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A christmas carol

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Introduction

A Christmas Carol English Coursework: How does Dickens manipulate his readers through A Christmas Carol? In a psychological context, manipulation means to influence a person or a group of people in such a way that the manipulator tries to get what he or she wants or makes a person believe something in a calculating, indirect and somewhat dishonest way. For example 'play' on the emotions (fear, hope, love...) of the person. Dickens wrote this short novel to make his audience think about their attitude to the poor. He uses different techniques to make us feel the way he does. This novel is set mainly in London. Dickens descriptions of London allow readers to experience the sights, sounds, and smells of the old city. This ability to engage the reader into time and place sets the perfect stage for him to set up his fiction. As his intension is to bring the readers attention to the unfair ruling of the poor, he also uses this excuse to present the upper class as an irresponsible, selfish and cruel defence. The writer uses first person to narrate, seeing as he wants to be faithful to the audience. For example 'mind! I don't mean to say that I know, of my own knowledge, what there is particularly dead about a door-nail', this makes the audience assume whatever is being said is true. They trust the narrator. This trust allows them to listen to and accept the moral of the story. ...read more.

Middle

"I have no doubt whatever that the warm stuff in the jug at Bob Cratchit's Christmas dinner, had a very pleasant effect on the simple party. I am certain that if I had been at Mr. Fezziwig's ball, I should have taken a little negus -- and possibly not a little beer -- and been none the worse for it, in heart or head. I am very sure that the working people of this country have not too many household enjoyments, and I could not, in my fancy or in actual deed, deprive them of this one when it is so innocently shared." The structure of the story is determined by its content. The three central chapters correspond to times in Scrooge's life: his past, the present as it is for other people, many of who are affected by Scrooge's unkindness and his future as it may be or will be, if he does not change. The chapters relate to the visits of the three ghosts. Dickens portrays all three ghosts and in very different ways, the first ghost is shown as having or showing a kindly and considerate nature and expressing pity, the second ghost is shown as being authoritative yet hearty and the third ghost tending to be forceful of argument. The ghost of Christmas past in a way shows people that your experiences make up who you are (experience is the name that everyone gives to their mistake and when each of us understands we're responsible for the decisions we make in life we ...read more.

Conclusion

Scrooge also begins to seem himself as others see him. When the first and second ghost visit scrooge; taking him back to his past Scrooge ends up making many links. Seeing himself as a small boy he thinks the carol singer outside his door. When he sees his sister, Fan, he thinks of how harsh he has been to her son. But most of all he is affected by the sight of the person he is most able to help Tiny Tim. The ghost of Christmas yet to come symbolises our fear to the future and also our control over it - the future is what we make of it, that is why you cannot see the face of the ghost and he is cloaked in black. The ghost of Christmas yet to come symbolises the fear of death. It quotes 'it's likely to be a very cheap funeral...for anyone upon my life, I don't know anyone to go to it,' this is indicating the consequences of greed and selfishness. It is also representing the punishment and rewards which is basically heaven and hell. In the end we encounter a new Scrooge which involves happiness and Christmas cheer. For example ' I'll raise your salary and endeavour to assist your struggling family...' Scrooge intends to make up for the bitterness he caused them. A Christmas Carol has a content of passages that hold symbolic meanings which displays how a hard hearted person can be changed into a charitable person. On the whole I think the author was successful in trying to illustrate how and why Scrooge changes. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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