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a christmas carol

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Explore and explain how Charles Dickens Shows the development of the character of Ebenezer Scrooge in a 'Christmas Carol' Set in Victorian England Dickens A Christmas Carol famously shows a transformation of the character of Ebenezer Scrooge he is portrayed as a tight fisted old man. Scrooge ends up repenting with the help of the ghost of his old business partner, Jacob Marley, and the three spirits. The last stave celebrates Scrooge enjoying Christmas e.g. 'I will honour Christmas in my heart, and try to keep it all the year.' In this essay I intend to explore in detail, the variety of ways Dickens uses to show the development of Scrooges character Stave 1 In stave 1 we see Scrooge presented as an old, grumpy and selfish man. Jacob Marley, his business partner, had recently passed away on Christmas Eve. Scrooge attended the funeral but on the same day Dickens tells the reader that Scrooge went back to work, where he gained an undoubted bargain. This shows that Scrooge is more interested in money than his business partner's funeral. The first words at the start of stave 1 are, 'Marley was dead' Dickens had to make this abrupt point to make it clear Marley had died to prepare the reader for the fact that his ghost can come back. Charles Dickens uses a narrator, to both describe Scrooge and to judge him. ...read more.


Dickens involved Scrooge's sister fan to remind Scrooge of his nephew because they are similar generous characters. We can see that Scrooge cared about fan. This may be a sign that there is the potential that Scrooge's view of his nephew may also change. Dickens next includes a visit to Fezziwig, Scrooge's old employer. This is to show a contrast between how scrooge as an employer treats Bob Cratchit and the way Fezziwig treats Scrooge. Whereas Fezziwig threw a party for Christmas. Bob Cratchit had to ask Scrooge for the day off and Scrooge was still reluctant to give it to him. We can see that Scrooge liked Fezziwig by his reaction when he first saw him. He exclaims, 'Why it's old Fezziwig alive again'. This makes Scrooge think of Bob Cratchit. He says 'I should like to be able to say a word or two to my clerk just know.' Again Dickens involves this episode to show that a change in Scrooge's personality is possible. Stave 3 In Stave 3, which presents the second of the three spirits, The ghost of Christmas present, Scrooge tells the spirit that he has learnt from the last ghost. 'I went forth last night on compulsion and I learnt a lesson.' Scrooge wants to be taught from this ghost as well. He wants to change his ways. ' Tonight if you ought to reach me, let me profit by it.' ...read more.


Scrooge is at home in a matter of minutes. This is a remarkable change in Scrooge he now appreciates Christmas. The next morning Scrooge is working and Bob Cratchit comes in late. Scrooge growls, 'hallo' Bob then starts apologising. Scrooge then makes it seem like he is going to fire Bob but instead he raises his salary. This also shows that Scrooge's happiness doesn't revolve around wealth anymore. It also says in the book that tiny Tim did not die and Scrooge became a second father to him. Scrooge helps other people and charities. He talks to people in the street and becomes a cheerful man. This is a change from stave 1 where people avoided him in the street and even a blind mans dog stayed away from him. Conclusion In conclusion, the novel carries a powerful message both to Dickens's original Victorian readers and to us today. It shows us that Christmas is not just about opening presents, but is about being with family and friends who love us and having a jolly time with them. Whereas today people only seem to worry about what they get for Christmas. Perhaps Dickens 'A Christmas Carol' still has a valuable message for us all. It is about our responsibility towards those who are less fortunate. Dickens wanted Victorian society to be transformed not just his character 'Scrooge'. There is a clear resemblance between the deformed children 'ignorance' and 'want' and the starving children we see in ages of today. Overall this novel clearly has relevance to today's society ...read more.

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