• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

19th Century Victorian Horror Stories: English Literature Coursework: How 19th Century writers of horror stories effectively used language to fill readers with a sense of horror

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

19th Century Victorian Horror Stories: English Literature Coursework How 19th Century writers of horror stories effectively used language to fill readers with a sense of horror In the 19th Century, writers of mystery tales affectively used language to fill readers with a sense of horror. Discuss with reference to the three of the short stories you have read. The three stories are: The Money's Paw by W.W. Jacobs, The Red Room by H.G. Wells and The Judges House by Bram Stoker. All of these three stories are similar in one-way or another and contain typical gothic conventions, supernatural elements, madness and macabre. They also contain certain elements that are important for creating and sustaining tension in stories. In the Victorian era books were one of the only forms of entertainment and readers loved to be scared. So the writers focused on using language to frighten their readers. The first story I am going to discuss is the Monkey's Paw by W.W.Jacobs. In the extract from the Monkey's paw the writer W.W.Jacobs creates tension by focusing on the characters emotions as the character of Mrs White wakes up. The author really accentuates Mrs White's sudden excitement as she has the idea of using the paw to bring her beloved son back to life. Jacobs chooses powerful adverbs to intensify her emotions. Mrs White talks "wildly", "hysterically" and "rapidly" at first. But all of a sudden she speaks "quietly" as she whispers to her husband "I want it!" showing her fierce determination to get her hands on this mystical object. The sudden contrast in the way she speaks and her erratic behaviour gives the impression she is not quite herself. It also makes her look dangerous and frightening not just to the reader, but also to her terror-stricken husband. The reader is beginning to think that this enigmatic object is slowly making its victims lose touch with reality. ...read more.

Middle

Instead he puts it down to a simple draft, even though there is no draft in the room. One by one all of the candles die out, the man tries to desperately relight them but with no luck. The writer's clever methods of describing this part of the story begin to frighten the reader and further mounts the tensions surrounding the man. Also the effect of the first person narrator telling the story is that it makes the reader feel as if they are there with the narrator and going through all the emotions and experience with him. In The Red Room H.G Wells focuses a lot on paranoia of the human mind and how it can lead you to believing many things. He also focuses on using adjectives, metaphors, similes etc. to convey fear and terror in to his writing. The next story I am going to discuss is The Judges House by Bram Stoker. In the extract from The Judges House Bram Stoker creates a sense of horror by focusing on the stormy weather outside as the character Malcomson - a young scholar who's searching for a place to stay, so he can study for his examinations quietly and untroubled, arrives at the house. Stoker emphasises on how the gale "seemed to shake" the old house, showing just how powerful the storm is, as the house is described as being a "heavy built house" with "heavy gables and windows". As the gale becomes more powerful it "roars and rages", this creates a picture in the readers mind that this storm is alive - almost like a ferocious creature attacking the house. The author describes the storm as making "strange, unearthly sounds" as if it comes from another world, this gives the impression that the storm is unnatural and makes the reader begin to feel that the house and situation isn't something out of the ordinary. ...read more.

Conclusion

The "silence" surrounding it, could give the impression that this is Malcomson's view of the situation - because there is stormy weather outside and the loud scurrying of rat's from the roof, its like he has blocked everything else out around him and is focused on the one powerful creature sitting in front of him. To conclude my essay on these three short stories, I would like to point out the similarities between them that contribute to successfully creating a sense of horror and scaring their readers. Firstly, all three stories successfully fill their readers with a sense of horror, by the authors using techniques such as suspense, dramatic impact, adjectives, metaphors, similes and many other language techniques. Secondly, each of the stories use similar themes such as typical gothic conventions, supernatural, madness and macabre. In The Monkey's Paw, one of the main characters is shown as almost losing her mind, in The Red Room, ghosts are a main factor and in The Judge's House, one of the main characters is a murderer. Thirdly, when these stories were written, books were one of the only forms of entertainment, so it was very important that the authors kept a loyal audience and satisfied their readers. Nowadays there are many other forms of entertainment so books aren't always considered very interesting or important. For example whereas in the 19th century one of their main forms of entertainment was horror books, nowadays we would prefer to watch horror films. Finally, each story has one or maybe two factors that it particularly focuses on; The Monkey's Paw - the Monkey's Paw, The Red Room - the darkness and ghosts, The Judge's House - the bell rope. By doing this it can create a lot of horror within a reader as each time they see the factor, they know that, that certain object will be the demise of the characters at the end of the story, but they don't know how. This is what scares the reader. By Hannah Evans ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE H.G. Wells section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE H.G. Wells essays

  1. Gothic Horror stories. The three stories are 'The Signalman' written by Charles Dickens in ...

    These red lights signify death, evil and blood. In the signalman the red light is the light in the train tunnel. "He pointed to the red light..." This red light alone gives a feeling of unsettlement, but as the red light is in the dark train tunnel it adds to what this is meant to signify.

  2. How is tension and suspense built up and maintained in at least two Gothic ...

    don't know what the first two were, but the third was death". "The Red Room" has many stories which give it such an unsettling atmosphere, and helps cause the protagonist to believe the room is haunted "The Red Room" also has off putting exotic ornaments to build suspense "a porcelain

  1. knowing and not knowing humour and iriony in H.G Wells' short stories

    The Cockney voices of the cabman and others, who are chasing after the terrorist, also adds humour to the story. Another ironic point in the story is that the Bacteriologist's wife is called Mini, and she has a habit of petty nagging.

  2. In the three Gothic Horror stories studied, how does each writer's description of the ...

    In the second quote there is a strong adjective which when the reader reads, the mind can just imagine a fire and the effects of it - a monstrous shadow... In Prince Prospero's castle there are 7 rooms of 7 different colours; the first was all blue, second was all

  1. Comparing "The Monkey's Paw" and "The Red Room" In this essay, I am going ...

    The intensive description of the long passage that the narrator takes to reach The Red Room keeps the suspense raising without a drop: "The long, draughty subterranean passage was chilly and dusty,". This quote and others of the same structure are very effective, descriptive and create a clear image in the readers mind of how creepy it is in there.

  2. How do writers of charity letters persuade us to support their charities?

    The NSPCC also make use of the rule of three - "Harry seemed to look more underweight, miserable and withdrawn whenever they saw him". As you can see this technique is very effective in exaggerating and emphasising the suffering that these people are facing, and of course, is geared towards highly encouraging us to donate money.

  1. Analyse those features of nineteenth century mystery stories which create interest and atmosphere and ...

    and they help progress the narrator through to the intangible use of fear, ending with the discovery of the "intruder". The narrator mentions at the beginning, "It will take a very tangible ghost to frighten me," This shows the irony of his situation later on, as he is confronted with a very intangible ghost that does frighten him.

  2. Knowing and not knowing, humour and irony in the short stories of H.G. Wells

    Certainly, dear.' In the Victorian time women weren't seen as 'high' as men and this is shown through Minnie, she is a house wife who doesn't know much but just wanting to set a good impression on the neighbours, this makes women look quite pathetic this would be funny to Victorian men.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work