• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

a christmas carol

Extracts from this document...


Explore and explain how Charles Dickens Shows the development of the character of Ebenezer Scrooge in a 'Christmas Carol' Set in Victorian England Dickens A Christmas Carol famously shows a transformation of the character of Ebenezer Scrooge he is portrayed as a tight fisted old man. Scrooge ends up repenting with the help of the ghost of his old business partner, Jacob Marley, and the three spirits. The last stave celebrates Scrooge enjoying Christmas e.g. 'I will honour Christmas in my heart, and try to keep it all the year.' In this essay I intend to explore in detail, the variety of ways Dickens uses to show the development of Scrooges character Stave 1 In stave 1 we see Scrooge presented as an old, grumpy and selfish man. Jacob Marley, his business partner, had recently passed away on Christmas Eve. Scrooge attended the funeral but on the same day Dickens tells the reader that Scrooge went back to work, where he gained an undoubted bargain. This shows that Scrooge is more interested in money than his business partner's funeral. The first words at the start of stave 1 are, 'Marley was dead' Dickens had to make this abrupt point to make it clear Marley had died to prepare the reader for the fact that his ghost can come back. Charles Dickens uses a narrator, to both describe Scrooge and to judge him. ...read more.


Dickens involved Scrooge's sister fan to remind Scrooge of his nephew because they are similar generous characters. We can see that Scrooge cared about fan. This may be a sign that there is the potential that Scrooge's view of his nephew may also change. Dickens next includes a visit to Fezziwig, Scrooge's old employer. This is to show a contrast between how scrooge as an employer treats Bob Cratchit and the way Fezziwig treats Scrooge. Whereas Fezziwig threw a party for Christmas. Bob Cratchit had to ask Scrooge for the day off and Scrooge was still reluctant to give it to him. We can see that Scrooge liked Fezziwig by his reaction when he first saw him. He exclaims, 'Why it's old Fezziwig alive again'. This makes Scrooge think of Bob Cratchit. He says 'I should like to be able to say a word or two to my clerk just know.' Again Dickens involves this episode to show that a change in Scrooge's personality is possible. Stave 3 In Stave 3, which presents the second of the three spirits, The ghost of Christmas present, Scrooge tells the spirit that he has learnt from the last ghost. 'I went forth last night on compulsion and I learnt a lesson.' Scrooge wants to be taught from this ghost as well. He wants to change his ways. ' Tonight if you ought to reach me, let me profit by it.' ...read more.


Scrooge is at home in a matter of minutes. This is a remarkable change in Scrooge he now appreciates Christmas. The next morning Scrooge is working and Bob Cratchit comes in late. Scrooge growls, 'hallo' Bob then starts apologising. Scrooge then makes it seem like he is going to fire Bob but instead he raises his salary. This also shows that Scrooge's happiness doesn't revolve around wealth anymore. It also says in the book that tiny Tim did not die and Scrooge became a second father to him. Scrooge helps other people and charities. He talks to people in the street and becomes a cheerful man. This is a change from stave 1 where people avoided him in the street and even a blind mans dog stayed away from him. Conclusion In conclusion, the novel carries a powerful message both to Dickens's original Victorian readers and to us today. It shows us that Christmas is not just about opening presents, but is about being with family and friends who love us and having a jolly time with them. Whereas today people only seem to worry about what they get for Christmas. Perhaps Dickens 'A Christmas Carol' still has a valuable message for us all. It is about our responsibility towards those who are less fortunate. Dickens wanted Victorian society to be transformed not just his character 'Scrooge'. There is a clear resemblance between the deformed children 'ignorance' and 'want' and the starving children we see in ages of today. Overall this novel clearly has relevance to today's society ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE A Christmas Carol section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE A Christmas Carol essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    English Lit How Does Charles Dickens Use Imagery and Language to Present the Character ...

    4 star(s)

    the closing stages of the novella Scrooge changes his views completely on Christmas. Scrooge himself was obsessed with his business and wealth, he always believed that no one should have any kind of holiday as it is only wasting valuable time; this shows that scrooge really does have a dark, cold heart.

  2. A Christmas Carol Essay.

    the reader can see that along with scrooge's turn of character he is truly a changed man who now loves Christmas. Dickens uses exaggeration to create a dramatic emphasis of an atmosphere or scrooge's character, the meaning for it varies between the first and last stave.

  1. Compare and Contrast Scrooge in Stave 1 and in Stave 5 in Charles Dickens ...

    This is a contrast to what happens in Stave 5 where Scrooge is asking a young boy for the date after the spirits have visited him. Scrooge gives the boy many compliments such as "an intelligent boy' or what "a delightful boy".

  2. How does Charles Dickens present the character of Scrooge In the opening chapter of ...

    Scrooge obviously feels that as long as poor people are surviving, charity doesn't concern him. The charity collectors are so taken aback by Scrooges attitude that they misinterpret his rejection to give money. They think he wants to remain anonymous.

  1. The Three Spirits in A Christmas Carol present the reader with a great variety ...

    which is a symbol for Scrooge as it has the same characteristics. Later on in the book he uses the ame technique with places and people e.g. the places that Scrooge is shown by the Ghost of the Christmas Past.

  2. Dickens’ A Christmas Carol and Priestley’s An Inspector Calls have strong messages for the ...

    Each of these characters represents the authors beliefs that we should change become a stronger community and disregard each other's differences.

  1. I am going to describe my first impressions of Scrooge and explain how Dickens ...

    dear scrooge' this is because no-body liked scrooge, because he only cared about him-self and his money. People thought he was evil, because he didn't lend money to beggars or he was never in a good mood with anyone or anything, for instance 'no eye at all is better than

  2. The novel 'A Christmas Carol', by Charles

    Scrooge is called to enter his own room to meet the ghost and upon entrance everything has changed. Everything is bright and cheerful, a direct contrast to Scrooge and his usual environment. 'The walls and ceiling were so hung with living green, that it looked a perfect grove' The third

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work