around him.
Winston Smith, in the novel, is a low-ranking member of the ruling Party in London, which is the nation of Oceania. Just like everybody else, Winston is constantly being watched through telescreens, and everywhere he looks, he sees the face of the Party's omniscient leader that they call Big Brother. From the very first pages of the book, Winston's frustration toward the Party's rigid control and oppression is easily noticeable. Although, it's important to know that the simple fact of him feeling frustrated is considered as Thought Crime in the Party, because expression of individuality is completely forbidden, and hatred toward the Party is a very serious crime. Winston's way of evacuating the bad thoughts, the criminal thoughts, is to write them in a diary that he purchased illegally. The diary is the first rebellious act that we are witnessing, and its rebelliousness grows more and more, starting from having an illegal love affair with Julia, to getting himself secretly indoctrinated into the Anti-Party Brotherhood.
His way of thinking, by considering that he is helpless to evade his condition, is what allows him to take risks such as renting the room above Mr. Charrington's shop or stupidly trusting O'Brien. We know that he knows deep down inside him that the risks he is taking will get him caught by the Party, because he admits it to O'Brien while in prison. Winston Smith, who is convinced that he has nothing to lose but his own mind, is pretty much convinced that he will get caught no matter what he does. It's this fatality that he is aware of that convinces him that he must keep on rebelling, because the worst will come anyway. Lucid optimism is impossible in the world he lives. Hope is absent. Winston knows that the hope he gives himself is fake. The ultimate downfall happening at the end of the book, in some way, could have been predicted from the very beginning of the book, because the entire novel is synonym of fatality.
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