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A christman carol

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introducing Shakespeare & Shakespeare's England TASK: Consider the 10 boxes below. Based on your knowledge of Shakespeare and Elizabethan England decide which statements are FACT and which are complete works of FICTION... FACT or FICTION? FACT FICTION Bathing was considered to be a health risk! Nobody drank water. Beer was the standard tipple, and it was strong. It was drunk throughout the day at breakfast, lunch and dinner! Actors of Shakespeare's time would regularly trash inns, drink heavily, chase the local girls and generally wreak havoc! The streets of London were narrow, cobbled and slippery with the slime of refuse as chamber pots were emptied out of windows! Shakespeare produced some of the most original plays of his time. Before he came onto the scene going to the theatre was boring! Shakespeare's father could not read or write! Neither could his two daughters! Gravesites were reused because of a shortage. It was discovered that 1 out of every 25 coffins were found to have scratch marks on the inside! Shakespeare was born on April 23rd and died on April 23rd! All Shakespeare left for his wife when he died was his best bed. Everything else he left to his two daughters! The 37 plays that are attributed to Shakespeare were probably written by someone else. Shakespeare could barely write his own name! Introducing Shakespeare: Will's Life WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE was born on April 23, 1564 in the town of Stratford-upon-Avon to Mary Arden and John Shakespeare. His dad had made some money in the glove business and opened a general store. Over the years he also bought some property and this meant that the family had a comfortable lifestyle. Will was the third of eight children and received a free boyhood education because of his father's position as alderman. His later writing suggest that as a kid Shakespeare enjoyed football, field sports and arguing with the referees. ...read more.

Middle

Tybalt turns his attention from Mercutio to Romeo, and calls Romeo a villain. Romeo, now secretly married to Juliet and thus Tybalt's kinsman, refuses to be angered by Tybalt's verbal attack. Tybalt commands Romeo to draw his sword. Romeo protests that he has good reason to love Tybalt, and does not wish to fight him. He asks that until Tybalt knows the reason for this love, he put aside his sword. Disgusted by what he sees as Romeo's cowardice, Mercutio angrily draws his sword and declares with biting wit that if Romeo will not fight Tybalt, he will. Mercutio and Tybalt begin to fight. Romeo, attempting to restore peace, throws himself between the two men. Using this distraction, Tybalt stabs Mercutio under Romeo's arm, and as Mercutio falls, Tybalt and his men hurry away. Mercutio dies, cursing both the Montagues and the Capulets: "A plague o' both your houses". Enraged by the death of his friend, Romeo declares that his love for Juliet has made him effeminate, and that he should have fought Tybalt in Mercutio's place. When Tybalt, still angry, storms back onto the scene, Romeo draws his sword. They fight, and Romeo kills Tybalt. Benvolio urges Romeo to run as a group of citizens outraged at the recurring street fights is approaching. Romeo, shocked at what has happened, cries "O, I am fortune's fool!" and flees. The Prince enters, accompanied by many citizens, and the Montagues and Capulets. Benvolio tells the Prince the story of the brawl, emphasizing Romeo's attempt to keep the peace, but Lady Capulet, Tybalt's aunt, cries that Benvolio is lying to protect the Montagues. She demands Romeo's life. Prince Escalus chooses instead to exile Romeo from Verona. He declares that should Romeo be found within the city, he will be killed. ROMEO AND JULIET : Original Script Act 3, Scene 1 SCENE I. A public place. Enter MERCUTIO, BENVOLIO, Page, and Servants BENVOLIO I pray thee, good Mercutio, let's retire: The day is hot, the Capulets abroad, And, if we meet, we shall not scape a brawl; For now, these hot days, is the mad blood stirring. ...read more.

Conclusion

What is still to come? The Opening of the Scene You will need to explain the dramatic devices that Shakespeare uses to interest, involve and affect the audience. Comment on: * the atmosphere at the start of the scene (look at characters and language). What is it? How is it established? What is the audience's response? * the contrast between the mood of this scene and the romantic atmosphere of the previous scene (Act 2 Scene 6). How do the audience respond to this? * how the scene links to previous events in the play (the feud between the Montagues and the Capulets, previous public brawls, the Prince's warnings). What is all of this emphasising for the audience? * how Shakespeare builds up tension between Mercutio and Tybalt before Romeo's entrance and why? How does this effect the audience? What would an Elizabethan audience of that time be looking for? * what is making Tybalt challenge Romeo and why it is just as important for Romeo to make peace with Tybalt? What are the two characters thinking? What does the audience learn about these characters? * the use and effects of dramatic irony within the scene (when Romeo refuses to rise to Tybalt's challenge). What are other characters thinking about this exchange? What is wrong about Romeo's behaviour? * the realisation Romeo makes about how love has changed him. What does he go on to do? What does he then realise? Why does he believe his behaviour has been wrong? * the importance of Mercutio's curse. Why is it so significant? What is going to be the end result of this scene. What does this scene lead to? Conclusion Finally, sum up why this is such a dramatic and important scene: * what makes Act 3 Scene 1 the turning point in the play? Do you think it is? Why? * overall, how does this scene affect the audience? * why do you think this scene is so important to the play as a whole. ?? ?? ?? ?? English Language and Literature KS4 Coursework Shakespeare - Romeo and Juliet ...read more.

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